Papers by Author: Emanuele Serra

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Authors: Marco Alvisi, Giovanna Galtieri, L. Giorgi, Emanuele Serra, Tiziana Di Luccio, R. Giorgi
Abstract: The proton exchange membrane fuel cells (PEMFC) have been developed mainly as a power source for vehicles, power generation and consumer electronics since they combine high energy conversion efficiency at relatively low temperatures without pollutants emission in the environment. An electrode for a PEMFC is a layered structure composed by a catalyst layer deposited on a porous carbon substrate. The substrate is usually covered by a diffusion layer that enhances the gas and water flow. Platinum nanoparticles supported by carbon microparticles are commonly employed as catalyst layer. In this work an extreme ultra-low loading of Pt catalyst (< 0.02 mg/cm2) has been deposited by magnetron sputtering on gas diffusion electrodes, with different carbon supports (Vulcan and SuperP), in order to enhance the activity of PEM fuel cells. The morphology (shape and grain size) and microstructure have been studied combining field emission scanning electron microscopy (FEG-SEM), grazing incidence synchrotron x-ray diffraction (GIXRD) and x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS). The results presented here concern the evolution of the cluster size and shape after the ageing, induced by cyclic voltammetry for methanol oxidation reaction.
Authors: F. Fabbri, Elisabetta Borsella, M. Carpanese, Roberta Fantoni, R. Caterino, Rosaria D'Amato, Mauro Falconieri, Emanuele Serra
Abstract: Si-nanoparticles (NP) are attracting steadily growing interest due to their intriguing sizedependent optical properties. The most challenging task in preparing Si-NP is to succeed in controlling the particle size and size distribution and the surface properties. To this respect, the method of laser synthesis of Si-NP from gas phase reactants appears as an ideal tool, being a very versatile and controllable synthesis technique, but the collected Si-NP are strongly agglomerated. Here we report on attempts to decrease the agglomeration of the Si NP by following two complementary strategies: - investigation and control of nanoparticle formation and growth during the synthesis process; - dispersion of the agglomerates and termination of the particle surfaces by controlled chemical etching followed by surface passivation and stabilization treatments. The properties of as-prepared and processed Si NP will be presented and discussed.
Authors: Leonardo Esposito, Emanuele Serra, A. Tucci, E. Rastelli
Authors: M. Maja, P. Spinelli, G. Morello, Emanuele Serra
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