Papers by Author: Barbora Bártová

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Authors: Pavel Novák, Dalibor Vojtěch, Jan Šerák, Michal Novák, Barbora Bártová
Abstract: The aim of this work was to describe the mechanism and kinetics of plasma nitriding of a Nb-containing PM (powder metallurgy) tool steel. Material containing 2.5 wt.% C, 3.3% Si, 6.2% Cr, 2.2% Mo, 2.6% V, 2.6% Nb and 1.0% W was prepared by nitrogen melt atomization and hot isostatic pressing. Heat-treated steel (quenching from 1100 °C, triple tempering at 550 °C for 1h) was plasma nitrided at temperatures ranging from 470 °C to 530 °C / 30 - 180 min. Light microscopy, TEM, SEM and WDS were used to study the nitrided steel. It has been shown, that nitriding at 470°C leads to the formation of thin layers composed only of a diffusion zone containing nitrogen-rich martensite and fine nitride precipitates, no layer of nitrides is formed on the surface. Nitriding is probably controlled by the nitrogen diffusion in martensite to the material or by the processes in the nitriding atmosphere at this temperature. Nitriding at the temperature of 500°C and more leads to the formation of a continuous layer of nitrides and carbonitrides on the surface that limits further nitrogen diffusion. Niobium, as a prospective element in tool steels, was not found to play a role in the formation of the nitrided layer directly. Niobium replaces vanadium in very thermodynamically stable primary MC carbides. This results in higher vanadium content in others less stable carbides and in the matrix. Due to this effect, higher portion of vanadium can precipitate as VC carbides and VN nitrides during heat treatment and nitriding, respectively.
Authors: Barbora Bártová, Jan Verner, Dalibor Vojtěch, A. Gemperle, M. Čerňanský
Abstract: The paper reports on a detailed investigation of microstructure and phase composition of rapidly solidified and annealed AlNi18.5 and AlNi17Zr1.8 ribbons. The ribbons were prepared by the melt spinning (planar flow casting) technique. The microstructure and phase composition have been studied by TEM and XRD. The specimens were annealed and subsequently subjected to microstructure investigations to asses their thermal stability. Rapidly solidified alloys are composed of a-Al and Al3Ni phase grains. No significant difference in the shape between Al and Al3Ni grains was found. The Al9Ni2 metastable phase was identified in the rapidly solidified AlNi17Zr1.8 alloy and the Al3Zr phase precipitates from the a-Al solid solution in the AlNi17Zr1.8 alloy after the high temperature annealing.
Authors: Dalibor Vojtěch, Jan Verner, Barbora Bártová, Karel Saksl
Abstract: Rapidly solidified (RS) Al-TM (TM = transition metal) alloys are perspective materials from scientific, as well as technological point of view. Generally, they are produced by the melt atomization or by the melt spinning. Subsequent compaction is commonly performed by the hot extrusion. Since transition metals, such as Cr, Fe, Ni, Zr, Ti, Mn and others, have low diffusion coefficients in solid aluminium (lower by several orders of magnitude than those of common alloying elements like Cu, Si, Mg, Zn etc.) the RS Al-TM alloys are characterized by a high thermal stability. In this paper, several RS Al-TM (TM = Cr, Fe, Ti, Mn, Ni) alloys prepared by the melt spinning and melt atomization are compared to commercially available 2xxx, 6xxx and 7xxx wrought alloys. The main structural features of both RS and wrought alloys are described. The RS alloys are characterized by the presence of micro and nano-scale crystalline and/or quasi-crystalline phases and supersaturated solid solutions. The elevated-temperature behaviour is compared for both groups of materials. The thermal stability of the investigated materials is determined by room temperature hardness measurements after various annealing regimes and a high thermal stability of the RS alloys is demonstrated. The microstructural changes and phase transformations occurring in the investigated materials upon heating are described. In the Al-TM alloys, very slow decomposition of the supersaturated solid solutions, precipitation and decomposition of the metastable quasi-crystalline phases occur.
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