Papers by Author: D.V. Savchenko

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Authors: Ekaterina N. Kalabukhova, S.N. Lukin, D.V. Savchenko, W.C. Mitchel, Siegmund Greulich-Weber, Uwe Gerstmann, Andreas Pöppl, J. Hoentsch, E. Rauls, Yurii Rozentzveig, E.N. Mokhov, Mikael Syväjärvi, Rositza Yakimova
Abstract: D-band electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) measurements as well as X and Q-band field-swept Electron Spin Echo (ESE) and pulsed Electron Nuclear Double Resonance (ENDOR) studies were performed on a series of n-type 4H-SiC wafers grown by different techniques including sublimation sandwich method (SSM), physical vapor transport (PVT) and modified Lely method. Depending on the C/Si ratio and the growth temperature the n-type 4H-SiC wafers revealed, besides a triplet due to nitrogen residing on the cubic site (Nc), two nitrogen (N) related EPR spectra with g||=2.0055, g⊥=2.0010 and g||=2.0063, g⊥=2.0005 with different intensities. In the samples with low C/Si ratio the EPR spectrum with g|| =2.0055, g⊥=2.0010 consists of a triplet with low intensity which is tentatively explained as a N-related complex, while in the samples with high C/Si ratio the triplet is transformed into one structureless line of high intensity, which is explained as being due to an exchange interaction between N donors. In the samples grown at low temperature with enhanced carbon concentration the EPR line with g||=2.0063, g⊥=2.0005 and a small hyperfine (hf) interaction dominates the EPR spectrum. It is attributed to N on the hexagonal lattice site. The interpretation of the EPR data is supported by activation energies and donor concentrations obtained from Hall effect measurements for three donor levels in this series of 4H-SiC samples.
Authors: Ekaterina N. Kalabukhova, D.V. Savchenko, Siegmund Greulich-Weber, M.F. Bulanyi, S.A. Omelchenko, O.V. Khmelenko, A.A. Gorban, E.N. Mokhov
Abstract: In this paper, we report on a photoluminescence (PL) and EPR study of several semiinsulating (SI) 4H SiC samples showing the different compensation regimes due to the presence of V4+ and V3+of different concentration. The samples which contain only V3+ indicates the compensation regime NV≅ND-NA>0 with the Fermi level located in the upper half of the band gap. The presence of V4+ along with V3+ in the other two set of samples indicates the SI behavior of the samples with compensation regime NV>NA-ND>0. Considering that the samples revealed EPR spectrum of vanadium V3+, position of the Fermi level should be also in the upper half of the band gap and mixed conductivity could be expected. UD-3 PL spectrum was observed in vanadium doped SI 4H SiC presented in the samples in V3+/V4+ and V4+/V5+ charge states with compensation regime NV>NA-ND>0. The data obtained prove that the PL and EPR are suitable techniques in determination SI yield in SiC crystal.
Authors: Uwe Gerstmann, E. Rauls, Siegmund Greulich-Weber, Ekaterina N. Kalabukhova, D.V. Savchenko, Andreas Pöppl, Francesco Mauri
Abstract: The microscopic origin of the Nx EPR-lines observed in heavily nitrogen doped 4H-SiC and 6H-SiC is discussed with the help of EPR parameters calculated from first principles. Based on the symmetry of the g-tensors we propose a model with distant NC donor pairs on inequivalent lattice sites which are coupled to S=1 centers but with nearly vanishing zero-field splittings, giving rise to an essentially S=1/2 like spectrum. The proposed aggregation in neutral donor pairs can contribute to the saturation of the free concentration observed in heavily nitrogen doped SiC.
Authors: Ekaterina N. Kalabukhova, S.N. Lukin, D.V. Savchenko, W.C. Mitchel, William D. Mitchell
Authors: Ekaterina N. Kalabukhova, S.N. Lukin, D.V. Savchenko, W.C. Mitchel, Siegmund Greulich-Weber, E. Rauls, Uwe Gerstmann
Authors: D.V. Savchenko, Andreas Pöppl, Ekaterina N. Kalabukhova, Siegmund Greulich-Weber, Eva Rauls, Wolf Gero Schmidt, Uwe Gerstmann
Abstract: EPR and ESE in nitrogen doped 4H- and 6H-SiC show besides the well known triplet lines of 14N on quasi-cubic (Nc,k) and hexagonal (Nc,h) sites additional lines (Nx) of comparatively low intensity providing half the hf splitting of Nc,k. Frequently re-interpreted as spin-forbid¬den lines, arising from Nc,k pairs and triads or resulting from hopping conductivity, only re¬cent¬ly the theoretical calculation of the corresponding g-tensors lead to a tentative model of distant NC donor pairs on inequivalent lattice sites which are coupled to S = 1 assuming a fine-struc¬ture splitting too small to be observed in the EPR and ESE experiments. In this work, we pre¬sent ESE nutation measurements confirming S = 1 for the Nx center. Analysing the nutation frequencies in comparison with that of the Nc,k (S = 1/2) spectrum as well as the line width of ESE and EPR spectra we obtain a rough estimate between 5104 cm-1 and 50104 cm-1 for the fine-structure splitting demonstrating efficient spin-coupling between nitrogen donors in 4H-SiC.
Authors: Ekaterina N. Kalabukhova, S.N. Lukin, D.V. Savchenko, A.A. Sitnikov, W.C. Mitchel, S.R. Smith, Siegmund Greulich-Weber
Abstract: The decay kinetics of a persistent photoconductivity (PPC) in undoped semi-insulating 4H SiC and intercenter charge transfer were studied with EPR, photo-EPR and optical admittance spectroscopy (OAS). A thermally activated charge transfer process that occurs in the dark has been observed. The PPC effect was observed directly in changes in the quality factor of the EPR cavity before and after illumination and by the decay of the OAS signal for deep levels, and indirectly by the excitation and decay of the nitrogen and boron EPR lines that were not observed in the dark before illumination. The decay kinetics of the PPC and photo-induced carrier capture by nitrogen and boron levels were found to follow a stretched exponential form. The PPC in the temperature range from 77 to 300K was found to be produced by a thermally induced charge transfer process involving deep trap levels.
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