Magneto-Mechanical Effects in NDE & SHM Applications

Abstract:

Article Preview

The paper presents the theoretical and experimental results from evaluating the early phase of material fatigue and discusses the issues concerning the example of two object classes: supporting structures and shaft working under real environmental conditions. In theoretical considerations, the Hall-Petch and Bailey-Hirsch relationships between microstructure and mechanical parameters are given. Magneto-mechanical effects and the magnetic passive observer have been used for evaluating the early phase of material fatigue. The Metal Magnetic Memory method of structural health assessment was verified and the potential for a reliable diagnosis of damage to the ferromagnetic material at the 1st and 2nd stage was confirmed.

Info:

Periodical:

Solid State Phenomena (Volumes 220-221)

Edited by:

Algirdas V. Valiulis, Olegas Černašėjus and Vadim Mokšin

Pages:

544-549

Citation:

M. Witoś and M. Żokowski, "Magneto-Mechanical Effects in NDE & SHM Applications", Solid State Phenomena, Vols. 220-221, pp. 544-549, 2015

Online since:

January 2015

Export:

Price:

$38.00

[1] M. Witoś, Detection of material fatigue risk with the use of the MMM method, in: 6th Conference Fatigue of Aircraft Structures, Institute of Aviation, Warsaw, 10–11 January, (2013).

[2] M. Witoś, Increasing the durability of turbine engines through active diagnostics and control, Research works of AFIT 29 (2011) 324 p. (in Polish).

[3] Novikov, Grain Growth and Control of Microstructure and Texture in Polycrystalline Materials, CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL, (1996).

[4] A.H. Cottrell, The Mechanical Properties of Matter, John Wiley and Sons Inc., New York, (1964).

[5] F.R.N. Nabarro, Dislocations in a Simple Cubic Lattice, Proc. Phys. Soc. 59(2) (1947) 256–272.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1088/0959-5309/59/2/309

[6] G. Socha, Experimental investigations of fatigue cracks nucleation, growth and coalescence in structural steel, International Journal of Fatigue 25(2) (2003) 139–147.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/s0142-1123(02)00068-3

[7] F. B. Pickering, Physical metallurgy and the design of the steels, Applied Science Publishers, London, 1978, p.1–88.

[8] S. M. Thompson, The magnetic properties of plastically deformed steels: Durham theses, Durham University, 1991. Information on http: /etheses. dur. ac. uk/3600.

[9] J. A. Ewing, Magnetic induction in iron and other metals, The Electrician, Printing and Publishing, London, (1900).

[10] R. Newnham, Properties of Materials. Anisotropy, Symmetry, Structure, Oxford University Press, Oxford, (2005).

[11] R. Langman, Measurement of the Mechanical Stress in Mild Steel by Means of Rotation of Magnetic Field Strength, NDT International, Oct (1981).

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/0308-9126(81)90078-x

[12] T. -K. Lee, J. W. Morris, Jr., S. Lee, J. Clarke, Detection of fatigue damage prior to crack initiation with scanning SQUID microscopy, Review of Progress in Quantitative Nondestructive Evaluation 25.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1063/1.2184685

[13] V. T. Vlasov, A. A. Dubov: Physical bases of the metal magnetic memory method, ZAO Tisso Publishing House, Moscow, Russia, (2004).

[14] L. Vandenbossche, Magnetic hysteretic characterization of ferromagnetic materials with objectives towards non-destructive evaluation of material degradation: PhD Thesis, Universiteit Gent, (2009).

[15] Y. Koh, Dependence of magnetic susceptibility on dislocation density in tensile deformed iron and Mn-steel, ISIJ Int. (Iron Steel Inst. Jpn. ) 47(2) (2007) 327–332.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.2355/isijinternational.47.327

[16] Ch. W. Burrows, Correlation of the magnetic and mechanical properties of steel, Scientific Papers of the Bureau of Standards 272 (1916). Information on http: /www. archive. org.

[17] ISO-24497-1: 3: 2007 Non-destructive testing – Metal magnetic memory, Part 1: Vocabulary. Part 2: General requirements, Part 3: Inspection of welded joints.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.3403/30137590

[18] Information on http: /www. energodiagnostika. ru.