Functional Materials and Metallurgy

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Authors: Andi Rustandi, Suganta Setiawan, Ihsan Fathurrahman
Abstract: Austenitic stainless steel 316L has been widely used in marine environment which containing sodium chloride solution (NaCl). In order to provide matching properties with parent metal, filler metal SMA 316L is commonly produced with slightly over alloyed composition. This work investigated the corrosion behavior of base metal 316L and SMA 316L weld metal by using Electrochemical Impedance Spectroscopy (EIS) to evaluate the mechanism of corrosion behavior based on impedance magnitude measurement at room temperature (27°C ). Various concentrations of sodium chloride solution i.e 1%,2%,3.5%,4% ,and 5% NaCl were prepared. Optical Metallography was also conducted to compare microstructure of base and weld metal. By using Nyquist graphs and its related equivalent circuit parameters showed that impedance magnitude of weld metal was higher which compared to base metal at any NaCl concentration. Metallography examination revealed that weld metal 316L had dendritic austenitic with delta ferrite and 316L base metal had austenite with typical twin boundaries structure. Higher chromium and nickel content in weld metal 316L was the key variable that control passive film characteristic rather than its microstructure. The lowest impedance magnitude of both 316L and all-weld metal 316L at various concentration was at 3.5% NaCl. Dissolved oxygen at 3.5% NaCl reach maximum solubility which causes severe pitting corrosion.
Authors: Mustafa Tekin, Cengizhan Taslicay, Faiz Muhaffel, Huseyin Cimenoglu
Abstract: In the present study, wear and corrosion resistances of magnesium alloys were analyzed after coated by micro arc oxidation (MAO) process for potential protection of gear component, which is the most wearing part of a conventional bicycle. Two of the most common magnesium alloys (AZ31 and AZ91) were used in the study and they were oxidized in three different electrolytes (aluminate-, silicate-and phosphate-based). Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) was utilized in order to analyze the coating morphology and wear tracks obtained during wear tests. Energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDS) analyses were implemented to determine the elemental composition of the coatings. Wear and corrosion tests were applied to compare the performances of the coatings. Experimental results showed that wear and corrosion resistances of the samples generally increased after coated by MAO process and the best protection against wear and corrosion related failures, was achieved by utilizing silicate-based electrolyte for MAO process of magnesium alloys under selected process parameters.
Authors: Alain Kusmoko, Druce Dunne, Hui Jun Li
Abstract: Stellite 6 was fabricated by laser cladding on a 1050 steel (MS) substrate with laser powers of 1 kW (MS-1) and 1.8 kW (MS-1.8). The chemical compositions and microstructures of the coatings were analysed by X-Ray Fluoroscense, optical microscopy and scanning electron microscopy. The microhardness of the coatings was examined and the wear mechanism of the coatings was evaluated using a ball-on-plate wear testing machine. The results indicated less cracking and pore development for Stellite 6 coatings applied to the 1050 steel substrate with the lower laser power (MS-1). Moreover, the Stellite coating for MS-1 was significantly harder than that obtained for MS-1.8. The wear test results showed that the weight loss for MS-1 was much lower than for MS-1.8. The evaluations of dilution and calculation of carbon content indicated that MS-1 has lower dilution and higher coating C content than MS-1.8. It is concluded that the lower hardness of the coating for MS-1.8, substantially reduced the wear resistance of the Stellite 6 coating and the lower hardness of the coating for MS-1.8 was due to higher level of dilution and lower coating C content. The coating-substrate couple must be considered in assessing the likely performance of the coating under service conditions.
Authors: Su Jun Guan, Liang Hao, Hiroyuki Yoshida, Hiroshi Asanuma, Fu Sheng Pan, Yun Lu
Abstract: Photocatalyst coatings on alumina (Al2O3) balls had been successfully fabricated by mechanical coating technique, with titanium carbide (TiC) powder and subsequent heat treatment in carbon powder. The effect of heat treatment conditions in carbon powder on the formed compounds, surface morphology and photocatalytic activity of photocatalyst coatings was investigated. XRD results show that the formed compounds change with increasing the heat treatment temperature in carbon powder, and rutile TiO2 on the surface of TiC coatings at 1073 K and 1173 K. The generated oxygen vacancies confirmed by XPS measurement, are in favor of narrowing band gap to enhance the visible-light photocatalytic activity of photocatalyst coatings. The photocatalytic activity of photocatalyst coatings has been effectively enhanced, and the samples fabricated at 1073 K and 1173 K for 2 h show higher activity. The fabrication strategy provides us a facile preparation procedure of visible-light responsive photocatalyst coatings.
