Methods Considering the Concrete Creep due to Shrinkage


Article Preview

Creep of concrete is a phenomenon that is not only significant in the long term, but also at young concrete. The paper deals with methods considering the tensile creep of concrete due to shrinkage. It was proved, that the tensile creep can be taken into account by simplified methods called Age-adjusted Effective Modulus Method with the ageing coefficient χ value falling between 0.4 and 0.45. Calculated values were experimentally verified by means of Ring-test.



Solid State Phenomena (Volume 259)

Edited by:

Šárka Nenadálová, Petra Johová and Tereza Sajdlová




L. Zvolánek and I. Terzijski, "Methods Considering the Concrete Creep due to Shrinkage", Solid State Phenomena, Vol. 259, pp. 3-8, 2017

Online since:

May 2017




* - Corresponding Author

[1] ALTOUBAT, S. A., LANGE, D. A. Creep, shrinkage, and cracking of restrained concrete at early age. ACI Materials Journal. Springer Netherlands, 98(4) 323-331.


[2] KOVLER, K. Testing system for determining the mechanical behavior of early age concrete under restrained and free uniaxial shrinkage. Materials and structures. 1994. DOI: 10. 1007/bf02473424.


[3] ASTM Standard C1581. Standard Test Method for Determining Age at Cracking and Induced Tensile Stress Characteristics of Mortar and Concrete under Restrained Shrinkage. ASTM International. 2004. DOI: 10. 1520/C1581_C1591M-09A. www. astm. org.


[4] MOON, J. H. and J. WEISS. Estimating residual stress in the restrained ring test under circumferential drying. Cement and Concrete Composites. Kidlington: Elsevier, 28(5) (2006) 486-496.


[5] HOSSAIN, A. B. and J. WEISS. Assessing residual stress development and stress relaxation in restrained concrete ring specimens. Cement and Concrete Composites. 26(1) (2006) 189-199. DOI: 1016/S0958-9465(03)00069-6.


[6] BAŽANT, Z. P., HUBLER, M. H. and R. WENDNER. Model B4 for creep, drying shrinkage and autogenous shrinkage of normal and high-strength concretes with multi-decade applicability. TC-242-MDC multi-decade creep and shrinkage of concrete: material model and structural analysis. Materials and Structures. 48(4) (2015).


[7] NAVRÁTIL, J. Structural analysis of bridges, legitimate conservatism and obsolete theories. Concrete Engineering International. 8(1) (2004), 17-19.

[8] ZDENĚK P. BAŽANT. Prediction of Concrete Creep Effects Using Age-Adjusted Effective Modulus Method. ACI Journal Proceedings. 69(4) (1972) 212-219. DOI: 10. 14359/11265. ISSN 0002-8061.


[9] EN 1992-1-1. Eurocode 2: Design of concrete structures – Part 1-1: General rules and rules for buildings, European Committee for Standardization, (2011).

Fetching data from Crossref.
This may take some time to load.