Development of Research Methods for the Assessment of the Technical Condition of Ropes

Abstract:

Article Preview

Ropes, including steel wire ropes, are the essential component of the kinematic chains in many passenger and cargo transport systems. Their condition also determines the level of operational safety of those devices. The article is devoted to discussion of methods of assessing the condition of steel wire ropes. The paper discusses magnetic and visual methods. Both methods are used obligatorily to assess ropes employed in rope transport systems. The most significant advantages of the magnetic method and the capabilities of modern methods of analysis of signals obtained from such studies are described. An important part of this article is showing how to determine the geometrical parameters of ropes during a routine evaluation of the degree of wear. The second part of the article presents new methods of determining and recording the geometrical parameters of ropes based on vision systems. The original method of determination of those parameters described herein is complementary to the currently used methods of assessment of the wear of both steel wire ropes and the increasingly more common synthetic fibre ropes. The method is based on the analysis of vision signals. Images of rope surface are created using 3D technology. The article presents some results of research based on which it is possible to identify the geometric dimensions of ropes as well as defects on the surface of those ropes. Such identification is possible on a digital image of a projection of rope surface.

Info:

Periodical:

Solid State Phenomena (Volume 208)

Edited by:

Andrzej Kot

Pages:

183-193

Citation:

G. Olszyna et al., "Development of Research Methods for the Assessment of the Technical Condition of Ropes", Solid State Phenomena, Vol. 208, pp. 183-193, 2014

Online since:

September 2013

Export:

Price:

$38.00

[1] J. Bednarczyk, A. Sioma (2011) Application of a visual measurement technique to the assessment of electrodynamic stamping, Solid State Phenomena ; Control engineering in materials processing, ISSN 1012-0394, vol. 177, p.1–9, 20.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.4028/www.scientific.net/ssp.177.1

[2] C. R. Chaplin, I.M.L. Ridge, A. Tytko Interpretation of indicated magnetic area loss. OIPEEC Bulletin No 78, p.67 – 80, Reading, England (2000).

[3] J. Gawlik, A. Ryniewicz, A. Sioma (2004).

[4] T. S. Golosinski, A. Tytko Condition assessment of wire ropes subject to external wire wear. OIPEEC Bulletin No 79, p.67 – 76, Reading, England (2000).

[5] J. Hansel: Magnetic testing of steel ropes – 60 years of development of the method at the AGH University of Science and Technology. Zeszyty Naukowo-Techniczne AGH-KTL, No. 35, Kraków (2006).

[6] J. Kowal, A. Sioma (2009) Active vision system for 3D product inspection. Learn how to construct three-dimensional vision applications by reviewing the measurements procedures, Control Engineering USA, vol. 56, pp.46-48.

[7] J. Kowal, A. Sioma (2010) Construction of a 3D image of a product using a vision system, Acta Mechanica et Automatica, ISSN 1898-4088, Vol. 4. No. 1, p.48–51.

[8] J. Kowal, W. Lepiarz, A. Sioma (2012) Multibody bionic systems modeling – The puppet master approach. Carpathian Control Conference (ICCC), 2012 13th International. Page(s): 388-391.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1109/carpathiancc.2012.6228673

[9] J. Kowal, S. Blok, A. Sioma (2012) Determining the orientation of a body in space using the Kalman filter. Carpathian Control Conference (ICCC), 2012 13th International. Page(s): 376-381.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1109/carpathiancc.2012.6228671

[10] J. Kowalski, J. Nowacki, A. Tytko (2009) Discard criteria for modern ropes in some applications. OIPEEC Conference, Stuttgart.

[11] J. Kowal, A. Sioma (2012) Surface defects detection using a 3D vision system. Carpathian Control Conference (ICCC), 2012 13th International. Page(s): 382 – 387.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1109/carpathiancc.2012.6228672

[12] J. Nowacki, A. Tytko: The measurement of mine hoisting wire rope lay length, Transport szybowy, Gliwice, 2009 ITG KOMAG pp.143-150.

[13] G. Olszyna, A. Tytko: Wire ropes evaluation on the basis of diameter and length stroke measurement, Warszaw, 2009, Dozór Techniczny; ISSN 0209-1763, No. 1/2009 pp.21-24.

[14] G. Olszyna, A. Tytko: On assessment of technical condition of steel ropes when essential symptoms of wear and tear are not visible, Bezpieczeństwo pracy urządzeń transportowych w górnictwie: CBiDGP, Lędziny, 2012, pp.45-51.

[15] A. Sioma (2010).

[16] A. Sioma (2011), CAD design using data from a vision system, Mechanik miesięcznik naukowo-techniczny, ISSN 0025-6552, No. 12, p.990.

[17] A. Tytko (2003) Utilization of steel wire ropes. Wydawnictwo Naukowe Śląsk, Katowice – Warszawa 2003, p.416.

[18] A. Tytko, A. Sioma (2011) Evaluation of the operational parameters of ropes, Solid State Phenomena, Control engineering in materials processing, ISSN 1012-0394, vol. 177, p.125–134.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.4028/www.scientific.net/ssp.177.125