Modifying Operating Conditions of the Friction Pair with an Additive Added to the Lubricant while Operating
This paper presents the results of research into the effect of the use of an additive to the lubricating oil SAE 15W/40 on the lubricating properties (standardised tests), i.e. the weld point Pz, last non-seizure load Pn, load-wear index Ih, and seizure load Pt. The friction pair consisted of four balls and the tested lubricant. Moreover, the impact of the use of the lubricating oil (non-standardised tests) on tribological properties such as friction force, wear, and the temperature of the friction area for the friction pair C45 steel/210Cr12 steel, was explored. The additive contained copper and lead particles of the size of a few micrometers. The tests helped to determine the effect of the use of the additive to the lubricant on the formation of the operational surface layer. The results were used to build a model of the boundary layer formed as a result of the additive to the lubricating oil.
Algirdas V. Valiulis, Olegas Černašėjus and Vadim Mokšin
S. Laber and A. Laber, "Modifying Operating Conditions of the Friction Pair with an Additive Added to the Lubricant while Operating", Solid State Phenomena, Vols. 220-221, pp. 230-238, 2015