Papers by Author: Jian Zhang Li

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Authors: Shi Feng Zhang, Xiao Ying Liu, Ji Zhi Zhang, Jian Zhang Li
Abstract: Jatropha curcas (Jc) was the most favored biomass plant for bio-diesel production. Jc cakes obtained after oil pressed, rich in protein content, were excellent materials for preparing formaldehyde-free wood adhesives, which could provide alternative to formaldehyde-based resins. Sodium hydroxide, used as denaturing agent, modified protein contained in Jc cakes to prepare wood adhesives. Jc adhesives prepared in different pH value and plywood bonded by them were prepared. The curing behavior of these adhesives was conducted by differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) measurement. The gel content and water absorption of the cured Jc adhesives were measured to evaluate their curing content and the water resistant of plywood bonded with these adhesives was also studied. The results showed that pH value influenced the bonding strength of adhesive significantly. The bonding strength of plywood made by modified Jc adhesive significantly increased comparing with that of unmodified one. The curing peak temperature decreased obviously after modified, which was beneficial to achieve complete curing reaction. Modified Jc adhesives provided a potential way to utilize by-product of energy plant, avoided formaldehyde pollution, and reduced dependence on fossil resources.
Authors: Xiao Ying Liu, Ji Zhi Zhang, Yong Lin Yang, Shi Feng Zhang, Jian Zhang Li
Abstract: The effect of melamine content in melamine modified urea formaldehyde (MUF) resin on durable properties of plywood was investigated using ammonium chloride (NH4Cl) with different melamine/urea (M/U) ratios. The plywood specimens were exposed to laboratory accelerated aging and/or cyclic soak-dry (SD). The experiment results indicated that the melamine contents in MUF resin showed an unobservable effect on the durable properties of MUF resin bonded plywood. The mechanical properties of plywood decreased more severely after accelerated aging test in acidic condition. However, the influence of different curing catalyst contents on mechanical properties and formaldehyde emission of UF resin can be minimized by adding melamine to the resin.
Authors: Ji Zhi Zhang, Xiao Ying Liu, Ying Ying Qiu, Xiao Mei Wang, Jian Zhang Li, Shi Feng Zhang
Abstract: Urea-formaldehyde resin was modified by a modifier with different synthetic processes labelled as UFM1, UFM2, and UFM3 respectively. As a comparison, normal UF resin with a F/U molar ratio of 1.1 labelled as UF0 was synthesized. The thermal behavior of modified urea-formaldehyde resins was studied by TG-DTA techniques, and the properties of plywood bonded with the UFM resins were investigated. The conclusions were as follows: (1) the modifier used in this study could significantly reduce the free formaldehyde content of urea-formaldehyde resin and the formaldehyde emission of plywood; (2) The exothermic peak temperatures of DTA curve were 129.37, 125.05, 120.98, and 116.11 °C for UF0, UFM1, UFM2, and UFM3 respectively. (3) The plywood manufactured with UFM2 and UFM3 resins have high bonding strength (1.28MPa and 1.59MPa) and low formaldehyde emission value (E1 grade).
Authors: Shi Feng Zhang, Lu Lu Zhou, Qiang Gao, Xu Xia Guo, Li Ou Chen, Chun Rui Han, Jian Zhang Li
Abstract: For improving the performance of acorn starch (AS) based bio-adhesive, AS graft glycidyl methacrylate (AS-g-GMA) adhesive was prepared in this paper. The properties of the AS-g-GMA adhesive were studied by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) and differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) measurement. The bonding strength of the plywood bonded by AS-g-GMA adhesive was measured according to Chinese National Standards methods to evaluate its water resistant. FTIR results indicated that GMA was grafted on the AS successfully. The bonding strength of the plywood bonded by AS-g-GMA adhesive showed lower curing temperature, better bonding strength, and water resistance comparing with that of control. The water resistant could reach type II grade (63°C water bath 3h) plywood requirement when the glycidyl methacrylate adding amount was 6% based on AS.
Authors: Ying Ying Qiu, Cheng Li, Ji Zhing Zhang, Jin Xue Jiang, Shi Feng Zhang, Jian Zhang Li
Abstract: For improving the bonding strength and water resistance of plywood bonded with soy protein adhesive (SPA), an amino polymer (AP) was synthesized using polyamines, and the AP was used to modify SPA to prepare a modified soy protein adhesive (MSPA) in this paper. The plywood was prepared using MSPA, and the effects of preparation technology of amino polymer and hot-pressing technology of plywood on the bonding strength of plywood were investigated. The results showed that the optimization preparation technologies of AP were as follow: the molar ratio of polyamine/modifying agents was 0.25/1, the pH value was 5, the reaction temperature was 70 °C, and the reaction time was 1.5 h. The optimization preparation technologies of plywood were that the hot-pressing temperature was 150 °C and the hot-pressing time was 60 s/mm. The bonding strength of plywood made from MSPA on the optimization preparation technology was 1.03 MPa, which meets the requirement of plywood type II (³0.7MPa). The MSPA bonded plywood had a rather low formaldehyde emission, which is close to that of wood itself.
Authors: Yao Hui Dong, Qiang Gao, Yue Zhang, Jian Zhang Li
Abstract: In order to characterize the curing behavior of low molar ratio urea-formaldehyde (UF) resin, the curing time and thermal analysis in curing reaction of the UF resins and the bonding strength and formaldehyde emission of plywood bonded by five kinds of low molar ratio UF resins with six different curing agents were studied. The results indicated that the UF resins with the molar ratio of formaldehyde to urea more than 1.0 could get reasonable curing time. The heat enthalpy of UF resins significantly increased with the enhancing the acidity of curing agent. The plywood manufactured by the UF resins with 1.1 molar ratio showed much higher bonding strength and lower formaldehyde emission.
Authors: Jiu Fang Duan, Jian Zhang Li
Abstract: A water absorbent wood hydrogel was prepared with the wood and acrylamide using glutaraldehyde as crosslinker. The structure of wood-based hydrogel was charactered by FTIR spectra. The monomer ratio, the amount of glutaraldehyde, the behavior of pH-sensitivity and salt-sensitivity of the wood hydrogel were studied in this paper. The results are as follows: The water absorption and grafting yield of wood-based hydrogel decreased with the increasing of wood content. The water absorption of wood-based hydrogel decreased with the crosslinker content increasing, the grafting yield increases with the crosslinker content increasing. The water absorption of wood-based hydrogel has strong sensitivity in pH value of 3.0 ~ 11.0 solution. At acidic and alkaline larger environment, the hydrogel shows a larger water absorption, and the smallest swelling ratio was obtained in pH7.0 buffer solution. The wood-based hydrogel shows stable behavior in different concentrations of sodium chloride solution.
Authors: Jiu Fang Duan, Jian Zhang Li, Li Ping Zhang
Abstract: This study prepared a wood-based hydrogel, which was studied as a fertilizer controlle and release carrier. The wood-based hydrogel was prepared by solution polymerization and whose structure was characterized by FTIR spectra. The water absorbing capacity and urea adsorption capacity were studied. The result shows that: With increasing degree of grafting yield, the water absorption increased at first and decreased afterward. The maximum appear at the glutaraldehyde amount of 0.4 times. The urea adsorption of the wood-base hydrogel has a strongest value in 10% aqueous solution of urea. The drug loading changed by the degree of crosslinking hydrogel and the wood content in the wood-based hydrogel. Hydrogel has a good adsorption capacity of urea,the hydrogel water absorption and urea absorption ability can be adjusted by the grafting rate. The wood powder prepared hydrogels is a new environmental protection materials, which has good prospects in controll and release of pesticides and fertilizers
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