Hydrogenated Radiation Defects in Silicon: Isotopic Effect of Hydrogen and Deuterium
The isotopic effect of hydrogen and deuterium on hydrogenation of radiation defects introduced in n-type float zone and Czochralski silicon by irradiation with high-energy alphas was investigated. Silicon diodes were first irradiated with 2.4 MeV alphas to a fluence of 1x1010 cm-2 and then hydrogen or deuterium was introduced by rf plasma treatment at 250°C. Reactions of hydrogen and deuterium with radiation defects were monitored by deep-level transient spectroscopy during subsequent isochronal annealing at temperatures ranging from 100 to 400°C. Results show that hydrogen rf plasma effectively neutralizes majority of vacancy related radiation defects created by alphas in both materials. In contrast with it, neutralization by deuterium plasma is substantially weaker. Disappearing of vacancy related defect levels due to hydrogen (deuterium) treatment is accompanied by introduction of two dominant deep levels at EC-0.309 eV and EC-0.365 eV. While hydrogenation significantly accelerates annealing of radiation defects especially in Czochralski material, deuteration has weaker effect and gives rise to new defect levels during annealing.
W. Jantsch and F. Schäffler
P. Hazdra et al., "Hydrogenated Radiation Defects in Silicon: Isotopic Effect of Hydrogen and Deuterium", Solid State Phenomena, Vols. 178-179, pp. 398-403, 2011