Papers by Author: G. Garcés

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Authors: P. Pérez, S. González, G. Garcés, G. Caruana, P. Adeva
Abstract: The microstructural and mechanical characterization of two alloys within the Mg-Ni-YRE system prepared by casting and subsequent hot extrusion at 400°C have been carried out. The microstructure of both materials consists of a fine-grained magnesium matrix embedding a high volume fraction of second phases; coarse Mg12RE and long period ordered stacking structure (LPS phase) and fine Mg2Ni particles. Both alloys show high strength values up to 250°C. The yield stress values at room temperature are 295 and 405 MPa for low- and high-alloyed magnesium alloy, respectively. Load transfer from the magnesium matrix to coarse Mg12RE and LPS particles account for the high strength of both alloys at temperatures below 250°C. Above this temperature both alloys exhibit a superplastic behaviour at low stresses with elongations of 700 and 450 % for the low and high-alloyed magnesium alloy, respectively.
Authors: Sergio Gonzáles, P. Pérez, G. Garcés, P. Adeva
Abstract: The effect of the concentration of Ni, Y and La-rich mischmetal on the thermal stability, microstructure and mechanical properties of ribbons tested in the temperature range 25-350°C have been evaluated. The low-alloyed materials were crystalline or partially crystalline while high-alloyed materials were amorphous. The amorphous alloys experienced numerous transformations during heating above 170°C. A transition in the amorphous state was observed in all alloys prior to the crystallization stage. The alloy composition determines the sequence of phase transformations during crystallization. In general, the structure of crystallised amorphous, even at high temperatures, is much finer than that of crystalline materials. A MgxREy intermetallic matrix with other intermetallic phases homogeneously distributed was observed in the crystallised ribbons with high RE contents. However, a magnesium matrix embedding other intermetallic phases was the microstructure observed for low-alloyed materials. The amorphous Mg-10Ni-2.5Y2.5-2.5La(MM) showed the higher tensile strength values up to 200 °C The crystalline Mg-2Ni-1Y-1La(MM) ribbon and the partially crystalline Mg-3Ni-1.5Y-1.5La(MM) alloy also exhibited high mechanical resistance levels which were maintained up to 250 °C. MgNi10Y2.5La(MM)2.5 amorphous and MgNi3Y1.5La(MM)1.5 crystalline broken above 500 and 400 MPa, respectively, at 100°C
Authors: P. Pérez, K. Milicka, Jose Maria Badía, G. Garcés, J.M. Antoranz, S. González, F. Dobes, P. Adeva
Abstract: The thermal stability and creep behaviour of MgNi2Y1CeMM1 and MgNi3Y1.5CeMM1.5 alloys have been investigated at 523 and 623 K. Both alloys were processed by a powder metallurgy route involving rapid solidification of powders, cold isostatic pressing and extrusion at 673 K. The microstructure of both alloys was studied in the as-extrusion condition and after thermal treatments at 523 and 623 K up to 500 h. Mechanical characterization was carried out by hardness measurements in samples annealed at 523 and 623 K and stepwise stress compressive creep tests at these temperatures. Results have shown long-term stability of the microstructure after annealing at 523 K in both alloys and hardness values remained constant along all treatment. After treatment at 623 K, however, the microstructure of both alloys remained relatively stable and a decrease in hardness was noticed after 6 h. Creep behaviour of both alloys was very similar. The stress dependences of the creep rate can be well described by modified Garofalo sinh relationship. Activation energies for creep, practically twice of the activation enthalpy of lattice diffusion for pure magnesium (135 kJ mol-1), have been obtained. Therefore, no direct evidence of the controlling role of diffusion processes can be obtained from these experiments.
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