The Basic Research of Experimental Steels for Pipelines
The requirement for curde oil and natural gas is still increasing. It was observed a growing of interested in the exploration and exploatation of unconventional fuels, including shate gas. There is about 3 to 5 trilion cubic meters resources of that type of gas in Poland. The latest data predicts that in addition to gas in the shale is also petroleum. The development of this branch of mining in our country can cause a significant increase in demand for pipes. The results of basic research of experimental steels for pipe line are presented in this article. Analyse of published materials about steels for pipe line was done. The chemical composition of two types of new steels meeting the requirements for X80 and X100 grade plates according API 5L norm were developed. The heat tratment using dilatometer DIL 805A/D were carried out. The influnce of heat temperature before rolling proces on structure of austenite was defined. The heating schemes were proposed for obtaining a high yield, while not allowing the dissolution of the alloying elements inhibit austenite grain overdevelopment. For samples after tests the structure of primary austenite and the size of former austenite grains were determined. The influence of deformation cinditions on structure were determinated, too. The results obtained from the examinations will be used to develop a technology for rolling sheets of pipelines in the category of X80 and X100 according to the API.
Zdzislaw Gosiewski and Zbigniew Kulesza
M. Knapiński et al., "The Basic Research of Experimental Steels for Pipelines", Solid State Phenomena, Vol. 199, pp. 518-523, 2013