Papers by Author: J. Kusinski

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Authors: Georgette Petot-Ervas, C. Petot, Jean Marc Raulot, J. Kusinski
Abstract: This paper concerns an analysis of the transport processes at high temperature in anionic conducting oxides subjected to a chemical potential gradient or an applied electrical field. The general equations are given. The principle of the cationic kinetic demixing under a “generalized“ thermodynamical potential gradient is reviewed. Experimental results obtained with yttria-doped zirconia are reported. An experimental procedure for the determination of the oxygen diffusion coefficient in ionic and semiconducting oxides is also described. The results obtained with yttriastabilized zirconia are compared to both self diffusion and conductivity data. This has allowed us to obtain information concerning the defect structure.
Authors: Sylvie Villain, C. Leroux, Jean Musso, Jean R. Gavarri, Agnes Kopia, Magdalena Klimczak, J. Kusinski
Authors: M. Chmielowska, Agnes Kopia, C. Leroux, S. Saitzek, J. Kusinski, Jean R. Gavarri
Abstract: The structural analysis of thin cerium dioxide films doped with Cu, produced by laser ablation for applications in catalytic and gas sensors, was the general aim of the study. The thin films deposited on a (100) silicon substrate were nanocrystalline structure with a well-developed texture. The morphology, as well as the preferred films orientation, is changed with the volume fraction of Cu. The observed changes affect the catalytic properties of the materials obtained which was confirmed by the catalytic tests undertaken with CH4.
Authors: N. Halem, Lukasz Cieniek, J. Kusinski, Gianguido Baldinozzi, C. Petot, Georgette Petot-Ervas
Abstract: The present study is concerned with the influence of sputter-coatings CaO on the oxidation behavior of Ni polycrystals. The experiments were performed in air, in the temperature range 800°-1200°C. Below 1200°C, CaO coatings reduce the oxidation rate, while this beneficial effect disappears at 1200 °C. The oxidized specimens were examined by SEM and X-Ray diffraction, but also by EPMA depth profiling to evaluate the scale composition. Furthermore, electrical conductivity measurements and kinetic demixing studies were carried out on Ca-doped NiO single crystals, to get a better insight regarding the transport processes involved during oxidation. These last results show that the key features allowing to explain the effect of CaOcoatings on the oxidation rate of Ni are the influence of calcium on the increase of the dissociation pressure of NiO, which delays the oxidation of nickel, the kinetic demixing of the cations, which controls the distribution of CaO precipitates in the scale responsible for blocking effects, and the increase of the diffusion coefficient of both the cations and the cationic vacancies, which play a decisive role at high temperature, when the scale growth is dominated by lattice diffusion.
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