Papers by Author: Anthony D. Rollett

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Authors: C. M. Hefferan, S. F. Li, J. Lind, Ulrich Lienert, Anthony D. Rollett, R.M. Suter
Abstract: We have used high energy x-ray diffraction microscopy (HEDM) to study annealing behavior in high purity aluminum. In-situ measurements were carried out at Sector 1 of the Advanced Photon Source. The microstructure in a small sub-volume of a 1 mm diameter wire was mapped in the as-received state and after two differential anneals. Forward modeling analysis reveals three dimensional grain structures and internal orientation distributions inside grains. The analysis demonstrates increased ordering with annealing as well as persistent low angle internal boundaries. Grains that grow from disordered regions are resolution limited single crystals. Together with this recovery behavior, we observe subtle motions of some grain boundaries due to annealing.
Authors: Anthony D. Rollett
Authors: Anthony D. Rollett, U.F. Kocks
Authors: Anthony D. Rollett
Abstract: A theory for abnormal grain growth (AGG) in polycrystalline materials is revisited and extended in order to predict AGG in textured polycrystals. The motivation for the work is to improve our understanding of the origins of the Goss texture component, {110}<001>, during annealing of Fe-Si sheet. Since the AGG phenomenon in grain-oriented electrical steels is known to be dependent on the presence of a dispersion of fine second phase particles, the grain boundary properties are treated as representative of the homogenized behavior of the material, and not necessarily the properties that would be measured directly. The predictions of AGG are presented in the form of maps in Euler space, showing which texture components are most likely to grow abnormally. For different models of grain boundary properties applied to a theoretically derived texture, different sets of texture components are predicted to grow; neither model, however, predicts growth of the Goss component.
Authors: Sheng Yu Wang, Anthony D. Rollett
Abstract: The subgrain structure of hot rolled aluminum alloy AA 5005 has been characterized on as-received samples using Electron Backscatter Diffraction (EBSD). Based on the OIM scans of RD-ND and TD-ND, 3 dimensional microstructures of subgrains are built up using the 3D Microstructure Builder, which is a method for developing statistically representative digital representations of microstructures. Following the generation of microstructure, different textures were fit to these reconstructed 3D microstructures, based on individual components such as Brass and S textures. For this study, the Brass texture was chosen as an exemplary case. Monte Carlo simulation was used to model subgrain coarsening and visualization was a key to detecting abnormal grain growth. The main objective is to understand the circumstances under which we can expect abnormal (sub-)grain growth to lead to nucleation of recrystallization.
Authors: Anthony D. Rollett, Abhijit P. Brahme, C.G. Roberts
Abstract: The study of microstructural evolution in polycrystalline materials has been active for many decades so it is interesting to illustrate the progress that has been made and to point out some remaining challenges. Grain boundaries are important because their long-range motion controls evolution in many cases. We have some understanding of the essential features of grain boundary properties over the five macroscopic degrees of freedom. Excess free energy, for example, is dominated by the two surfaces that comprise the boundary although the twist component also has a non-negligible influence. Mobility is less well defined although there are some clear trends for certain classes of materials such as fcc metals. Computer simulation has made a critical contribution by showing, for example, that mobility exhibits an intrinsic crystallographic anisotropy even in the absence of impurities. At the mesoscopic level, we now have rigorous relationships between geometry and growth rates for individual grains in three dimensions. We are in the process of validating computer models of grain growth against 3D non-destructive measurements. Quantitative modeling of recrystallization that includes texture development has been accomplished in several groups. Other properties such as corrosion resistance are being related quantitatively to microstructure. There remain, however, numerous challenges. Despite decades of study, we still do not have complete cause-and-effect descriptions of most cases of abnormal grain growth. The response of nanostructured materials to annealing can lead to either unexpected resistance to coarsening, or, coarsening at unexpectedly low temperatures. General process models for recrystallization that can be applied to industrial alloys remain elusive although significant progress has been made for the specific case of aluminum alloy processing. Thin films often exhibit stagnation of grain growth that we do not fully understand, as well as abnormal grain growth. Grain boundaries respond to driving forces in more complicated ways than we understood. Clearly many exciting challenges remain in grain growth and recrystallization.
Authors: Jae Hyung Cho, Jong Soo Cho, Jung Tak Moon, J. Lee, Young Hee Cho, Anthony D. Rollett, Kyu Hwan Oh
Authors: Anthony D. Rollett, Francis Wagner, Nathalie Allain-Bonasso, David P. Field, Ricardo A. Lebensohn
Abstract: We examine the relationship between local gradients in orientation, which are quantified with the Kernel Average Misorientation, and the grain boundary network in an interstitial-free steel sheet, before and after 12% tensile strain. A portion of the unstrained microstructure is used as input to a full-field spectral viscoplastic code that simulates the same deformation. The orientation gradients are concentrated near grain boundaries in both experiments and simulation. Mapping out stress gradients in the simulation suggests that the development of orientation gradients is strongly correlated with such gradients.
Authors: M.C. Gao, Jason Gruber, Anthony D. Rollett, Andrew P. Kuprat
Abstract: The current study aims to improve our fundamental understanding of solute segregation and solute drag on migrating grain boundaries (GB) in three dimensions. Computer simulation combines finite difference and finite element methods. An exemplary case study is reported, in which a spherical grain is embedded inside a cubic grain and shrinks as a result of motion by curvature, as a preliminary to modeling grain growth in single phase materials. The results agree qualitatively with literature studies in 1-D.
Authors: Minh Son Pham, Anthony D. Rollett, Adam Creuziger, Mark Iadicola, Tim Foecke
Abstract: A latent hardening model based on binary junction-induced hardening can effectively describe the anisotropy measured in multiaxial tests. However, this approach still has some descriptive and predictive limitations. Recent findings show that binary junctions generated by interactions of pairs of dislocations can only induce short-term hardening effect due to the unzipping process of binary junctions. By contrast, multi-junctions, which are formed via multiple interactions of dislocations, can exert a strong and enduring influence on the hardening of polycrystals. In this study, we extend the modeling of dislocation junctions from the binary to multi-junctions, and implement this evolution into a self-consistent visco-plastic model. An application of this model for predicting the yield surface and texture evolution of AA5754 during uniaxial and plane strain loadings is given as a demonstration of the capabilities of the evolutionary binary-multi junction approach.
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