Papers by Author: D.M. Lee

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Authors: Dong Choul Cho, Cheol Ho Lim, D.M. Lee, Seung Y. Shin, Chung Hyo Lee
Abstract: The n-type thermoelectric materials of Bi2Te2.7Se0.3 doped with SbI3 were prepared by spark plasma sintering technique. The powders were ball-milled in an argon and air atmosphere. Then, powders were reduced in H2 atmosphere. Effects of oxygen content on the thermoelectric properties of Bi2Te2.7Se0.3 compounds have been investigated. Seebeck coefficient, electrical resistivity and thermal conductivity of the sintered compound were measured at room temperature. It was found that the effect of atmosphere during the powder production was remarkable and thermoelectric properties of sintered compound were remarkably improved by H2 reduction of starting powder. The obtained maximum figure of merit was 2.4 x 10-3/K.
Authors: D.M. Lee, Cheol Ho Lim, Dong Choul Cho, Seung Y. Shin, Won Seung Cho
Abstract: N-type Bi2Te3 based thermoelectric compound was prepared by spark plasma sintering with a temperature range of 340~460°C and powder size of ~75㎛, 76~150㎛, 151~250㎛. Thermoelectric properties of the compound were measured as a function of the sintering temperature and powder size. With increasing sintering temperature, the electrical resistivity and thermal conductivity of the compound greatly changed because of the increase in relative density. The Seebeck coefficient and electrical resistivity were varied largely with increasing powder size. Therefore, the compound sintered at 460°C, with the powder of ~75㎛, showed a figure of merit of 2.44 x 10-3/K. Also, the bending strength was 75MPa.
Authors: Seung Y. Shin, J.H. Kim, D.M. Lee, Jong K. Lee, H.J. Kim, Ha Guk Jeong, Jung Chan Bae
Abstract: New Cu-based bulk amorphous alloys exhibiting a large supercooled liquid region and good mechanical properties were formed in a quaternary Cu-Ni-Zr-Ti systems consisting of only metallic elements. The compositional range for the formation of the amorphous alloys that have high glass forming ability (GFA) (> 3 mm diameter) and large supercooled liquid region (> 50 K) is defined in the pseudo-ternary phase diagram Cu-Ni-(Zr, Ti). A bulk amorphous Cu54Ni6Zr22Ti18 alloy with the diameter of 6 mm can be prepared by copper mold casting. The Cu54Ni6Zr22Ti18 alloy shows glass transition temperature (Tg) of 712 K, crystallization temperature (Tx) of 769 K and supercooled liquid region (ΔTx) of 57 K. The Cu54Ni6Zr22Ti18 alloy exhibits high compressive fracture strength of about 2130 MPa with a plastic strain of about 1.5 %. The new Cu-based bulk amorphous alloy with high GFA and good mechanical properties allows us to expect the extension of application fields as a new engineering material.
Authors: Dong Choul Cho, Cheol Ho Lim, Ki Tae Kim, Seung Y. Shin, D.M. Lee, Young Sup Lee, C.H. Lee
Abstract: Thermoelectric properties of the spark plasma sintered n-type Bi2Te2.7Se0.3 compounds were characterized with the sintering temperature, time and hydrogen reduction process. The Seebeck coefficient, electrical resistivity and thermal conductivity were dependent on hydrogen reduction process as well as sintering temperature. The Seebeck coefficient and electrical resistivity decreased and thermal conductivity increased with reduction treatment and sintering temperature. The results suggest that the carrier density varies with the dissolved oxygen and Te vacancies generated during the pulverization process. The highest figure of merit of 3.11×10-3/K was obtained for the compounds spark plasma sintered at 460°C for 16min by using the reduced powders.
Authors: J.K. Lee, H.J. Kim, Taek Soo Kim, D.M. Lee, Seung Y. Shin, Jung Chan Bae
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