Papers by Author: Hong Kai Zhao

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Authors: Ya Bing Liu, Hong Jie Wang, Hong Kai Zhao
Abstract: A POM - based organice - inorganic hybrid compound with the chemical formula of[Cu (phen)2]3[W6O19] (phen = 1,10-phenanthroline) (1) has been hydrothermally synthesized andstructurally characterized by the elemental analysis, and single crystal X-ray diffraction. Compound 1 crystallizes in the monoclinic space group C2/c with a =18.319(4) Å, b = 17.311(4) Å, c = 22.248(4) Å, β = 112.40(3) o, V = 6523(2) Å3, Z = 4, R1 = 0.0448, and wR2 =0.1218. Compound 1 consists of the [W6O19]3- building blocks and [Cu (phen)2]+ metal organic cationic moieties, which are packed together via the extensive hydrogen-bonding interactions to form a three-dimensional supramolecular framework. The adsorption of methylene blue (MB) under UV irradiation with 1 as the heterogeneous adsorbent has been investigated, showing a good adsorptive property of 1 for MB degradation.
2013
Authors: Min Li, Li Guang Xiao, Hong Kai Zhao
Abstract: In this work, the effect of γ-irradiation on neat polypropylene (PP) and PP with the stabilizers have been studied by means of wide-angle X-ray diffraction (WAXD) and tensile properties. There is a new reflex 300, β-phase, appeared in irradiated neat PP sample, compared with non-irradiated neat PP sample. When T/S ratio are 0.1 wt%/0.1 wt% and 0.1 wt%/0.3 wt% of PP, the reflex 300 of irradiated PP with different radiation doses all increased. However T/S content is 0.1 wt%/0.5 wt% of PP, the reflex 300 is not appeared. Among the samples which contain stabilizers, the stabilization of PP against γ-irradiation increased, compared with neat PP.
297
Authors: Min Li, Li Guang Xiao, Hong Kai Zhao
Abstract: Polyethylene/montmorillonite (PE/MMT) nanocomposites were prepared by in situ polymerization. The dynamic mechanical properties and phase structure of PE/MMT nanocomposites at different MMT concentrations (from 0.1 to 1.2 wt %) were studied. The storage modulus of PE/MMT nanocomposites is higher than that of the polymer matrix. And the motions of molecular relaxations and conformational transitions both in non-crystalline and crystalline phases are confined by the strong interactions between polymer and MMT. Otherwise, the spherulite size gradually decreases with the increasing content of MMT.
293
Authors: Min Li, Li Guang Xiao, Hong Kai Zhao
Abstract: The effect of electron beam irradiation on polypropylene (PP), syndiotactic 1,2-polybutadiene (sPB) and their blends were studied. They were irradiated with the doses of 20 kGy, 60 kGy, 80 kGy and 100 kGy. Scanning electron microscopy and mechanical test were carried out to characterize the irradiated samples. When PP/sPB blends were irradiated, a part of PP macroradicals created by irradiation acts either as crosslinking agent making the PP and sPB crosslink or it is grafted onto sPB in the interface, which results in the interfacial adhesion stronger between PP and sPB compared with unirradiated PP/sPB blends. Significant improvement of mechanical properties has been obtained by the addition of sPB in the PP matrix when irradiated. The presence of sPB obviously decreases the PP sensitivity to radiation effects.
627
Authors: Ya Bing Liu, Hong Jie Wang, Hong Kai Zhao
Abstract: The activated photocatalysts are urgently needed for the application of photocatalytic techniques in environmental pollutant removal. A POM - based photocatalyst with the chemical formula of (4, 4’-H2bpy)( 4, 4’-Hbpy)2[SiW12O40]·4H2O (1) has been hydrothermally synthesized and structurally characterized by the elemental analysis, and single crystal X-ray diffraction. Compound 1 consists of 4, 4’-bipyridine unit and keggin type polyoxometalates [SiW12O40]4-. There are hydrogen-bonding interactions between polyoxometalates, 4, 4’-bipyridine and water molecules in 1, forming a new 3-D networks. The degradation of rhodamine B (RhB) under UV-vis irradiation with 1 as the heterogeneous photocatalyst has been investigated, showing a good photocatalytic property of 1 for RhB degradation.
