Papers by Author: Ik Min Park

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Authors: Byeong Ho Kim, Kyung Chul Park, Sung Hak Lee, Yong Ho Park, Ik Min Park
Abstract: The fracture behavior of Mg-5Al-1Zn and Mg-5Al-1Zn-3Sn alloy was investigated by direct observation of microfracture process using an in-situ loading stage installed inside a scanning electron microscope chamber. Crack was initiated at the interface of Mg/second-phase particles or second-phase particles. Fracture of the alloys was predominantly dimple or/and quasi-cleavage failure. The improvement of what could be explained by mechanisms of blocking of crack or shear band propagation, formation of multiple shear bands, crack blunting and shear band branching.
Authors: Hyun Jae Yoo, Yong Ho Park, Ik Min Park
Abstract: The bulk (Bi0.2iSb0.8)2Te3 thermoelectric alloys added with Ag up to 2.0 mass% were prepared by mechanical alloying and pulse discharge sintering (MA-PDS). Microstructures of the sintered samples were investigated. In the two samples with 1.0 and 2.0 mass% Ag, an abnormal growth of the (Bi,Sb)2Te3 phase, manifested by the formation of coarse crystals that are visible with eye, has been revealed during the PDS process of the alloyed powders. The local temperature rise in the compact induced by the compositional fluctuation as a result of Ag addition was suggested to be responsible for the observed abnormal growth. In addition, the electrical transport properties, i.e., electrical resistivity and Seebeck coefficient, of the sintered samples were studied.
Authors: Wang Kee Min, Sung Doo Hwang, Chang Ho Lee, Young Do Park, Yang Do Kim, Young Seok Kim, Ik Min Park, Yong Ho Park
Abstract: The n-type Bi2(Te0.94Se0.06)3 thermoelectric compound was prepared by the direct extrusion process using the powder as raw materials. Hot extruded specimens were annealed at 200°C and 350°C for 2hrs. The electrical conductivity, thermoelectric power and thermal conductivity of hot extruded and annealed specimens were measured at room temperature. The fractographs of the specimens showed that the grain size became coarser and a lot of porosities were generated during annealing process. The power factor value (PF) decreased with increasing the annealing temperature. The electric conductivity and thermal conductivity of the specimens also decreased with the increase of annealing temperature. This may be reasoned that the generated porosities affect the thermal conductivity of the specimens prepared in this study. The figure of merit (Z) value of the annealed specimens at 350°C was improved about 10%. The highest Z value of the specimens annealed at 350°C was 2.0 x 10-3/K among the prepared specimens.
Authors: Hyun Jae Yoo, Chang Ho Lee, Yong Ho Park, Ik Min Park
Abstract: Effect of Au (0-0.3 wt.%) on the thermoelectric properties of Bi1Sb3Te6 alloy prepared by mechanical alloying process has been investigated. The Seebeck coefficient decreases with Au content. The Seebeck coefficient of Au-free alloy at room temperature reaches a value of 250 µV/K, which is the maximum. Because of the increased power factor, the figure of merit increases with Au content up to 0.03 wt. % and its value at room temperature is about 2.8×10-3/K, the highest value among the prepared alloys. The Hall measurement shows that the carrier concentration increases with Au content, which explains the reason why the power factor has increased. The XRD patterns show that the intensities of (2 0 5), (0 0 18), (0 2 10), (1 0 19), (1 2 5), and (2 1 10) planes increase with Au content. The atomic distance of these complex planes is longer than that of other main planes, and the chemical bonding strength of these complex planes between constitutional elements is weaker than that of other main planes. As a result, a portion of electrons as minor carrier is trapped into accept level of Au atoms and/or clusters. The XPS observation result, which a portion of Au atoms is chemically shifted in contrast to Bi, Sb and Te atoms are not, explains that Au behaves as an acceptor.
Authors: Dae Hyun Song, C.W. Lee, K.Y. Nam, S.W. Lee, Yong Ho Park, Kyung Mok Cho, Ik Min Park
Abstract: The effect of Al content on the castability, tensile and creep properties of Mg-xAl-Zn alloy was investigated. The molten Mg-(3~11)Al-Zn alloys of 700°C were poured into the mould designed to estimate castability. Tensile and creep tests were performed for the alloys. The results show that the castability increased with higher Al content. Creep resistance decreased while tensile strength improved with increasing Al amount. Our microstructure study revealed that morphology of Mg17Al12 is the main factor determining the tensile and creep properties of as cast Mg-xAl-Zn alloys. The final purpose of this study is to develop the heat resistant Mg alloys to be applied in transportation systems such as automobile. Further research will be conductedon the effect of heat treatment and additional alloying elements on the microstructure and properties of Mg-xAl alloys.