Authors: Qiang Zhou, Liu Yang, Xiao Hong Xiao, Qing Zhi Zhai
Abstract: The Ce doped Strontium Magnesium silicate phosphor Sr2MgSi2O7:Ce is compounded by using high temperature roasting process, and the plane sample of prepared phosphor is obtained by tablet press method. A modified MCJ-01A friction tester with the friction pair of glass bar against on the plane phosphor sample is used to determine the triboluminescence property of Ce doped Strontium Magnesium silicate phosphor in the linear contact sliding friction. Examination on the triboluminescence of Ce doped Strontium Magnesium silicate phosphor indicates that a quality triboluminescent phosphor with 448nm± blue spectrum emission can be obtained only in the 1200°C calcining temperature, and only 0.010 molar Ce doping concentration in the Sr2MgSi2O7:Cex can promote the prepared phosphor to generate a higher triboluminecent emission and a smaller full width at half maximum (FWHM). The suitable level of applied load is beneficial to hold a balance between wear increment and spectrum intensity. Finally a triboluminescent unit with squirrel cage structure is constructed to realize the triboluminescence of multiple glass bars against on the cylindrical phosphor in the manner of sliding friction. This can satisfy the light emitting of 360o azimuth, and generate more tribological luminous flux.
Authors: Su Jun Guan, Liang Hao, Yutaka Hirakawa, Hiroyuki Yoshida, Yoshimasa Amano, Motoi Machida, Yun Lu
Abstract: Photocatalyst coatings had been successfully fabricated by molten salt treatment at 673 K for 3 h for titanium (Ti) coatings, which coated on alumina (Al2O3) balls by mechanical coating technique with Ti powder. The influence of molten salt treatment on the formed compounds, surface morphology and photocatalytic activity under visible light irradiation on degradation of MB solution and suppression of Microcystis aeruginosa of photocatalyst coatings was investigated. XRD results show that potassium titanate (K2Ti6O13) forms on the surface of Ti coatings during molten salt treatment. The visible light photocatalytic activity of photocatalyst coatings has been effectively enhanced by molten salt treatment.
Authors: Xue Ke Wu, Song Zhang, Li Yue, Tao Jing
Abstract: The structural stability, metallicity and hydrogen adsorption properties of Ti doped superatomic-Al12C cluster have been investigated by first-principles based on density functional theory. The results show that the structural stability of Al12C has been enhanced after replacing the central Al atom of icosahedra Al13 configuration by carbon atom, and the most stable structure and stability of Al12CTi and the lowest energy structures of Al12CTi (H2)n (n=1-8) are searched and discussed. Moreover, the Al12CTi (H2)6 not only exhibits strong stability according to HOMO-LUMO energy gap analysis, but also absorbs six hydrogen molecules in the absorb energy range of physical and chemical absorption, which could be considered as a candidate for hydrogen absorption materials development.
Authors: Maxim Arsentev, Marina Kalinina, Petr Tikhonov, Anastasia Shmigel, Nadezhda Kovalko, Tatiana Egorova
Abstract: The reversibility of phase transformations in Li2MnSiO4 and related materials during charge/discharge of the material is an important factor to enable the practical application of the cathode materials. However, the stability of this material is still unattainable. Here we report the computational identification of a new form of Li2MnSiO4 as a stable candidate with acceptable characteristics. The stability could arise due to the presence of the three-dimensional structure of the inorganic framework. The presence of a structure with a compact unit cell forms the basis for high capacity. Surprisingly it was found to have a stable analogue occurring in nature – Na2CaSiO4 with the same structure. Using this information the possible routes of obtaining such material are presented. The prediction of such material has been not found in the literature previously. Of course the problems such as phase transformations upon delithiation may exist, and to check the data the experimental and computer studies needed.
Authors: Silvia Chowdhury, Faridah Yusof, Nadzril Sulaiman, Mohammad Omer Faruck
Abstract: In this article, we have studied the process of silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) aggregation and to stop aggregation 0.3% Polyvinylpyrrolidone (PVP) was used. Aggregation study carried out via UV-vis spectroscopy and it is reported that the absorption spectrum of spherical silver nanoparticles were found a maximum peak at 420 nm wavelength. Furthermore, Transmission Electron Microscopy (TEM) were used to characterized the size and shape of AgNPs, where the average particle size is around 10 to 25 nm in diameter and the AgNPs shape is spherical. Next, Dynamic Light Scattering (DLS) were used, owing to observed size distribution and self-correlation of AgNPs.
Authors: Haider F. Abdul Amir
Abstract: In this paper, the defect generated in the interaction of gamma ray resulting from cesium ion (Cs-137) and GaAs as a main portion of gallium arsenide field effect transistor (GaAsFET) is simulated using SRIM (Stopping and Range of Ions in Matter). The induced defects are in the form of vacancies, defect clusters and dislocations. Besides, the defect is found influencing the kinetic processes that occur both inside and outside the cascade volume. The radiation tolerance between the conventional scale and nanoscale thickness of GaAs layer is also being compared. From the findings, it is observed that when the thickness of GaAs layer is scaled down, defect that induced by the energy deposition of gamma radiation is significantly lesser. This means that nanoscale GaAs layer features improved radiation robustness towards the deposition of energetic ions.

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