Papers by Author: Emmanuelle Rouhaud

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Authors: David Deslaef, Emmanuelle Rouhaud, Shabnam Rasouli-Yazdi
Authors: Jawad Badreddine, Emmanuelle Rouhaud, Matthieu Micoulaut, Sebastien Remy, Vincent Desfontaine, Pierre Renaud
Abstract: This paper presents a 3D model that simulates an ultrasonic shot peening (USP) operation, using realistic process parameters and peening setups (part and chamber geometries). By simulating the shot dynamics (shot trajectories and impacts), statistical and spatial data are obtained for the peened component, i.e. surface coverage and coverage rate, impact speeds and angles, dissipated energy... This data can then be used for i) optimizing the design of peening chambers and process parameters and ii) predicting the residual stress and displacement fields induced by USP in the peened component. In fact, data from the 3D model can be used as initial data in existing residual stress prediction models. A chaining methodology was developed for this purpose and allows linking the choice of process parameters and USP setup to the induced residual stress displacement fields.
Authors: Choumad Ould, Emmanuelle Rouhaud, Manuel François, Jean Louis Chaboche
Abstract: Experimental analysis can be very costly and time consuming when searching for the optimal process parameters of a new shot-peening configuration (new material, new geometry of the part…). The prediction of compressive residual stresses in shot-peened parts has been an active field of research for the past fifteen years and several finite elements models have been proposed. These models, although they give interesting qualitative results, over-estimate, most of the time, the level of the maximal compressive stresses. A better comprehension of the phenomena and of the influence of the parameters used in the model can only carry a notable improvement to the prediction of the stresses. The fact that the loading path is cyclic and is not radial led us to think that a model including kinematic hardening would be better adapted for the modelling of shot peening. In this article we present the results of a simulation of a double impact for several constitutive laws. We study the effect of the chosen constitutive law on the level of residual stresses and, in particular, we show that kinematic hardening, even identified on the same tensile curve than isotropic hardening, leads to lower stress levels as compared with isotropic hardening. Furthermore, the overall shape of the stress distribution within the depth is significantly different for the two types of hardening behaviour. Further, in order to check the modelisations, local measurements were carried on with X-ray diffraction on a large size impact and correlated with the topography of the impact.
Authors: Afaf Maras, Guillaume Montay, Olivier Sicot, Emmanuelle Rouhaud, Manuel François
Abstract: The knowledge of residual stresses allows a reliable prediction of structure performances evolution, such as service life [1-3]. In this paper, we develop a new method for residual stresses determination combining Electronic Speckle Pattern Interferometry (ESPI) with the machining of a groove. The internal stress field is perturbed as the depth of the groove is increased incrementally. The structure finds a new equilibrium state generating displacements which are measured using ESPI. This method was tested on an aluminium alloy AU4G plate treated locally by an ultrasonic shot-peening. The investigation of the images obtained with the phase shifting technique and fringe patterns, makes it possible to analyze, simultaneously, the stress profile along two directions: along the depth of the structure, and along the groove direction.
Authors: Florent Cochennec, Emmanuelle Rouhaud, Delphine Retraint, Sébastien Rouquette, Arjen Roos
Abstract: Shot-peening is a surface treatment widely used in the industry to improve fatigue life of mechanical components by introducing compressive residual stresses. Ultrasonic shot-peening is a recent development of this process. While the classical shot-peening process uses pneumatic energy to project the shots, ultrasonic peening uses high-power ultrasounds. This energy source allows the use of larger shots projected at lower velocity as compared to classical shot-peening. This work aims at studying the mechanical response (restitution coefficient, residual stress field) of a surface impacted by a shot at low velocity using the finite element method and experimental analysis. This paper presents the simulation of a single elastic steel shot normally impacting an Aluminum alloy plate considered to exhibit a linear-elastic behavior and non-linear isotropic work hardening characteristics. The numerical simulations are carried out for different impact velocities in order to take into account the heterogeneous shot velocity field observed in an ultrasonic shot-peening chamber. We compare the simulated rebound energy and the indentation profiles obtained for different impact velocities to experimental results. The simulated residual stress field topology shows a strong dependence on the shot velocity. While numerical results obtained at high impact energy agree well with literature results, the residual stress distribution simulated for low impact energies shows a tensile layer below the impacted area. The restitution coefficients and the indentation profiles compare well with the experiments.
Authors: Donaro Gallitelli, Delphine Retraint, Emmanuelle Rouhaud
Abstract: In this paper the residual stress states induced by conventional shot peening (SP) and surface mechanical attrition treatment (SMAT) are compared. The treated part correspond to plates made of a titanium alloy. Different intensities of these two mechanical treatments are first considered: their influence on the surface characteristics (roughness, hardness...) is studied. These experimental data are then used to develop a model for the residual stress profiles with dimensional analysis, Experimental and analytical approaches are then discussed.
Authors: Emmanuelle Rouhaud, David Deslaef
Authors: Jawhar Elgueder, Lionel Roucoules, Emmanuelle Rouhaud, Florent Cochennec
Abstract: This paper presents an original approach in mechanical design to integrate the manufacturing constraints in the final CAD model. A specific user-interface is proposed to integrate manufacturing constraints (for example tolerances) and manufacturing consequences (for example roughness or hardening) into the model. One of the important consequences of manufacturing processes is the generation of residual stresses into the part. An appropriate tool has been developed and used as a design tool to manage the global evolution of residual stresses in the mechanical part and to obtain the deformed geometry resulting from the applied manufacturing plan. These results could eventually be used in fatigue simulation. To support the model, a database is used for the integration of residual stresses from stored experimental results, analytical or numerical calculations. An example of a metal sheet, laminated and deformed by shot peening is given, the deformed geometry is rebuilt and compared to the experimental results.
Authors: Souhail Benafia, Delphine Retraint, Benoit Panicaud, Lea le Joncour, Emmanuelle Rouhaud, Matthieu Micoulaut
Abstract: Surface Mechanical Attrition Treatment (SMAT) is a recent process that enables to nanocrystallise the surface of metallic alloys. It can thus enhance mechanical properties of the treated material by inducing a grain refinement down to the nanometre scale, in the top surface layer. This nanocrystallisation process leads to different effects that were successively studied on several metallic materials. In the present work, investigations are carried out on the modelling of SMAT. A simulation of the shot dynamics is performed using different process parameters, with the aim to obtain the impact velocity field on the treated surface. This field is then used as an input for a finite element model to predict the induced grain refinement. The evolution of the micro and nanostructures are then calculated using a micromechanical approach, which takes into account the dislocations and their interactions. Coupled with a finite element analysis, this approach enables to deduce the influence of the process on the macroscopic material properties, whatever the geometry of the sample.
Authors: C. Pilé, Manuel François, Delphine Retraint, Emmanuelle Rouhaud, Jian Lu
Abstract: The aim of this work is to reach a better understanding of the ultrasonic shot-peening process and, in particular, the evolution of the shot speed distribution. A simple 1D modelling of the interaction between the shots and the sonotrode is carried out. The impact is considered as inelastic with an energy absorption that depends on the speed of the shot. It is found that after about 10 interactions (» 1s) the speed distribution in the chamber follows a Maxwell-Boltzmann distribution, which is the distribution found in a perfect gas at equilibrium. The influence of various process parameters such as the sonotrode amplitude, the vibration frequency on the average speed and on the Almen intensity is studied.
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