Papers by Author: Eric M. Taleff

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Authors: Alexander J. Carpenter, Eric M. Taleff, Louis G. Hector, Jon T. Carter, Paul E. Krajewski
Abstract: A time-dependent material constitutive model is developed for the deformation of wrought Mg AZ31 sheet material at 450°C. This material model is used to simulate gas-pressure bulge forming of AZ31 sheet into hemispherical domes. Finite-element-method (FEM) simulations using this material model are compared against experimental data obtained for dome height as a function of forming time under forming conditions identical to those assumed in the simulations. The time-dependent material model predicts experimental dome heights during forming with a quite useful accuracy. The most significant advantage of the time-dependent material model is that it can address the effect of preheating time on forming. Preheating times shorter than ~120 s produce an increase in forming rate. This material model provides a quantitative means of accounting for that effect.
Authors: Eric M. Taleff
Abstract: Al-Mg alloys exhibit remarkable hot and warm ductilities, which have made the 5000-series alloys a critical part of commercial hot gas-pressure forming operations for the transportation industry. A review of the metallurgical and practical engineering reasons for this success is presented, and new understanding for behaviors in these materials, expected to impact future advances in hot- and warm-forming technology, are described. The excellent formabilities in this material class are fundamentally attributable to two deformation mechanisms, grain-boundary-sliding and solute-drag creep. However, a number of failure mechanisms ultimately limit final ductility and formability. These include cavitation, flow localization and microstructure evolution. The interplay of these mechanisms is discussed in terms of the potential to improve processing windows in forming operations.
Authors: Mohammed Ali Morovat, Jin Woo Lee, Michael D. Engelhardt, Eric M. Taleff, Todd A. Helwig, Victoria A. Segrest
Abstract: In moving towards an engineered performance-based approach to structural fire safety, a sound knowledge of the elevated-temperature properties of structural steel is crucial. Of all mechanical properties of structural steel at elevated temperatures, material creep is particularly important. Under fire conditions, behavior of steel members and structures can be highly time-dependent. As a result, understanding the time-dependent mechanical properties of structural steel at high temperatures becomes essential. This paper presents preliminary results of a comprehensive on-going research project aimed at characterizing the material creep behavior of ASTM A992 steel at elevated temperatures. Such creep properties are presented in the form of strain-time curves for materials from the web and the flanges of a W4×13 wide flange section and from the web of a W30×99 section. The test results are then compared against material creep models for structural steel developed by Harmathy, and by Fields and Fields to evaluate the predictions of these models. The preliminary results clearly indicate that material creep is significant within the time, temperature, and stress regimes expected in a builing fire. The results also demonstrate the need for a more reliable creep model for steel for strcutural-fire engineering analysis.
Authors: Mary Anne Kulas, Paul E. Krajewski, John R. Bradley, Eric M. Taleff
Abstract: Forming Limit Diagrams (FLD’s) for AA5083 aluminum sheet were established under both Superplastic Forming (SPF) and Quick Plastic Forming (QPF) conditions. SPF conditions consisted of a strain rate of 0.0001/s at 500°C, while QPF conditions consisted of a strain rate of 0.01/s at 450°C. The forming limit diagrams were generated using uniaxial tension, biaxial bulge, and plane strain bulge testing. Forming limits were defined using two criteria: (1) macroscopic fracture and (2) greater than 2% cavitation. Very little difference was observed between the plane strain limits in the SPF and QPF conditions indicating comparable formability between the two processes with a commercial grade AA5083 material.
Authors: Louis G. Hector, Paul E. Krajewski, Eric M. Taleff, Jon T. Carter
Abstract: Fine-grained AA5083 aluminum-magnesium alloy sheet can be formed into complex closure components with the Quick Plastic Forming process at high temperature (450oC). Material models that account for both the deformation mechanisms active during forming and the effect of stress state on material response are required to accurately predict final sheet thickness profiles, the locations of potential forming defects and forming cycle time. This study compares Finite Element (FE) predictions for forming of an automobile decklid inner panel in fine-grained AA5083 using two different material models. These are: the no-threshold, two-mechanism (NTTM) model and the Zhao. The effect of sheet/die friction is evaluated with five different sheet/die friction coefficients. Comparisons of predicted sheet thickness profiles with those obtained from a formed AA5083 panel shows that the NTTM model provides the most accurate predictions.
Authors: Mohammed Ali Morovat, Michael D. Engelhardt, Eric M. Taleff, Todd Helwig
Abstract: One of the critical factors affecting the strength of steel columns at elevated temperatures is the influence of material creep. Under fire conditions, steel columns can exhibit creep buckling, a phenomenon in which the critical buckling load for a column depends not only on slenderness and temperature, but also on the duration of the applied load. This paper will propose a preliminary methodology to study the phenomenon of creep buckling in steel columns subjected to fire. Analytical solutions using the concept of time-dependent tangent modulus are developed to model time-dependent buckling behavior of steel columns at elevated temperatures. Results from computational creep buckling studies using ABAQUS® are also presented, and compared with analytical predictions. Both analytical and computational methods utilize material creep models for structural steel developed by Harmathy, and by Fields and Fields. The analytical and computational results clearly indicate that accurate knowledge of material creep is essential in studying creep buckling phenomenon at elevated temperatures, and that neglecting creep effects can lead to potentially unsafe predictions of the strength of steel columns subjected to fire.
Authors: Oleg D. Sherby, Manuel Carsí, Woo Jin Kim, Donald R. Lesueur, Oscar A. Ruano, C.K. Syn, Eric M. Taleff, Jeffrey Wadsworth
Authors: Paul A. Sherek, Louis G. Hector, John R. Bradley, Paul E. Krajewski, Eric M. Taleff
Abstract: Accurate numerical simulation capability is critical to the development and implementation of hot forming technologies. Numerical simulations were developed for gas-pressure forming of commercial, fine-grained aluminum-magnesium (AA5083) material into deep pan shapes at 450°C. These simulations utilize a material constitutive model recently developed for fine-grained AA5083 materials as a user-defined routine in commercial Finite Element Method (FEM) software. Results from simulations are compared against data from gas-pressure forming experiments, which used the same forming conditions and die geometries. Specifically, local sheet thinning and radius of curvature in edges and corners are compared between simulation and experiment. Numerical simulations are in good agreement with experiments for local sheet thinning of up to 50%. For locations where sheet thinning exceeds 50%, simulations predict less thinning and larger formed radii than observed in experiments. It is likely that cavitation, which is not accounted for in simulations, plays a significant role in causing a decrease in simulation prediction accuracy for thinning values greater than 50%. This study demonstrates a simulation capability that is potentially of significant practical use for predicting the hot gas-pressure forming of fine-grained AA5083 material.
Authors: C.K. Syn, Donald R. Lesueur, Oleg D. Sherby, Eric M. Taleff
Authors: Donald R. Lesueur, T.G. Nieh, C.K. Syn, Eric M. Taleff
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