Papers by Author: J. Russias

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Authors: J. Russias, Eduardo Saiz, Sylvain Deville, Antoni P. Tomsia
Abstract: The development of novel biodegradable scaffolds for the treatment of bone and cartilage defects is the subject of intense research. A successful scaffold will guide cell-attachment, proliferation and tissue regeneration. The objective of this study is to use freeform fabrication (robocasting) for the preparation of porous hybrid organic/inorganic materials with a well controlled architecture and porosity. Polymer/hydroxyapatite (HA) pastes with ceramic contents ranging between 0 to 70 wt. % are prepared by mixing ceramic powders with a solution of the polymer in methylene chloride. Two different polymers are studied: polylactide (PLA) and polycaprolactone (PCL). During the compression tests, the scaffolds show an elasto-plastic behavior with large plastic yielding and do not fail in a brittle manner. The mechanical response is anisotropic and depends significantly on the ceramic content and the type of polymer.
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