Authors: Y.K. Chung, Jong Jin Park, Cheol Hong Joo, Ik Min Park
Abstract: X20CrMoV12 1 steels were exposed at three different high temperatures and various durations. Aging parameter, LMP s, was used to describe long-term thermal history. Creep rupture, hardness and tensile tests for aged X20CrMoV12 1 steels were carried out. Yield strength was slightly decreased and hardness was rapidly decreased afterLMP s reached 20.6. Creep strength of aged X20CrMoV12 1 steel decreased rapidly after the LMPs reached 20.6. It was shown that the creep strength decreased due to the coarsening of acicular type M23C6 at subgrain boundaries and the agglomeration of M23C6 at prior austenite grain boundaries. After LMPs reached 20.6, the assumed linear regression line of stress and Larson-Miller parameter,LMPf, also moved toward a lower LMPf region as aging parameter increased. The dependency of creep rupture life on the microstructural degradation could be represented by CLMPs, which is LMPf at stress of 1 kg/mm2. It was found that the creep rupture life of X20CrMoV12 1 steel could be predicted by considering the material degradation during and prior to creep test.
Authors: Sung Doo Hwang, Yong Ha Park, Dae Hyun Song, Man Sik Lee, Kyung Mok Cho, Ik Min Park, Yong Ho Park
Abstract: AZ31 Mg alloy matrix composites were fabricated by squeeze casting method to improve high temperature properties in this study. The results showed that Mg composites reinforced with Alborex and Ag revealed improved high temperature properties and mechanical properties compared with Mg alloys. High temperature hardness and flexural strength were increased with reinforcement of Alborex, and further increase was obtained with addition of Ag. Also, Alborex reinforced AZ31 containing Ag Mg matrix composite exhibited greater improvement on creep properties. Therefore Mg composites reinforced with Alborex containing Ag were better than those reinforced with Alborex in mechanical properties and high temperature properties.
Authors: Il Dong Choi, Dong Min Kim, Kyung Mok Cho, Ik Min Park
Abstract: Mg alloys have potential to use automotive parts because of their weight and castability. High temperature strength and damping capacity is important to the automotive power train parts. Mg alloy has lower creep and thermal fatique strength but has better damping capacity than Al alloy. It is known that short fiber reinforced Mg metal matrix composites(MMC) exhibits superior high temperature strength and graphite reinforced Mg MMC shows excellent damping capacity. Therefore, in this study, the effect of graphite particles(15-25%) and alborex (9Al2O3ּ2B2O3) whiskers(5-15%) on the damping behavior and mechanical properties of Mg MMC was studied. Graphite particles and alborex whiskers were chosen to increase damping capacity and high temperature strength, respectively. The Mg MMC was fabricated by squeeze casting and the total quantity of reinforcements(graphite + alborex) was maintained to 30 volume percent. The damping capacity of the metal matrix composites was increased and the flexural strength and hardness were decreased with increasing the volume fraction of graphite particles, that is, reducing the volume fraction of alborex whiskers.
Authors: J.Y. Park, E.S. Kim, Ik Min Park
Abstract: A functional automotive part, reaction shaft support, was fabricated by local squeeze and vacuum Diecasting (LSVD) with light-weight Al-15%Si hypereutectic alloy which has good fluidity and excellent wear resistance. The effects of local squeezing pressure and time-lag of LSVD process on the microstructure of the product were investigated. Measurement of specific gravity with the change of local squeeze pressure and time-lag showed that the local squeezing effect can be increased by increasing squeeze pressure and decreasing time-lag. However, too high a squeeze pressure and too a low time-lag brought about insufficient squeezing effect due to instant movement to the squeeze plunger stroke end point. Through the combination of vacuum suction before melt injection and local squeezing after melt injection in LSVD process, light-weight Al-15%Si alloy reaction shaft support was successfully developed, resulting in excellent microstructural and mechanical properties
Authors: Ik Min Park, Il Dong Choi, Yong Ho Park
Abstract: The scroll compressor with high cooling efficiency and lower oscillating noise can be a candidate material for a part of car air conditioner, household air conditioner and so on. When Al alloy with high strength is used for scroll compressor instead of cast iron, rotation speed can be increased by weight reduction. To design Al alloy which has enough mechanical properties to replace cast iron, the effect of alloying elements, such as Si(13-15%), Cu(4-5%), and Mg(0.5-1%) and cooling rates on the mechanical properties of squeeze cast Al alloy was studied. The influence of Sr and P modification treatment on Si morphology was also studied. Aluminum alloy over 400MPa of tensile strength and 2% elongation was developed. Al scroll samples was fabricated by squeeze casting machine(UBE 800ton) with using 2 cavity mold. Flow-3D which is a three dimensional melt flow analysis program was used to find most proper mold design and optimum process conditions for squeeze casting before making samples. Relationship between secondary dendrite arm spacing and cooling rate was simulated by Flow-3D and compared with experimental results.
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