Using the Phase Field Method to Investigate Microstructural Evolution of Semi-Solid 357.0 Slurries
Semi-solid aluminum slurries have globular grains, different from traditional dendritic solidification microstructures. The mechanism responsible for the formation of these globular grains is still in dispute. Some researchers suggest that the globular grains are formed by fractured dendrites, while others report it is due to copious nucleation. This study will model the growth of the α-Al phase during the production of semi-solid slurries using the swirled equilibrium enthalpy device (SEED) process, where liquid alloy with a low superheat is poured into a steel crucible and swirled within the semi-solid region. Experimental observations have shown that the final microstructure of the slurry produced by the SEED process is relatively non-uniform, with large dendrites at surface and fine spherical particles at the center. Open source code for the phase field method has been adopted to simulate the different microstructural evolution for semi-solid alloy 357.0. The effect of localized temperatures under isothermal condition on the morphology of the α-Al particles has been investigated according to the special conditions of the SEED process. In addition, suggestions for modifying the slurry production to achieve more uniform microstructure are discussed.
Qiang Zhu, Ahmed Rassili, Stephen P. Midson and Xiao Gang Hu
W. Y. Qu et al., "Using the Phase Field Method to Investigate Microstructural Evolution of Semi-Solid 357.0 Slurries", Solid State Phenomena, Vol. 285, pp. 367-372, 2019