Arthur Stanley Nowick, an Intellectual Appreciation

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We present Nowick’s scientific background, professional development, principal achievements, and an assessment of his career.

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Solid State Phenomena (Volume 184)

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Robert Schaller and D. Mari

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7-13

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D.N. Beshers, "Arthur Stanley Nowick, an Intellectual Appreciation", Solid State Phenomena, Vol. 184, pp. 7-13, 2012

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January 2012

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[1] A.S. Nowick, Internal friction in metals, Progress in Metal Physics 4, Pergamon Press, Oxford, 1953, pp.1-70.

[2] A.S. Nowick, B.S. Berry, Anelastic Relaxation in Crystalline Solids, Academic Press, New York, (1972).

[3] A.S. Nowick, The golden age of crystal defects, Annual Review of Materials Science, 26 (1996) 1-19.

[4] MRS Bull. 35 ( 2010) 736-737.

[5] S.L. Quimby, On the experimental determination of the viscosity of vibrating solids, Phys. Rev. 25 (1925) 558-573.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1103/physrev.25.558

[6] W.F. Brown, Jr., The variation of the internal friction and elastic constants with magnetization in iron. Part II, Phys. Rev. 50 (1936) 1165-1172.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1103/physrev.50.1165

[7] C. Zener, Internal friction in solids: I. Theory of internal friction in reeds, Phys. Rev. 52, (1937) 230-235.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1103/physrev.52.230

[8] C. Zener, Internal friction in solids: II. General theory of thermoelastic internal friction, Phys. Rev. 53 (1938) 90-99.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1103/physrev.53.90

[9] C. Zener, Internal friction in solids: V. General theory of macroscopic eddy currents, Phys. Rev. 53 (1938) 1010-1013.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1103/physrev.53.1010

[10] A.S. Nowick, E. S Machlin, Dislocation theory as applied by N.A.C.A. to the creep of metals, J. Appl. Phys. 18 (1947) 79-87.

[11] T.A. Read, The internal friction of single metal crystals, Phys. Rev. 58 (1940) 371-80.

[12] T.A. Read, Trans AIME 143 (1941) 30-44.

[13] A.S. Nowick, Variation of amplitude-dependent internal friction in single crystals of copper with frequency and temperature, Phys. Rev. 80 (1950) 249-257.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1103/physrev.80.249

[14] C. Zener, Elasticity and Anelasticity of Metals, U. Chicago Press, Chicago, (1948).

[15] A.S. Nowick, The production and detection of a nonequilibrium number of vacancies in a metal, Phys. Rev. 82 (1951) 551-552.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1103/physrev.82.551.2

[16] A.S. Nowick, Anelastic measurements of atomic mobility in substitutional solid solutions, Phys. Rev. 88 (1952) 925-344.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1103/physrev.88.925

[17] A.S. Nowick, A reinterpretation of experiments in intermetallic diffusion. Journal of Applied Physics 22 (1951) 1182-1186.

[18] A.S. Nowick, B.S. Berry, The Zener relaxation as a distribution of relaxation times. Acta Met. 10 (1962) 312-318.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/0001-6160(62)90008-1

[19] R. Feder, A.S. Nowick, Use of thermal expansion measurements to detect lattice vacancies near the melting point of pure lead and aluminum, Phys. Rev. 109 (1958) 1959-(1963).

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1103/physrev.109.1959

[20] R. Feder, A.S. Nowick, Equilibrium vacancy concentration in pure Pb and dilute Pb-Tl and Pb-In alloys, Phil. Mag. 15 (1967), 805-12.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/14786436708220928

[21] A.S. Nowick, Anelastic effects arising from precipitation in aluminum-zinc alloys, J. Appl. Phys. 22 (1951) 925-933.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1063/1.1700074

[22] A.S. Nowick, Stress relaxation across interfaces, in: Metal Interfaces-A Seminar, Am. Soc. Metals, Cleveland, Ohio, 1951, pp.248-68.

[23] D.B. Fischbach, A.S. Nowick, Some transient electrical effects of plastic deformation in sodium chloride crystals, J. Phys. Chem. Solids 5  (1958) 302-315.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/0022-3697(58)90034-9

[24] S. Mader, H. Widmer, F.M. d'Heurle, A.S. Nowick, Metastable alloys of Cu-Co and Cu-Ag thin films deposited in vacuum, Appl. Phys. Lett. 3 (1963) 201-203.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1063/1.1753848

[25] S. Mader, A.S. Nowick, Metastable Co-Au alloys: example of an amorphous ferromagnet, Appl. Phys. Lett. 7 (1965) 57-58.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1063/1.1754298

[26] R.W. Dreyfus, Dielectric relaxation due to impurity-vacancy complexes in NaCl crystals, Phys. Rev. 121 (1961) 1675-1687.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1103/physrev.121.1675

[27] R.W. Dreyfus, RB Laibowitz, Anelastic and dielectric relaxation due to impurity-vacancy complexes in NaCl crystals, Phys. Rev. 135A (1964) A1413-A1422.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1103/physrev.135.a1413

[28] A.S. Nowick, W.R. Heller, Anelasticity and stress-induced ordering of point defects in crystals. Adv. Phys. 12 (1963) 251-298.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/00018736300101293

[29] A.S. Nowick, W.R. Heller, Dielectric and anelastic relaxation of crystals containing point defects, Adv. Phys. 14 (1965) 101-166.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/00018736500101021

[30] A.S. Nowick, Dielectric and anelastic relaxation of crystals containing point defects . II, Adv. Phys. 16 (1967) 1-47.

[31] A.S. Nowick, M.W. Stanley, Dielectric relaxation due to the aluminum-sodium defect in α-quartz, J. Appl. Phys. 40 (1969) 4995-4997.

[32] A.S. Nowick, Kinetics of an elastic and dielectric relaxation due to reacting point defects. J. Phys. Chem. Solids, 31(1970) 1819-1826.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/0022-3697(70)90173-3

[33] G.B. Reinish, A.S. Nowick, Piezoelectric properties of bone as functions of moisture content, Nature 253 (1975) 626-627.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1038/253626a0

[34] A.S. Nowick, J.J. Burton, Eds., Diffusion in Solids: Recent Developments, Academic Press, New York, (1975).

[35] G.E. Murch, A.S. Nowick, Eds., Diffusion in Crystalline Solids, Academic Press, Orlando, FL, (1984).

[36] J.F. Nye, Physical properties of crystals: their representation by tensors and matrices, Oxford University Press, 1957, (1985).

[37] B.S. Lim, A. S. Nowick, Electrical relaxations: Simple versus complex ionic systems, Phys. Rev. B 63 (2001) 184115 [7 pages].

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1103/physrevb.63.184115