Papers by Author: A. Timmer

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Authors: Fritz Klocke, A. Timmer, F. Schongen
Abstract: During cold-forming operations the formability of the materials can be reached due to the low process temperature, leading to crack initiation. For the investigated case-hardening steel 16MnCrS5 longitudinal cracks and shear cracks are identified as the main crack types. The evolution of both crack types is determined by scanning electron microscope (SEM)-investigations and a simplified finite element method (FEM)-model. The results reveal that the initiation point of shear cracks is located at the surface. In contrast thereto longitudinal cracks emanate from second phase particles in the rim zone.
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