Papers by Author: Jae Hwan Pee

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Authors: Sun Hui Eom, Jae Hwan Pee, Jong Keun Lee, Kwang Taek Hwang, Woo Seok Cho
Abstract: Alumina powder is used to improve the heat conduction and physical properties of heat radiation sheets, these properties can be improved by increasing the filling rate of alumina. Spherical alumina powder is being actively developed to improve the filling rate of alumina in sheets. In this study, a high-temperature flame was created by the flame-fusion method using an oxygen burner to produce spherical alumina. We investigated how the chemical composition and particle size of starting materials affect their fusion behavior under flaming conditions during spherical alumina production using the flame-fusion method. Boehmite and aluminum hydroxide, which accompany the endothermic reaction due to the dehydration of the starting materials, showed lower spheroidization ratios than sintered alumina. The spheroidization ratio improved as the particle size of the starting materials decreased.
Authors: Ri Yu, Jae Hwan Pee, Hyung Tae Kim, Kyung Ja Kim, Young Woong Kim, Yoo Jin Kim
Abstract: The Magnesium hydroxide sulfate hydrate whiskers (5Mg(OH)2.MgSO4.3H2O, abbreviated 513MHSH) have attracted much attention due to its practical applications as filler and reinforcement. However, it is difficult to produce high quality MHSH because plate-like Mg(OH)2 impurities were formed in high concentrations of OH- and interaction between Mg2+ and OH-. In this work, to reduce formation Mg(OH)2, molar ratio ofSuperscript text magnesium oxide (MgO) and magnesium sulfate (MgSO4.7H2O) were controlled. As a result, when low concentration of SO42-, MHSH whiskers co-existed with hexagonal plate Mg(OH)2. The molar ratio of MgSO4.7H2O/MgO was high, uniform MHSH whiskers were formed without Mg(OH)2. In addition, appropriate amount of NH4OH has affected formation of high quality MHSH. Their morphologies and structures were determined by powder X-ray diffraction (XRD) scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and thermo-gravimetric analyzer (TGA)
Authors: Ungsoo Kim, Duck Kyeom Kim, William Carty, Jae Hwan Pee, Eui Seok Choi
Abstract: Granular feedstock for dry pressing is prepared by spray drying oxide powders with polymeric additives. The interactions between polymeric additives in suspension or during drying are usually considered negligible. However, recent studies demonstrate that interactions between polymers usually do occur and can adversely affect product performance. Flory-Huggins calculations predict phase separation of Na-PMAA and Na-PAA with PVA and homogeneous mixing of Na-silicate with PVA. These predictions were confirmed by the light scattering studies on polymer solutions and morphology studies on dried polymer solutions. This reveals that the interaction between polymers can lead to either a homogeneous or phase-separated solution, depending on the functional groups and chain length of polymers. PVA binder in spray-dried granules is stained and its location within the spray dried granule is observed verifying the effect of other polymers on binder migration and case-hardening of spray dried granules. The results indicate polymeric additives that prevent binder migration, potentially eliminating case-hardening in spray dried granules and the subsequent problems observed during compaction.
Authors: Jong Chul Park, Jae Hwan Pee, Yoo Jin Kim, Woo Seok Cho
Abstract: The colored TaON and Ta3N5 were synthesized by ammonolysis of amorphous Ta(OH)5 in the temperature range of 800-1000°C. Ta(OH)5 were prepared by titration process from TaCl5. TaON were synthesized at 900°C for 2 hr, and Ta3N5 were synthesized at 1000°C for 5 hr. In general, Ta3N5 powders were easily oxidized at 500°C with changing colority from red to white. To minimize the oxidation problem of Ta3N5 powders, we proposed silica coated system using TEOS and APTES as a surfactant. Tonality of silica coated Ta3N5 has very little changing which means silica coating actually minimizes the oxidation of the Ta3N5 particles.
Authors: Eun Young Park, Jae Hwan Pee, Yoo Jin Kim, Woo Seok Cho
Abstract: Tantalum nitride (Ta3N5) is a nontoxic red pigment that is being developed as a substitute for Cd-related pigments Ta3N5 is produced by the nitridation and heat treatment of amorphous Tantalum precursors. Doping elements were added in the precursor manufacturing stage to improve the red color tone of tantalum nitride. Grain growth was observed in nitrides that formed second phases, such growth led to an increase in the average grain size comprared to undoped nitrides, and the colors declined as the oxygen content increased. Nitrides that did not form second phases in response to doping elements remained a single-phase Ta3N5 and exhibited an excellent red color with a high nitrogen content. We determined that a change in the oxygen/nitrogen contents affected the color manifestation, which depended on the amount by which doping was increased.
Authors: Jae Hwan Pee, Dong Wook Lee, Ungsoo Kim, Eui Seok Choi
Abstract: A hyrdrothermal reaction process has been developed to prepare rod-like crystals of copper oxide using copper nitrate trihydrate as a function of synthesis temperature, stirring speed and solution pH value. The properties of the fabricated crystals were studied using scanning electron microscopy, X-ray diffraction and particle size analysis. The morphology of the synthesized CuO was dependent on both the pH value of the solution and the morphology of the seed materials. Synthesized particles have regular morphologies and a uniform size distribution.
Authors: Motozo Hayakawa, Takashi Inoue, Jae Hwan Pee, Tetsuhiko Onda, Hisayuki Suematsu, H. Yamauchi
Authors: Jae Hwan Pee, Jong Chul Park, Kwang Taek Hwang, Soo Ryong Kim, Woo Seok Cho
Abstract: The synthesis of AlN via self-propagating high-temperature synthesis (SHS) was attempted, using various ratio of Al powder mixed with AlN powder as diluents. Al and AlN powder mixtures with various weight ratios were ignited a nitrogen atmosphere with various amounts of carbon as additives. High crystalline AlN by SHS were successfully synthesized. The microstructure development during the reaction and the influence of these additives were determined by SEM and XRD analysis. A mechanism for the formation of high purity AlN with a very low content of residual oxygen (<0.8wt %) was proposed.
Authors: Jae Hwan Pee, Jong Chul Park, Kwang Taek Hwang, Soo Ryong Kim, Woo Seok Cho
Abstract: AlN powders by the chemical vapor synthesis (CVS) process in the AlCl3-NH3-N2-H2 system were successfully synthesized. Gasified AlCl3 as a starting material was generated by pre-heating system and transported to the tube furnace in NH3-N2-H2 atmosphere. High crystalline AlN was synthesized at over 900°C. The average particle size of spherical AlN powders decreased from 250 to 40nm with increasing the reaction temperature of the tube furnace. Porous nano-size particles synthesized at high reaction temperature have low oxygen contents.
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