Papers by Author: Chang Sung Seok

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Authors: Hao Chuang Li, Kwang Hyeon Lee, Jae Mean Koo, Chang Sung Seok
Abstract: Tensile and fracture toughness tests of coolant piping materials were performed at various loading rates and temperatures. The crack measurement method for coolant piping materials consisted of the unloading compliance method for quasi-static loading conditions and condition, while the electric potential drop method and the normalization method for quasi-dynamic loading conditions. Tensile and fracture toughness tests of coolant piping materials were performed at the design temperatures of the primary piping system of nuclear power plants, which are 449K (176°C) and 589K (316°C). Also, the plastic η factor considering strength mismatch of welding part was applied to the fracture toughness test results and the J-R curves by the plastic η factor considering strength mismatch of welding part was compared with the J-R curves by the plastic η factor introduced in ASTM E1820-01.
Authors: Dong Keun Lee, Jeong Min Lee, Jae Mean Koo, Chang Sung Seok, Jae Won Kim
Abstract: A gas turbine blade operates under severe conditions including high temperature, high speed rotation, and frequent starts and shutdowns. Under such operating conditions, a blade is exposed to a thermo mechanical fatigue environment. These conditions shorten the life of the turbine parts and reduce the reliability of the gas turbine. Therefore, research on the characteristics of blade material is necessary. In this study, thermo-mechanical fatigue (TMF) tests were conducted for IN738LC, which is base a material for turbine blades. Tests were conducted under both the IP (in-phase) and OP (out of-phase) conditions, and tests results were compared in terms of fatigue life. After obtaining the ε-N curves, additional TMF tests were conducted according to variations in fatigue life. The purpose of the TMF test is to observe the change in mechanical properties of materials damaged during TMF and how these relate to fatigue life. For this purpose, an indentation test was conducted and the relationship between hardness and fatigue life were obtained.
Authors: Hong Sun Park, Hyung Ick Kim, Yong Huh, Moon Young Kim, Sang Yeol Park, Jae Mean Koo, Chang Sung Seok
Abstract: The Ni-based superalloy Inconel 718 (IN-718) was developed in the 1950s and is currently used for several critical gas turbine components due to its good balance of mechanical properties. Because of its stable mechanical properties at high temperature, the alloy is used for turbine bolts. The mechanical properties of in-service facilities are required to maintain safety operation in power plants. Ultrasonic tests, tensile tests and hardness tests were performed to evaluate the degree of the material degradation of Inconel 718. The mechanical properties decreased as degraded, but the longitudinal velocity of the ultrasonic signal increased. Also, the microstructure of the degraded Inconel 718 was to study the relationship between the result from ultrasonic test and the results from destructive methods.
Authors: Soo Park, Hui Hwan Kwon, Jae Mean Koo, Chang Sung Seok, Du Han Jung, Jin Yong Mo
Abstract: Mechanical structures with power sources experience repeated force produced by motors. As a result, the life of the pipes reduces and ultimately, the pipes collapse. In most cases, the U-shape pipe is made from a straight pipe by complicated bending work. During this work process, plastic deformation of the pipe produces residual stress in the pipe. The residual stress significantly affects the fracture behavior of the pipe. In this paper, fatigues tests of U-shape bending pipe are performed by uniaxial testing machine and residual stresses were evaluated by FEM analysis. So we established the relation between residual stress and fatigue life. And we suggested new equation for fatigue life prediction using the residual stress of U-shape bending pipe.
Authors: Yong Seok Kim, Dong Keun Lee, Jeong Min Lee, Hyun Woo Song, Sung Hyuk Kim, Jae Mean Koo, Chang Sung Seok, Myoung Rae Cho
Abstract: Thermal barrier coating. Thermal fatigue. Exposure time. Thermal fatigue test is one of the most widely used method to evaluate the durability of thermal barrier coating (TBC). However, thermal fatigue test can be concluded in totally different results according to the test variations. Especially, Exposure time of thermal fatigue test can affect the delamination life cycle of TBC. In this study, using the same test equipment which Kim et al. used, thermal fatigue tests were performed with different holding time at high temperature, and the test results by Kim et al. and those by this study were compared. In addition, delamination map was come to perfection from the test results to define more accurate thermal fatigue life.
