Papers by Author: A. Katsman

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Authors: A. Katsman, Leonid Klinger, L. Levin, Eugen Rabkin, W. Gust
Authors: L. Levin, T. Werber, A. Katsman, Michael Atzmon, A. Ginzburg
Authors: A. Katsman, Anton Gorny, D. Shepelev, Menachem Bamberger
Abstract: Extensive research work has been devoted to Mg-based alloys strengthened by precipitation hardening. Increasing the aging time leads to the appearance of zones depleted of precipitates near grain boundaries. The formation of precipitate depleted zones (PDZ's) is explained by near-grain boundary (NGB) coarsening. The evolution of PDZ's was considered on the basis of the model taking into account diffusional fluxes between adjacent precipitates. The set of equations was solved numerically by using a fourth-order Runge-Kutta method for different initial sizes of precipitates and densities of precipitate layers near grain boundaries. The dissolution of precipitates in the NGB-zones is initially provided by diffusion from them to large precipitates at the grain boundary, and then also by diffusion from these decreased precipitates to the larger precipitates at the outer border of the PDZ. As a result, the outer borders of the depleted zones are adjoined by bands of enlarged precipitates forming a PDZ "crust". Being a diffusion controlled process, the depleted zones are widened with temperature and aging time. Experimental investigation of PDZ evolution was conducted by SEM and TEM on Mg-Zn-Sn-alloys aged at different temperatures for different times. Comparison of the calculated results with experimental data allowed the evaluation of the model parameters and physical parameters of the system (diffusion coefficients and interface energy of the precipitated phases).
Authors: A. Katsman, Y. Yaish, M. Beregovsky
Abstract: Semiconducting nanowires (NW) are implemented as the active channel of field effect transistor (FET) with linear and Schottky barrier source and drain contacts. Thermally activated axial intrusion of nickel silicides into the silicon NW from pre-patterned Ni reservoirs is used in the formation of nickel silicide/silicon contacts in SiNW FETs. In the present work, the kinetics of nickel silicide axial growth in SiNWs was analyzed in the framework of the model taking into account the balance between transition of Ni atoms from the Ni reservoir to the NW surface, diffusion transport of these Ni atoms from the contact area to the interfaces between different silicides and nickel silicide/Si interface, and corresponding reactions of Ni atoms with Si and the nickel silicides formed. Simultaneous growth of mono-and nickel rich silicide was described for different kinetic and geometrical parameters of the system. Critical parameters for transition from the linear to the parabolic dependences were introduced. The model was applied to the experimental results on nickel silicide growth in SiNWs of 25÷50 nm in diameters in a temperature range of 300÷440C°. The silicide intrusions were obtained by annealing of SiNWs with pre-patterned Ni electrodes in a rapid thermal annealing machine under nitrogen atmosphere for different temperatures and times up to 120 s. In most cases the intrusions consisted of two nickel silicides, Ni-rich and mono-silicide NiSi, as was confirmed by TEM and measuring the electrical resistance of the SiNW after full silicidation. The total intrusion length, L, and particular silicide lengths, showed various time dependences, from a linear (with low growth rates (1÷4nm/s)) to a square root, diffusion-type dependence (with higher rates (10÷15 nm/s)). This behavior is well described by the model developed.
Authors: A. Katsman, Hans Jürgen Grabke, L. Levin, T. Werber
Authors: Hans Jürgen Grabke, M. Steinhorst, M.W. Brumm, B. Wagemann, V.K. Tolygo, I. Rommerskirchen, A. Katsman
Authors: A. Katsman, Menachem Bamberger
Abstract: Extensive research work was devoted to Mg-based alloys strengthened by precipitation hardening. In this framework, the Mg-Zn-Sn system was considered a promising candidate for a creep resistant Mg-alloy. Small additions of alloying elements forming high temperature phases (HTP) were used to improve the structural stability of the Mg-Zn-Sn alloy. Phase formation during solidification was analyzed using thermodynamic calculations. The influence of HTP-particles on stabilization of sub-grain boundary structure was found to be of great importance in improving structural stability of the alloys at elevated temperatures. Mechanisms of precipitation hardening were investigated using the modified Langer-Schwartz model calibrated for Mg-Zn-Sn alloys.
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