Papers by Author: Ion Dumitru

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Authors: Ion Dumitru, Lorand Kun, Marcela Sava, Mihai Hluscu
Abstract: A special situation arises when multiaxial fatigue loadings are present, given not only the time-dependency of extreme principal stress values, but also the fact that principal plane positions change during one load cycle (non-proportional loading). Thus, the analysis of principal stress and principal direction variation becomes a very important step, necessary to be carried out before starting any multiaxial fatigue testing. Based on the above, the authors present a generalized method for computing principal stresses and determining principal plane positions, applicable for cyclic tension-torsion loadings with zero mean stresses but with different phase shifts and amplitude ratios. Based on original experimental data and data collected from the literature, the authors point out in the final part of the paper that the maximum principal shear stress can be considered as the main parameter for plotting Wöhler curves.
Authors: Lorand Kun, Cristian Sorin Nes, Ion Dumitru, Nicolae Faur
Abstract: This paper presents the durability analysis of a machine shaft subjected to bending with torsion, based upon the stress analysis at a notch which joins segments of different cross-sections (circular and square respectively) of the shaft. During the specific operating conditions of the equipment which’s part the shaft is, this notch has proven to be critical, causing premature failure. The durability analysis is carried out based on the real loading conditions, allowing the stress state evaluation at the base of the notch for different radii, using ABAQUS 6.9-3 finite element analysis program. The experimental studies carried out on the shaft’s material, 41Cr4 steel, resulted in the determination of material properties and of torsion fatigue curves in case of two different heat treatments. The cycles composing the equivalent stress spectrum are counted using the rainflow algorithm. The number of loading blocks to failure (number of load spectrum repetitions), considering the real operating conditions, is obtained using Miner’s rule, based on the rotating bending fatigue curve, corrected corresponding to the shaft’s specific characteristics. The proposed calculation method, based on the variation in time of the stress tensor during operating conditions, leads to the determination of the optimal notch radius for which the shaft’s durability falls between prescribed limits.
Authors: Ion Dumitru, Anghel Cernescu
Abstract: The purpose of this study was making evident the overload effect in a spectre with constant amplitude cycles. The crack growth simulation was made on cracked specimen and was studied for four loading cases. Fatigue crack growth rate was calculated applying NASGRO equation and the crack growth retardation analyzed.
Authors: Claudia Secrieru, Ion Dumitru
Abstract: The article focuses on the technical measurements which could be applied to the fracture surfaces of the steel Charpy specimens in order to apply the Fractal Analysis. One could calculate the fractal dimension not directly for a fracture, but for a profile of the fracture. Most common methods for generation of fracture profile are cross-cut techniques and profile measurements techniques [1-2]. We apply three principal methods: Profilometer, Interferometer Light Microscope and the Vertical Section for a specimen made of XC65 after the Charpy test. We compare the advantages and the limits for each technique. We use the Box Counting algorithm applied in the Image J program for determining the fractal dimension of the fracture surface in all three experimental techniques. Then we could characterize the roughness of the fracture profile at different magnifying power by the estimated fractal dimension.
Authors: Lorand Kun, Ion Dumitru, Daniel Achiriloaiei, Karla Noemy Kun
Abstract: The maximum values of normal and shear stresses are the basic parameters which influence directly the initiation and propagation of multiaxial fatigue cracks.Based on the above, the first part of the paper presents an analysis of principal stresses (normal and shear) in case of symmetrical tension-compression loadings with superimposed phase-shifted symmetrical torsion cycles. The influence of stress amplitude ratio and phase shift on the maximum (normal and shear) stresses and on the directions of the planes along which these act is analyzed and graphically represented using stress hodographs.The second part of the paper highlights the possibility of using the maximum value of the normal or shear stress as base parameter for durability studies under multiaxial fatigue, based on existing experimental data. The mentioned data is correlated with the results of an original experimental program carried out by the authors on 41Cr4 steel and conclusions are formulated with regard to the role of maximum shear stress in life-time calculation.
Authors: Ion Dumitru, Liviu Marsavina, Nicolae Faur, I. Hajdu
Abstract: Many components from industry are subjected to repeated impacts, or in some cases these impacts can appear as additional loads. Repeated impacts define a fatigue phenomenon known under the name of Impact Fatigue. Because the strain rate changes the material characteristics it is to expect that the material properties at impact fatigue to be different in regard to those obtained at non-impact fatigue. First studies at repeated impacts were made at the middle of 19th Century, but the progress in this field is not as fast as non-impact fatigue, due to experimental difficulties and the lake of standards for impact fatigue tests. This paper presents a classification of repeated impact tests, and starting from this a series of parameters used for durability estimation will be analyzed. The high number of parameters used by different authors creates difficulties in comparison the different laboratories results. The importance of the shape and dimensions of specimens, and the stiffness of bearing are highlighted. In order to avoid these influences the authors proposed an experimental technique, based on testing of Charpy specimens, in similar conditions as single impact test. The paper presents a series of results obtained for additional impacts overlapped to a cyclic load.
Authors: Daniel Achiriloaiei, Cristian Sorin Nes, Ion Dumitru, Anghel Cernescu
Abstract: Aluminium clad steel reinforced cables are widely used in long distance electrical energy transport. Under the influence of weather conditions, the conductors are subjected to additional stress, which may lead to accelerated deterioration and premature breakage. This phenomenon depends much on contact mechanics. Due to the rough geometry of real mechanical surfaces, the elastic-plastic contact between bodies occurs at several points simultaneously. The contact between wires or between the wires and the suspension clamp, which is regarded as a critical location, changes the mechanical properties of the conductor with the emergence and development of contact indents. In order to understand the development of the indents ant their influence in the properties of the wires, indentation, tensile and fatigue tests were performed on wires taken from a steel-aluminium conductor. The problem of normal contact when plastic deformations are much higher than the elastic ones is extremely complex. The convex profile of the wires brings additional complications. Specific strain intensity is proportional to the depth of penetration. Experimental researches have shown that the shape and size of the indents occurred at the contact points have a significant influence on the tensile strength and lifetime of the conductors and local deformations determine certain features of fatigue crack initiation and propagation.
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