Papers by Author: A.G.P. Silva

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Authors: A.C. Buriti, A.G.P. Silva, Uilame Umbelino Gomes
Authors: Uilame Umbelino Gomes, C. de Souza, Francisca de Fatima P. Medeiros, A.G.P. Silva, C. Ciaravino, M. Roubin
Authors: Marcio W.D. Mendes, António Carlos P. Santos, Francisca de Fatima P. Medeiros, Clodomiro Alves Jr., A.G.P. Silva, Uilame Umbelino Gomes
Abstract: The aluminothermic reduction is a highly exothermal reaction between a metal oxide and aluminium. Conventionally this reaction is ignited by an electric resistance and the reaction products after cooling are in the form of a rigid block of mixed metal and aluminium oxide. In this work a new process of aluminothermic reduction is presented, in which the reaction is ignited by a hydrogen plasma. The niobium oxide and aluminium powders are high energy milled for six hours to form particles constituted of oxide and aluminum. Stoichiometric, substoichiometric and superstoichiometric mixtures were prepared. The mixture was placed in a stainless steel tube (the hollow cathode) inside the reactor chamber. The chamber was firstly evacuated. Then hydrogen at low pressure was introduced. In the following an electric discharge between the cathode and the anode localized just above the cathode ignites the plasma. The plasma heats the particles on the surface of the powder layer and starts the reaction that proceeds in each particle since the reactants are intimately mixed. The heat generated by the reaction propagates deeper in the layer until the whole mixture reacts. Substoichiometric mixtures can be used because hydrogen takes part of the reduction. The Nb2O5 – Al starting powder mixture and the products of the reaction are characterized by laser grain size measurement and X-Ray diffraction (XRD). The products are in form of powder or agglomerates of particles. Phases of reaction products was determined by XRD analysis and the particle size trough SEM.
Authors: J.B. Manuel, J.H. de Araújo, Franciné Alves Costa, Harim Revoredo de Macedo, Uilame Umbelino Gomes, A.G.P. Silva
Abstract: Cemented tungsten carbides were produced by liquid-phase sintering. In these work high energy milling (HEM) was used to produce homogeneous and finely grained powder mixtures. The milling effect on the magnetic properties of sintered samples is studied. Different mixtures in same composition (WC-10wt.%Co) were prepared by conventional mixture technique and wet HEM up to 300 hs in Planetary Mill. Magnetic hysteresis measurements on the sintered samples detected a significant increase in the coercitive field and a decrease on the saturation magnetization with milling time increasing. X-ray diffractogram show phase transformations with milling time. The Magnetic properties are correlated with phase relations and microstructural properties of the sintered samples.
Authors: C.M.F. Gomes, L.C.O. Santos, A.G.P. Silva, Uilame Umbelino Gomes, J.N.F. Holanda
Abstract: This work presents the results of a study concerning the influence of the addition of rareearth elements (La2O3 and CeO2) on the sintering of the WC/10Co cemented carbide. Several WC/10Co mixtures containing up to 3 wt.% rare-earth of the cobalt phase were prepared. Specimens were uniaxially pressed at 200 MPa, and sintered in a vacuum furnace at 1400 °C during 60 minutes. The sintering behaviour was accompanied by the linear shrinkage, density, and mechanical strength. The development of the microstructure was followed by XRD and SEM. The results showed that the sintering behaviour of the WC/10Co cemented carbide was influenced by adding of rare-earth element. In addition, the lanthanium oxide addition was more effective on the improvement of the physical-mechanical properties of the studied carbide.
Authors: Franciné Alves Costa, Francisco Ambrozio Filho, A.G.P. Silva, Uilame Umbelino Gomes, Severino Jackson Guedes de Lima, Wilson Acchar
Abstract: This work reports an investigation about the influence of the environment of milling on the characteristics of the powders and on the structure and density of sintered samples made of these powders. Mixtures of composition W-30wt%Cu were milled for 51 hours in a high energy planetary mill in dry and wet (cyclohexane) conditions. The milled powders have composite particles. The powders were pressed and sintered at 1050º, 1150º and 1200°C under flowing hydrogen. The isothermal times were 0 minutes for the first two temperatures and 60 minutes for the latter. The samples reached around 95% of relative density. The powders were characterized by means of XRD and SEM. The sintered samples were characterized by means of SEM, optical microscopy and density measurement.
Authors: Franciné Alves Costa, W.M. de Carvalho, A.G.P. Silva, Uilame Umbelino Gomes, José F. Silva Jr, Francisco Ambrozio Filho
Abstract: W-Cu composite powders were prepared by high energy milling under two milling environments: cyclohexane and air. Composite particles are formed in both cases. The W particles are fragmented and embedded into the Cu particles. Both, W and Cu, are heavily strained, mainly in the first hours of milling. The composite powder has high homogeneity and is much finer than the original Cu powder. The mean particle size of the powders milled in both conditions is very close, but the wet milling was near 25% longer than dry milling and the size distribution is wider. This is consequence of the higher milling intensity of dry milling.
Authors: Uilame Umbelino Gomes, A.C. Buriti, A.G.P. Silva
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