Nanoparticle Gels Obtained from Hardwood and Softwood Bark for Reinforcing of Paper
For reinforcing of paper, nanoparticle gels from black alder, birch and pine bark were obtained. Non-extracted bark and that extracted in biorefinery were used. For producing nanoparticles, the materials were destructed using the thermocatalytic destruction method and then dispersed in water medium in a ball mill. At a sufficient concentration, gel-like dispersions were obtained, which contained nanoparticles with the size ~300 nm. The effect of nanoparticle gels on the properties of paper sheets was investigated by introducing the dissolved gels in paper furnish and by covering both sides of paper sheets with nanoparticle gel coatings. It has been established that the nanoparticle fillers increase the tensile and burst strength. The nanoparticle fillers from extracted bark increase the mechanical indices to a higher extent. The coatings from nanoparticle gels considerably improve the Gurley air resistance of paper and increase the mechanical indices of paper sheets, especially burst strength. The effect of nanoparticle gel coatings is dependent on the coating thickness and gel concentration. The coatings decrease the tensile strength in a wet state.
Regita Bendikienė and Kazimieras Juzėnas
M. Laka et al., "Nanoparticle Gels Obtained from Hardwood and Softwood Bark for Reinforcing of Paper", Solid State Phenomena, Vol. 267, pp. 12-16, 2017