Papers by Author: Atsushi Sugino

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Authors: Takashi Ichibouji, Toshiki Miyazaki, Eiichi Ishida, Masahiro Ashizuka, Atsushi Sugino, Chikara Ohtsuki, Koichi Kuramoto
Abstract: Apatite-polymer hybrids are expected as novel bone substitutes exhibiting bone-bonding ability and mechanical performances analogous to those of natural bone. In this study, we attempted preparation of organic-inorganic hybrids from different pectins such as pectic acid, apple-derived pectin and citrus-derived pectin through apatite deposition in simulated body fluid (SBF). Pectin gels were prepared by CaCl2 treatment of aqueous solutions of pectin. Apatite-forming ability of the gels was examined in SBF. The citrus-derived pectin showed tendency to form the largest amount of the apatite in SBF.
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Authors: Atsushi Sugino, Toshiki Miyazaki, Chikara Ohtsuki
Abstract: Development of the organic-inorganic hybrids composed of apatite crystals and organic polymer is expected to be an attractive material that has mechanical properties similar to natural bone as well as bone-bonding ability, i.e. bioactivity. It is reported that the carboxyl groups (-COOH) on the surfaces of the organic substrates act as a catalyst for induction of heterogeneous nucleation of apatite. The present authors previously showed that the apatite was successfully deposited on the polyglutamic acid gels containing abundant carboxyl groups through the biomimetic process, when they were priorly treated with calcium chloride solution. In this study, we fabricated the polyglutamic acid gels with different degree of cross-linking. Effect of the cross-linking on their ability of the apatite formation was examined in simulated body fluid (SBF). It was suggested that the apatite deposition on the polyglutamic acid gels is governed not only by the amount of –COOH that induces the heterogeneous nucleation of the apatite, but also by swelling property that controls local increase in degree of supersaturation with respect to the apatite.
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Authors: Chikara Ohtsuki, Toshiki Miyazaki, Atsushi Sugino, Masao Tanihara, A. Mori, Koichi Kuramoto
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Authors: Chikara Ohtsuki, Toshiki Miyazaki, Atsushi Sugino, Masao Tanihara, A. Mori, Koichi Kuramoto
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Authors: Atsushi Sugino, Keita Uetsuki, Kanji Tsuru, Satoshi Hayakawa, Chikara Ohtsuki, Akiyoshi Osaka
Abstract: Apatite formation on the surface of materials in body environment is an essential condition to show osteoconduction after implantation in bony defects. This study reports the novel technique for providing the apatite-forming ability to titanium metals by only controlling the spatial gap and thermal oxidation. Two pieces of titanium thermally oxidized at 400 °C were set together like V-letter with varied mouth opening. They showed the formation of apatite on both facing surface after exposure to a simulated body fluid (SBF) proposed by Kokubo and his colleagues, when the gap was less than approximately 600 μm. Moreover, specimens with micro-grooves of 500 μm in depth and 200-1000 μm in width was able to form apatite in SBF with in 7 days, after they were thermally oxidized at 400 oC. These results indicated that the titanium metals were provided with apatite-forming ability, i.e. osteoconduction, due to controlled gap with thermally oxidized surface. Hence, we conclude that bioactive titanium substrate showing osteoconduction can be produced by designed machining followed by thermal oxidation at an appropriate temperature.
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Authors: Takashi Ichibouji, Toshiki Miyazaki, Eiichi Ishida, Masahiro Ashizuka, Atsushi Sugino, Chikara Ohtsuki, Koichi Kuramoto
Abstract: Natural bone is a kind of organic-inorganic hybrid composed of collagen and apatite crystals with a structure that provides specific mechanical properties such as high fracture toughness and flexibility. Materials exhibiting both high flexibility and bioactivity similar to natural bone are required for novel bone-repairing materials in medical fields. We expect that we can design such materials by mimicking the bone structure. Biomimetic process has been paid much attention where bone-like apatite is deposited on organic polymers in simulated body fluid (SBF). In this study, we investigated influence of cross-linking agents on apatite-forming ability of pectin gels. Pectin is a polysaccharide abundant in carboxyl group. Pectin gels were prepared by cross-linking of pectin aqueous solutions with calcium ions or divinylsulfone (DVS). Apatite-forming ability of the gels was examined in SBF. The citrus-derived pectin showed tendency to form the largest amount of the apatite independent on a kind of cross-linking agents in SBF.
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Authors: Atsushi Sugino, Toshiki Miyazaki, Chikara Ohtsuki, Masao Tanihara, Koichi Kuramoto
Abstract: Natural bone has excellent mechanical properties such as high fracture toughness and high flexibility. These properties are achieved by specific microstructure of natural bone that is composed of the organic collagen and inorganic apatite. On the basis of these findings, apatite-polymer hybrids are expected as novel bone substitutes having excellent mehcanical performances and high bone-bonding ability, i.e. bioactivity. In this study, we attempted preparation of apatite-polyglutamic acid hybrids through biomimetic process that mimics the principle of biomineralization. Simple chemical modification of the polyglutamic acid gel with 1 M (= mol/L) calcium chloride solution provided the gel with apatite-forming ability in simulated body fluid (SBF, Kokubo solution). This type of hybrid is also useful for designing bioactive bone substitutes with injectability, since viscosity of the polyglutamic acid gel can be easily controlled according to degree of cross-linking.
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