Microstructural Evolution of ZL104 Aluminum Alloy Semi-Solid Billet Fabricated by RAP Process
In this study, ZL104 aluminum alloy supplied in cold rolled state was introduced in recrystallization and partial melting (RAP) process to fabricate semi-solid billets. During the RAP process, samples cut from cold rolled ZL104 aluminum plate were heated to different semi-solid temperatures, and the effects of isothermal treatment parameters on the microstructures of semi-solid billets were investigated. Results showed that, with the increase of isothermal holding temperature and time, both the average grain size and the shape factor were increased. Namely, the shape of solid grain was more and more spherical, but the size of solid grain was larger and larger, which may be not suitable for semi-solid forming. The size of liquid droplets was increased while the number of liquid droplets was decreased with increasing the isothermal holding temperature and time. Microstructural coarsening of solid grain were attributed to coalescence and Ostwald ripening mechanisms, however, the latter one played a more and more important role with the increase of isothermal holding time and temperature. Additionally, The optimal isothermal holding temperature and time are 570 °C and 5 min, respectively, and the coarsening rate constant is 1357.2 μm3/s at 570 °C.
Qiang Zhu, Ahmed Rassili, Stephen P. Midson and Xiao Gang Hu
Y. F. Wang et al., "Microstructural Evolution of ZL104 Aluminum Alloy Semi-Solid Billet Fabricated by RAP Process", Solid State Phenomena, Vol. 285, pp. 234-239, 2019