Papers by Author: E.R. Rwenyagila

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Authors: B. Agyei-Tuffour, E.R. Rwenyagila, J. Asare, O.K. Oyewole, M.G. Zebaze Kana, D.M. O’Carroll, W.O. Soboyejo
Abstract: This paper explored the effects of pressure on contacts between layers of organic photovoltaic cells with poly (3-hexylthiophene):phenyl-C61-butyric acid methyl ester (P3HT:PCBM) as the active layer. The contacts between the layers are modeled using analytical concepts and finite element models. The potential effects of surface roughness and dust particles are modeled along with the effects of lamination pressure and adhesion energy. The results show that, increased pressure is associated with decreased void length or increased contact length. The contacts associated with the interfaces between the active layer and the hole/electron injection layer poly (3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene: poly styrenesulphonate (PEDOT.PSS) and Molybdenum trioxide (MoO3) are also compared. The implications of the results are discussed for the design of stamping/lamination processes for the fabrication of organic photovoltaic cells.
Authors: E.R. Rwenyagila, B. Agyei-Tuffour, M.G.Z. Kana, O. Akin-Ojo, W.O. Soboyejo
Abstract: This work examines the modification of the structural and optical properties of ZnO thin films by control of deposition and post-treatment parameters. ZnO thin films were deposited by RF magnetron sputtering from a ceramic target locally made at SHESTCO in Abuja, Nigeria. X-ray diffraction measurements characterized the different films prior to thermal annealing as extremely amorphous with average UV-VIS transmittance spectra between 80 and 90%. Annealing at different temperatures and time spans influenced the formation of Wurtzite (002) oriented ZnO crystallites. Contrary to the crystallinity of the films, which was strongly influenced by the deposition power, the optical transmission of the films was only slightly influenced by the deposition power and it was less sensitive to the crystallinity of ZnO thin films.
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