Microstructure of the Ni-W Solid Solution Prepared by Levitation and after High Pressure Torsion Severe Plastic Deformation
The Ni-4at%W alloys was prepared with cold crucible levitation, subsequent levitation re-melting and high pressure torsion (HPT) intensive deformation. In samples after levitation precipitates of Ni4W phase as well as grain boundary continuous phase were formed. Levitation re-melting resulted in partial dissolution of the precipitates, increasing W content in the matrix and lead to the microstructure refinement. The deformation by HPT, in the range of 300-400%, lead to the lead to the homogenization of the solid solution and partial decomposition of the alloys into pure Ni and W. In the homogenous majority of the sample the microstructure transformed from dendrite microstructure to faceted grains. The analysis of the grains sizes and shapes showed that the average grain size in the sample re-melted by levitation was twice the grain size of the sample only prepared with CCLM. Also, the grains in this sample were elongated by 50-60% in one direction, while in the sample prepared by CCLM they were equiaxial. As the nominal composition of the alloys in both cases was the same, differences observed in the microstructure after re-melting and HPT processing must result only from the differences in the cooling rate leading to small differences in W content in solid solution and phase composition after solidification. High rate of cooling in the levitation methods resulted in Ni4W metastable phase precipitation as well as in the refinement of the microstructure, stronger after additional re-melting of the alloy by levitation.
Danuta Stróż and Krystian Prusik
T. Czeppe et al., "Microstructure of the Ni-W Solid Solution Prepared by Levitation and after High Pressure Torsion Severe Plastic Deformation", Solid State Phenomena, Vol. 186, pp. 104-107, 2012