Papers by Author: Jin Ce Liu

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Authors: Shi Wei Zhang, Guang Zhe Song, Zhuo Wang, Jin Ce Liu, Zhi Jun Zhang
Abstract: Aiming at the actual demand, the gas flow characteristics of butterfly vacuum control valves are investigated in this paper. Classification and characteristic of vacuum control valves are discussed in detail. The geometric and mathematic models for two kinds of butterfly vacuum control valves, with seal and without seal, are respectively built. The gas flows through the valve at different opening angles are simulated under different pressure by means of the Fluent software. The flow percentage function and adjustment sensitivity are introduced and formulated to describe the flow regulating characteristic of control valves. The flow conductance coefficient and flow loss coefficient are defined and formulated to describe the resistance characteristic of control valves. The dates and curves of some simulating examples are given and discussed.
Authors: Shi Wei Zhang, Jin Ce Liu, Guang Zhe Song, Zhi Jun Zhang
Abstract: In order to improve the calculation method of the vacuum system design, the research focus on the way applying the Fluent software to calculation of gas flow in vacuum system in this paper. It is proved that the permission pressure lower limit is 1Pa for meeting the continuity hypothesis. The applicable flow patterns include turbulent flow, laminar flow and transitional flow between turbulent and laminar flow, which are totally defined as the viscous flow in the traditional vacuum field. By means of user define function (UDF), a layer mesh cell of negative quality source is defined to simulate the constant volume flow rate at the inlet of positive displacement vacuum pump, which makes up for the lack of compressible fluid velocity outlet boundary conditions in Fluent. The usability of Fluent in vacuum system is confirmed by a successful calculating example of gas flow in an ice condenser of vacuum freeze dryer.
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