Papers by Author: Atsuo Ito

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Authors: Kazuhiro Fujikawa, Shinsuke Harada, Atsuo Ito, Tsunenobu Kimoto, Hiroyuki Matsunami
Authors: Gaku Tamazawa, Atsuo Ito, Takahiro Miyai, Tomonori Matsuno, Yu Sogo, Tazuko Satoh
Abstract: A composite of co-polymer of lactic and glycolic acids (PLGA) loaded with gatifloxacine (GFLX), an antibiotics, and a β-tricalcium phosphate (βTCP) porous ceramic body was prepared by a solvent-free process in which no toxic solvent was used. The GFLX-loaded PLGA released GFLX for 8 weeks in Hanks’ balanced solution. The inhibitory zone diameter (26.25±0.95 mm) for GFLX-containing PLGA disk against S. milleri was significantly larger than 18 mm, and comparable to that (24.88±1.6 mm) for the KB paper disk containing 5 μg of GFLX/disk. This means that the GFLX-containing PLGA has the clinical efficacy. The molten PLGA containing GFLX was successfully loaded in the pores and on the surface of the porous βTCP ceramic at 120 °C at a reduced pressure of 0.02 MPa. The composite of GFLX-loaded porous βTCP ceramic would be promising for treating osteomyelitis.
Authors: Yasutaka Yamada, Atsuo Ito, Hiroko Kojima, Masataka Sakane, Shumpei Miyakawa, Toshimasa Uemura, Racquel Z. LeGeros
Abstract: Osteoclasts isolated from rabbits were cultured on zinc-containing tricalcium phosphate (ZnTCP) disks with zinc contents of 0.316 and 0.633 wt%, and on β-tricalcium phosphate (TCP) disks with nearly identical porosities, grain sizes and surface roughnesses. ZnTCPs directly suppressed the resorption activity of mature osteoclasts by enhancing apoptosis. We hypothesized that resorbing osteoclasts attached to ZnTCP locally accumulate zinc ions within the space defined by the clear zone during resorption, which in turn leads to apoptosis induction, even though the change in chemical composition of the culture medium is very small.
Authors: Ayako Oyane, Koji Hyodo, Masaki Uchida, Yu Sogo, Atsuo Ito
Abstract: An ethylene-vinyl alcohol copolymer (EVOH) film with a laminin–apatite composite layer on its surface showed improved adhesion and compatibility to living epithelial tissue compared to untreated EVOH film. This result can be attributed to the good biocompatibility of apatite and the cell-adhesion activity of the laminin on the EVOH surface. This composite material, consisting of laminin, apatite, and EVOH, is considered a promising material for skin terminals to prevent epidermal downgrowth.
Authors: Subhadip Bodhak, Masanori Kikuchi, Ayako Oyane, Yu Sogo, Hideo Tsurushima, Atsuo Ito
Abstract: Calcium phosphate (CaP) coating is an effective technique for surface functionalization of biomaterials. The objective of our research is to prepare calcium phosphate (CaP) coatings on a hydroxyapatite/collagen (HAp/Col) nanocomposite and subsequently provide it with gene delivery function through the immobilization of DNA in the coating. We have specifically selected the HAp/Col nanocomposite since it has the high potential as bone substitutes due to its similar composition, nanostructure, and biological properties to those of human bone. CaP coatings consisting of different sized particles were prepared on the HAp/Col nanocomposite membrane by immersing it in supersaturaterd CaP solutions (so-called RKM solutions) with the varied Ca and P concentration levels. We immobilized DNA in the CaP coatings together with lipid and fibronectin by supplementing DNA, lipid, and fibronectin to the RKM solutions (DLF-RKM solutions). Gene transfer capability of the resulting HAp/Col nanocomposite membrane was improved with decreasing concentration level of the DLF-RKM solution. It was confirmed that the present CaP coating technique was effective in providing the HAp/Col nanocomposite membrane with gene transfer capability and that the Ca and P concentration level of the DLF-RKM solution was a controlling factor affecting the gene transfer efficiency.
Authors: Yu Sogo, Yuusuke Ishikawa, Nao Kondo, Eiji Uchimura, Ayako Oyane, Tadao Ohno, Atsuo Ito, Atsushi Yamazaki
Abstract: Fibronectin (FN) and type I collagen (Col), which are kinds of extracelluar matrices, were coprecipitated with calcium phosphate to form a composite layer on a hydroxyapatite (HAP) ceramic using a supersaturated calcium phosphate solution (CP solution). The amounts of protein immobilized in the layers were determined to be 20.97±3.04 µg·cm-2 for FN, 5.26±0.19 µg·cm-2 for Col and 21.72±2.30 µg·cm-2 for simultaneously immobilized FN and Col. When osteoblastic MC3T3-E1 cells were cultured on the HAP ceramics with the composite layer containing FN and/or Col, calcified tissue was formed through the activity of the cells. The result showed that the composite layer accelerated the differentiation of MC3T3-E1 to bone-forming cells. It is assumed that osteoblastic cells in alveolar bone migrated and differentiated on the surface of the tooth roots when the artificial tooth roots were covered with the composite layer.
Authors: Yuusuke Ishikawa, Nao Kondo, Yu Sogo, Atsuo Ito, Eiji Uchimura, Ayako Oyane, Tadao Ohno, Atsushi Yamazaki, Takashi Ushida, Katsuko S. Furukawa
Abstract: Fibronectin (FN)-apatite composite layers were formed on a hydroxyapatite (HAP) ceramic using supersaturated calcium phosphate (CP) solutions. The surface roughness of the composite layer could be controllable by changing the magnesium (Mg) concentration in the CP solution. The higher the Mg concentration, the smaller the apatite crystals in the layer were. The thickness of the layer formed in the CP solution containing 1.5 mM Mg decreased to 68% that formed in the Mg-free CP solution. The amount of FN immobilized in the layer was almost constant regardless of Mg concentration in the CP solution in the range from 0 to 1.5 mM. The results of the present study revealed that a thin FN-apatite composite layer with a smooth surface and a high protein content is formed in a CP solution at a Mg concentration of 1.5 mM.
Authors: Ishikawa Kunio, Y. Miyamoto, T. Toh, Tetsuya Yuasa, Atsuo Ito, M. Nagayama, Kiyoshi Suzuki
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