Authors: Yoon Suk Chang, Jong Min Kim, Chang Sung Seok, Jae Boong Choi, Young Jin Kim
Abstract: The present work deals with an applicability of the local approach to assess in-plane size effects among different sized compact tension (CT) specimens. To characterize ductile crack growth of typical nuclear materials, SA515 Gr.60 and SA516 Gr.70 carbon steels, finite element analyses employing modified GTN and Rousselier models as well as fracture toughness tests were carried out. Material damage parameters were calibrated using standard CT specimens and reflected to predict fracture resistance (J-R) curves of larger CT specimens. Since comparison results between numerically estimated J-R curves and experimentally determined ones corresponded well, it is anticipated that the local approach might be used as a promising tool for ductile fracture evaluation incorporating the in-plane size effect.
Authors: Seung Baek, Se June Parks, Kwang Real Lee, Chang Sung Seok
Abstract: A-C: H (Hydrogenated amorphous carbon) diamond like carbon(DLC) film is the low stabilities of chemical and mechanical properties at high temperatures. Some researchers reported that Raman spectra shown significant conversion of DLC films to nano-crystalline graphite on heating in ambient air at temperatures above 300°C and conversion to nano-crystalline graphite was completed by 450~600°C In this study, DLC films(thickness : 1.5-m) were deposited on p-type (100) silicon films by using C6H6 and C6H14 plasma produced with a 13.6MHz RF source. To investigate the mechanical stability of DLC films below 250°C, we thermally aged the films for different aging temperatures (150°C, 200°C, 250°C) and times (0: virgin, 120, 240, 360 hours). By using indentation test and Raman spectra analyses, it has been found that the H3/E2 decreases with increasing I(D)/I(G) ratio. Also we confirmed that sample-2(precursor gas: C6H14) had better mechanical characteristic and thermal stability than the sample-1(precursor gas: C6H6).
Authors: Sung Keun Cho, Jung Hun Choi, Young Min Lee, Chang Sung Seok
Abstract: In this study, we performed thermal stress analyses on a ventilated disk brake with a 3D model for two cases (whether the pressure distribution on a contact surface is uniform or not). A pressure distribution analysis was performed to determine the pressure distribution on the contact surface. Then, by using the results that were obtained from the pressure distribution analyses, we performed thermal stress analyses. Finally, we have found the spots where the maximum thermal stresses occur. Also, for the life evaluation of a disk brake, we have conducted the fatigue test and obtained the S-N curve. From those results, we evaluated the life of a disk brake.
Authors: Jung Hun Choi, Jong Hyun Baek, Dae Jin Kim, Jae Mean Koo, Chang Sung Seok
Abstract: In case of large steel water pipe, it have been observed that its fracture mostly occurs due to the complicated outside fatigue load on the pipe in the underground. It is also well known that its damage and leakage happen mainly in a weld zone. In this study we evaluated the fatigue characteristics based on size effect and residual stress by comparing the test results on the standard specimen collected from real pipe with those on full scale pipe.
Authors: Yong Huh, Sung Keun Cho, Hyung Ick Kim, Chang Sung Seok
Abstract: In this study, the plastic η -factors of the SA508Cl.1a narrow-gap welding part, which is used for the primary piping system in a nuclear power plant were obtained by using finite element analysis and the modified fracture toughness testing method was suggested for the narrow-gap welding part. Also, we have performed the fracture toughness test for the SA508Cl.1a narrow-gap welding part by applying the new testing method and then we compared the results with those from the ASTM fracture toughness test.
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