Papers by Author: Hak Joo Lee

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Authors: Hak Joo Lee, Ki Ho Cho, Jae Hyun Kim, Seung Woo Han, Byung Ik Choi, Chang Wook Baek, Jong Man Kim, Sung Hoon Choa
Abstract: Atomic force microscope (AFM) is a powerful tool for exploring a nano-scale world. It can measure a nano-scale surface topography with very high resolution and detect a very small force. In this paper, we propose a novel AFM cantilever and its calibration scheme to utilize AFM as a mechanical testing machine. We call this AFM with a new cantilever as a force-calibrated AFM. The feasibility of the AFM cantilever is validated through measurement of mechanical properties of freestanding Au thin films.
Authors: Sang Joo Lee, Seung Woo Han, Jae Hyun Kim, Hak Joo Lee
Abstract: It is quite difficult to accurately measure the mechanical properties of thin films. Currently, there are several methods (or application) available for measuring mechanical properties of thin films. Their properties, however, have been determined by indirect methods such as cantilever beam test and diaphragm bulge test. This paper reports the efforts to develop a direct strain measurement system for micro/nano scale thin film materials. The proposed solution is the Visual Image Tracing (VIT) strain measurement system coupled with a micro tensile testing unit, which consists of a piezoelectric actuator, load cell, microscope and CCD cameras. The advantage of this system is the ability to monitor the real time images of specimen during the test in order to determine its Young’s modulus and Poisson’s ratio at the same time. Stress-strain curve, Young’s modulus, yield strength and Poisson’s ratio of copper thin film measured using VIT system are presented.
Authors: Jae Hyun Kim, Byung Ik Choi, Hak Joo Lee
Authors: Shin Hur, Sung In Hong, Hak Joo Lee, Seung Woo Han, Jae Hyun Kim, Jae Youn Kang, Byung Ik Choi, Chung Seog Oh
Authors: Seung Hoon Nahm, Hoon Sik Jang, Sank Koo Jeon, Hak Joo Lee
Abstract: To apply nano-structured materials in micro/nano system, understanding of the mechanical properties of nano-structured materials is required. In order to perform the mechanical test of nano-structured materials, the mechanical testing system was installed in a scanning electron microscope (SEM). The nano-manipulator was set up in the SEM, and the force sensor formed as a cantilever was mounted on the nano-manipulator. Then, the force sensor can be controlled by using the nano-manipulator. The nano-structured materials were dispersed on the transmission electron microscope (TEM) grid, and both end of the nano-structured materials were welded on the TEM grid and the tip of force sensor by exposing E-beam of the SEM. The tensile tests for carbon nanotubes, ZnO nanorods and ZnS nanowires were carried out in the SEM, respectively. The load response during the mechanical test was obtained by force sensor. The dimension of nano-structured materials was obtained by determining the configuration measured from the TEM. And, strain-stress curve was obtained after mechanical test. The elastic modulus of the nano-structured materials after the tensile tests were calculated and compared. The elastic modulus for multi-walled carbon nanotubes, ZnO nanorod and ZnS nanowire were ~0.98 TPa, ~59 and ~39 GPa, respectively.
Authors: Kee Joo Kim, Joo Sung Kim, Jae Wook Choi, Hyung Jun Ju, Lee Yong Heon, Byung Ik Choi, Hak Joo Lee
Abstract: Vibration in a driveline is presented in this paper. In the experiment, the rear subframe and propeller shafts and axle were composed and mounted with rubber each other. For applying the vibration input instead of the torsional vibration effect of an engine, the shaker was taken. In particular, torsional vibration due to fluctuating forced vibration excitation across the joint between driveline and rear subframe was carefully examined. Accordingly, the joint response was checked from experiments and the FE-simulation using FRF (frequency response function) analysis was performed. All test results were signal processed and validated against numerical simulations. In present study, the new test bench for measuring the vibration signal and simulating the vehicle chassis system was proposed. The modal value and the mode shape of components were analyzed using the model to identify the important components affecting driveline noise and vibration. It could be reached that the simplified test bench could be well established and be used for design guide and development of the vehicle chassis components.
Authors: Jae Hyun Kim, Hak Joo Lee, Seung Woo Han, Jong Man Kim, Chang Wook Baek
Abstract: In this study, we use the strip-bending test to measure the residual stress of a thin film structure. The principle of the strip bending test and the test procedures are described and the analysis of the strip deformation is presented. The explicit formula for estimating the residual stress is given, which requires the initial stress as an input. As an example, the E-beam evaporated Au thin film is chosen, and the residual stress is measured by the present method. The Au thin film structure has a tensile or compressive residual stress depending on the film thickness. The tensile and the compressive residual stresses of Au thin film are successfully measured by the present method.
Authors: Am Kee Kim, Md Anwarul Hasan, Seong Sick Choen, Hak Joo Lee
Abstract: Nanoindentation data measured on the cell-wall of Al-alloy foams were analyzed to obtain the material properties of the cell wall. Using the obtained material properties, stress-strain curve of the foam in uniaxial compression was constructed by finite element modeling. The model developed for the analysis was a multiple cell model which utilized the unit cells as the basic building block of the foam. Both the in-plane and through-thickness density variations of the foam were considered in the model. The through-thickness density variation which is a function of casting or foaming process was represented using different densities for different foam layers, while the in-plane density variation which arises from internal defects (such as porosities, second phase particle, inclusions etc.) was assumed to follow a statistical probability distribution of Gaussian type. Uniaxial compression test was performed and the finite element analysis result was compared with the experimental result. The numerical model used in the study overpredicted the crushing strength of foams indicating that the model needs to be improved for predicting the real foam properties with better accuracy.
Authors: Sang Rok Lee, Hak Joo Lee, Jin Oh Chung, Sae-Wook Oh, Chung-Weon Huh, Doo-Peow Yoon
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