Papers by Author: Hiromi Miura

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Authors: Taku Sakai, Hiromi Miura
Abstract: Annealing behaviour was studied in deformed copper developed by continuous or discontinuous dynamic recrystallization (cDRX or dDRX). Pure copper was deformed to large strains by multi-directional forging at room temperature, resulting in an ultra-fine grained structure due to operation of cDRX. Subsequent annealing of such a fine-grained copper can be controlled mainly by grain growth accompanied with recovery and no texture change, that is continuous static recrystallization (cSRX). On the other hand, 4 kinds of static restoration processes operate during annealing of dDRXed copper, i.e. metadaynamic recovery and recystallization (mDRV and mDRX), and classical static recovery and recrystallization. The stable existence of mDRVed grains containing moderate dislocations leads to incomplete recrystallization even after a long period of annealing time. It is discussed how such various types of annealing processes, occurring in cDRXed or dDRXed matrices, can be connected with the characteristic nature of the deformed microstructures.
Authors: Hiromi Miura, Naoya Tada, Taku Sakai, Masashi Kato
Authors: Xu Yue Yang, Hiromi Miura, Taku Sakai
Authors: Masato Watanabe, Takashi Shirai, Akihiko Ishibashi, Hiromi Miura
Abstract: Dynamic recrystallization (DRX) behaviour in a newly developed Cu-Sn-P alloy for heat exchangers and tubes was systematically investigated. For this purpose, Cu-Sn-P alloys with different content of Sn were deformed in compression at temperatures between 1073 K and 1213 K and at various strain rates from 2 x 10-4 s-1 to 2 x 10-1 s-1. The onset of DRX was more advanced with increasing temperature and with decreasing strain rate. Full DRX was not achieved at the testing conditions of lower temperature and higher strain rate even after straining to ε = 1.0. This tendency was more significant in the alloy with higher Sn content. With increasing Sn content, the flow stress and the obtained grains size became higher and finer, respectively. These experimental results indicate the important role of Sn for strengthening and microstructual control.
Authors: Hiromi Miura, Tetsuo Sakai, R. Mogawa, Günter Gottstein
Authors: Hiromi Miura, Sutandyo Andiarwanto, Tetsuo Sakai, John J. Jonas
Abstract: The preferential initiation of dynamic recrystallization (DRX) at triple junctions (TJs) in stainless steel polycrystals was investigated in compression at 1123 K to 1323 K at a strain rate of 2 x 10-4 s-1. Nucleation appeared at TJs at strains as low as 0.1. This strain is only about 1/5 to 1/2 of the peak strain at which DRX is conventionally believed to occur extensively. Furthermore, DRX nucleation was not observed to take place at grain boundaries or in the matrix at this strain. The probability of DRX nucleation at TJs increased monotonically with strain and temperature. It also depended on the angle, y, between the compression axis and the sliding boundary. That is, when the angle, y, approaches 45 degrees, the probability of DRX nucleation at TJs is higher. These results reveal the important role of grain-boundary sliding (GBS) on DRX nucleation at TJs. It should also be noted that more than 90% of the grains nucleated at TJs were twins. Such dynamic twinning suggests that the essential DRX nucleation mechanism is twinning.
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