Semi-Solid Slurry Casting Using Gas Induced Semi-Solid Technique to Enhance the Microstructural Characteristics of Al-4.3Cu Alloy
Semi-solid processing of Al-4.3%Cu (A206) alloy was performed by Gas Induced Semi-Solid (GISS) process in different condition. The flow rate of argon gas, starting temperature for gas purging (the temperature of superheated-melt) and the duration of gas purging were three key process variables which were changed during this investigation. It was found that inert gas purging near liquidus, significantly, led to the microstructural modification from fully dendritic to globular structure. Thermal analysis was successfully implemented through CA-CCTA technique to understand the cause of the microstructure change during GISS process. The results showed that gas purging into the melt leads to temperature drop of the melt to its liquidus just after a few seconds from start of gas purging. In fact, copious nucleation was induced by cooling effect of inert gas bubbles. Microstructural features were characterized in semi-solid as well as on conventionally cast samples. The optimum gas purging temperature, injection time, and inert gas flow rate was determined in semi-solid processing to obtain the best globularity in the microstructure of a long freezing range alloy. However, the microstructure of the conventionally cast sample was fully dendritic with shrinkage which affects the soundness of casting products.
Qiang Zhu, Ahmed Rassili, Stephen P. Midson and Xiao Gang Hu
M. Abdi and S.G. Shabestari, "Semi-Solid Slurry Casting Using Gas Induced Semi-Solid Technique to Enhance the Microstructural Characteristics of Al-4.3Cu Alloy", Solid State Phenomena, Vol. 285, pp. 253-258, 2019