Papers by Author: Jan Verner

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Authors: Barbora Bártová, Jan Verner, Dalibor Vojtěch, A. Gemperle, M. Čerňanský
Abstract: The paper reports on a detailed investigation of microstructure and phase composition of rapidly solidified and annealed AlNi18.5 and AlNi17Zr1.8 ribbons. The ribbons were prepared by the melt spinning (planar flow casting) technique. The microstructure and phase composition have been studied by TEM and XRD. The specimens were annealed and subsequently subjected to microstructure investigations to asses their thermal stability. Rapidly solidified alloys are composed of a-Al and Al3Ni phase grains. No significant difference in the shape between Al and Al3Ni grains was found. The Al9Ni2 metastable phase was identified in the rapidly solidified AlNi17Zr1.8 alloy and the Al3Zr phase precipitates from the a-Al solid solution in the AlNi17Zr1.8 alloy after the high temperature annealing.
Authors: Dalibor Vojtěch, Alena Michalcová, Jan Verner, Jan Šerák, František Šimančík, Martin Balog, Juraj Nagy
Abstract: In the presented paper, properties of Al-Cr-Fe-Ti alloy produced by powder metallurgy (PM) are described. Rapidly solidified powder alloy was prepared by the pressure nitrogen melt atomization. The granulometric powder fraction of less than 45 μm was then hot-extruded. Microstructure of the as-extruded material comprised recrystallized α-Al grains and spheroids of intermetallic phases. Tensile strength of the investigated material was similar to that of a conventional casting Al-Si alloy commonly used in elevated temperature applications. Excellent thermal stability of the PM Al-Cr based material, which much exceeded the elevated temperature casting alloy, was proved by room temperature tensile tests after long-term annealing at elevated temperature. Reasons for the observed thermal stability of the investigated PM alloy are discussed.
Authors: Dalibor Vojtěch, Jan Verner, Barbora Bártová, Karel Saksl
Abstract: Rapidly solidified (RS) Al-TM (TM = transition metal) alloys are perspective materials from scientific, as well as technological point of view. Generally, they are produced by the melt atomization or by the melt spinning. Subsequent compaction is commonly performed by the hot extrusion. Since transition metals, such as Cr, Fe, Ni, Zr, Ti, Mn and others, have low diffusion coefficients in solid aluminium (lower by several orders of magnitude than those of common alloying elements like Cu, Si, Mg, Zn etc.) the RS Al-TM alloys are characterized by a high thermal stability. In this paper, several RS Al-TM (TM = Cr, Fe, Ti, Mn, Ni) alloys prepared by the melt spinning and melt atomization are compared to commercially available 2xxx, 6xxx and 7xxx wrought alloys. The main structural features of both RS and wrought alloys are described. The RS alloys are characterized by the presence of micro and nano-scale crystalline and/or quasi-crystalline phases and supersaturated solid solutions. The elevated-temperature behaviour is compared for both groups of materials. The thermal stability of the investigated materials is determined by room temperature hardness measurements after various annealing regimes and a high thermal stability of the RS alloys is demonstrated. The microstructural changes and phase transformations occurring in the investigated materials upon heating are described. In the Al-TM alloys, very slow decomposition of the supersaturated solid solutions, precipitation and decomposition of the metastable quasi-crystalline phases occur.
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