Magnetocaloric Effect of Gadolinium at Adiabatic and Quasi-Isothermal Conditions in High Magnetic Fields
High cooling power of magnetocaloric refrigeration can be achieved only at large amounts of heat, which can be transferred in one cycle from cold end to hot end at quasi-isothermal conditions. The simple experimental method for direct measurement of the transferred heat from material with magnetocaloric effect (MCE) to massive nonmagnetic block at quasi-isothermal conditions was proposed. The vacuum calorimeter was designed for the simultaneous measurements of MCE both at adiabatic conditions (∆T) and quasi-isothermal conditions (∆Q) in the magnetic fields of Bitter coil magnet. This calorimeter was tested on samples of pure polycrystalline Gd with direct MCE. The maximal obtained values were ∆T = 17.7 K and ∆Q = 5900 J/kg at initial temperature 20 °C in magnetic field 140 kOe.
Nikolai Perov and Anna Semisalova
A. P. Kamantsev et al., "Magnetocaloric Effect of Gadolinium at Adiabatic and Quasi-Isothermal Conditions in High Magnetic Fields", Solid State Phenomena, Vols. 233-234, pp. 216-219, 2015