2166
Authors: Hong Kai Zhao, Hong Li Wang
Abstract: Kinetic parameters are calculated based on the reactive temperature rise curve measured by adiabatic approach at the temperature of 145 to 160 °C with the catalytic system of NaOH and acyl caprolactam End-capped butadiene-acrylonitrile rubber (CHTBN) or styrene-butadiene rubber (CHTBS). The reaction order is first order, the activation energy is between 72.91−73.16 kJ∙mol−1 and the pre-exponential factor is between 3.22×1011− 3.38×1011 mol1−n∙s−1 in the system of CHTBN/NaOH. While in CHTBS/NaOH, the reaction order is between 1.23-1.34, the activation energy is between 85.55-86.88 kJ∙mol−1 and the pre-exponential factor is between 4.52×1011−5.0 9×1011 mol1−n∙s−1. The adiabatic reaction kinetic model of caprolactam anion was constructed based on the existing research findings, by which the polymerizing reaction is simulated. The coincidence between the simulation results and the experimental data revealed that the model is reasonable and correct.
951
Authors: Hong Kai Zhao, Li Guang Xiao, Jing Wu Gao
Abstract: Macromolecule modification activator was prepared using prepolymer of HTBN end capped by HDI biuret (N-75). Then the ABS/PA6 co-blend polymer was prepared by anionic polymerization with putting ABS resin into molten caprolactam monomer at the temperature of 160°C~180°C and the sodium hydroxide being used as activator. In the system of in-situ synthetic ABS modified nylon resin ,when the content of ABS is at 10% with rubber modifier as compatiblizing agent for ABS and nylon, the impact strength of matrices stepped up obviously, and the effect is better than that in the system of rubber modification. Along with added ABS, the tensile strength and bending strength fell that is lower than the tensile strength of pure nylon but apparently higher than that of the rubber modification system. The increase usage of compatiblizing agent improved the intensity and rupture elongation of matrices. It was indicated that ABS obstructed spherulitic growth and resulted in the reduction of nylon crystallinity.
1836
Authors: Min Li, Li Guang Xiao, Hong Kai Zhao
Abstract: Polyethylene/montmorillonite (PE/MMT) nanocomposites were prepared by in situ polymerization. The morphology of MMT/MgCl2/TiCl4 catalyst and PE/MMT nanocomposites was investigated by scanning electron microscopy (SEM). It can be seen that MMT/MgCl2/TiCl4 catalyst remained the original MMT sheet structures and many holes were found in MMT and the morphology of PE/MMT nanocomposites is part of the sheet in the form of existence, as most of the petal structure. X-ray diffraction (XRD) and transmission electron microscopy (TEM) were carried out to characterize all the samples. XRD results reveal that the original basal reflection peak of PEI1 and PEI2 disappears completely and that of PEI3 become very weak. MMT/MgCl2/TiCl4 catalyst was finely dispersed in the PE matrix. Instead of being individually dispersed, most layers were found in thin stacks comprising several swollen layers.
244
Authors: Hong Kai Zhao, Li Guang Xiao, Xiao Jing Zhang
Abstract: High performance trend of plastics has become a hot spot of current research. Select bisphenol A dianhydride and bisphenol A diamine with excellent water resistance as the reactant monomers to obtain anhydride-terminated polyimide with very high molecular weight by two-step polymerization, graft the active radicals of acyl caprolactam using the activity of anhydride and obtain PI modified nylon resin by polymerization. It is proved that the reaction in each above step is successful through infrared analysis. Through microscopic analysis, the molecules of polyimide does not enter crystallization phase of nylon resin, but forms compact lamellar crystals existing in nylon matrix.
548
Authors: Hong Kai Zhao, Li Guang Xiao, Jing Wu Gao
Abstract: High polymer active functional groups can be grafted on the surface of carbon fibers so as to adjust the interface effect between fibers in the composite material and resin and improve the performance of composite material, by controlling the structure of grafted high polymer, the interface layer with intended performance can be well designed. Heat treatment does not affect the fiber strength, the content of functional groups on the surface of the fibers reaches the max. value around 1h. There are no macromolecules polymerized and grafted on the surface of carbon fibers not subjected to isocyanate grafting treatment. Through isocyanate treatment after heat treatment, it can be obviously seen that the nylon molecules are grafted on the fiber surface. When no activating agent is added in the polymerized monomers, the resin grafting percent of fiber surface can reach 18.8%; when 0.003 activating agent (mole ratio of it to monomers) is added in the monomers, the grafting percent of PA6 on surface of carbon fibers is only 7.65%, this is the result of reactive competition on the interface between monomer matrix and fibers.
2028
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