Papers by Author: Carsten Blawert

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Authors: Carsten Blawert, Emma D. Morales, Wolfgang Dietzel, Karl Ulrich Kainer
Abstract: Thixocasting is a new semi-solid processing route for magnesium alloys; it is claimed that finer microstructures can be produced and as a consequence, better corrosion resistance can be achieved. Therefore, it is of great interest to compare the corrosion properties of two Mg-Zn-RE alloys produced by standard squeeze casting and new semi-solid casting technique. The influence of the two different processing routes and the replacement of rare earth elements by Ca additions on the corrosion behavior were studied in NaCl aqueous solutions by (a) analyzing the corrosion morphology, (b) measuring electrochemical polarization curves, and (c) carrying immersion tests at constant pH-value. Using light microscopy, scanning electron microscopy and X-ray diffraction, the corrosion results were related to the microstructures on the specific alloys. The results indicate that Ca cannot replace rare earth elements under corrosion aspects, but they also showed that the thixocasting process resulted in better corrosion resistance.
Authors: Carsten Blawert, V. Heitmann, Wolfgang Dietzel, M. Störmer, Y. Bohne, Stephan Mändl, B. Rauschenbach
Abstract: The range of applications for magnesium alloys is still limited due to their relatively poor corrosion behavior. In recent years, various new magnesium alloys were developed, some of them with improved corrosion properties, thus opening new fields of application. However, the number of alloying elements for the use in conventional cast processes is limited due to their interaction with liquid magnesium, other alloying elements or large differences in the melting temperatures. The possibilities for grain refinement by post-processing are also restricted. PVD techniques can help to produce supersaturated precipitation free and microcrystalline magnesium layers. Using ion beam and magnetron sputtering, binary or ternary Mg-Al, Mg-Ti and Mg-Sn alloy systems as well as standard alloys (AM50, AZ91 and AE42) were deposited on silicon and on magnesium substrates. The effect of the microstructure on the corrosion properties was studied by comparing as cast material and PVD coatings using potentiodynamic polarization, linear polarization resistance, and electrochemical impedance techniques.
Authors: A.K. Mondal, Subodh Kumar, Carsten Blawert, Narendra B. Dahotre
Abstract: A creep resistant Mg alloy MRI 230D was subjected to laser surface treatment using Nd:YAG laser equipped with a fiber optics beam delivery system in argon atmosphere. The laser surface treatment produced a fine dendritic microstructure and this treatment was beneficial for the corrosion and wear resistance of the alloy. Long-term linear polarisation resistance and Electrochemical Impedance Spectroscopy measurements confirmed that the polarisation resistance values of laser treated material were twice as high as that for the untreated material. This improved behaviour was due to the finer and more homogenous microstructure of the laser treated surface. The laser treatment also increased surface hardness two times and reduced the wear rate by 25% due to grain refinement and solid solution strengthening.
Authors: Daniel Fechner, Carsten Blawert, Norbert Hort, Karl Ulrich Kainer
Abstract: The increasing use of heat resistant magnesium alloys for automotive applications is expected to influence the chemical composition of upcoming post consumer scrap. Therefore it would be useful to define alloys that resemble the future composition of the material. For this purpose a matrix of potential recycling systems has been set up. AM50 was used as a base material to which decisive amounts of strontium, silicon and calcium were added. The basic heat resistant alloy systems AJ, AS, and AX have been investigated closely. This work deals with combinations of the three above mentioned elements. Some essential observations shall be presented concerning the development of the microstructure and its influence on the materials properties. For combined additions of strontium, silicon and calcium the formation of a new ternary phase has been observed. The compound has a positive influence on the fracture elongation and the corrosion rate in the salt spray test.
Authors: Amanda L. Bowles, Hajo Dieringa, Carsten Blawert, Norbert Hort, Karl Ulrich Kainer
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