Effect of Primary α-Al Morphology in Slurry on Segregation during 357 Semi-Solid Die Casting
Controlling the morphology of the microstructure of the slurry is important during semi-solid die casting. For this project, semi-solid slugs were produced using the SEED (Swirled Enthalpy Equilibrium Device) process, where a fully liquid metal is poured into a steel crucible and cooled into the semi-solid temperature range, and the crucible and slurry are then swirled and cooled to the appropriate temperature (and solid fraction) for semi-solid casting. The pouring temperature of the melt into the crucible during SEED processing has been shown to influence the morphology and size of the aluminum solid particles within the slurry, which can influence the distribution and segregation of the solid particles during die casting. In this study, a specially-designed die with a serpentine-shaped flow channel has been used to study the distribution of the solid particles during semi-solid die casting. The experimental results show that a dendritic structure is formed when the liquid is poured from a high temperature, while a globular semi-solid morphology is more easily formed when poured from a low superheat. The current results also show that a dendritic structure leads to severe segregation during die casting.
Qiang Zhu, Ahmed Rassili, Stephen P. Midson and Xiao Gang Hu
H. Zhang et al., "Effect of Primary α-Al Morphology in Slurry on Segregation during 357 Semi-Solid Die Casting", Solid State Phenomena, Vol. 285, pp. 398-402, 2019