Papers by Author: Jiu Xing Zhang

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Authors: Xiang Cai Meng, Kui Long Lv, Jiu Xing Zhang, Da Li Qu
Abstract: The purpose of this study is to examine the inhibitory effects of nano-HA on the caries-inducing properties of a four-organism bacterial consortium in vitro. A series of in vitro anticarious experiments have been carried out by using a continuous culture system. Streptococcus mutans, Streptococcus sanguis, Actinomyces viscosus, Lactobacillus rhamnosus have been chosen as the experimental bacteria. After 48 hours, the dental plaque surface structure is observed with the scan electron microscope and the bacterial colonization was evaluated on dental plaque. The results show that Spherical nano-HA and mixed nano-HA are proved to be effective in anticarious experiments, and especially spherical nano-HA is more striking. It is able to damage the formation of biofilms (dental plaque), postpone or end the process of acid generation of bacteria metabolism. After 7 days, the demineralization of the enamel has been detected by using TEM. The spherical nano-HA might have a remineralization to early caries to prevent and decrease caries.
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Authors: Wei Qiang Liu, Ming Yue, Gong Ping Wang, Jiu Xing Zhang, Tao Li, Yao Fu Xiao
Abstract: Electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) tests of anisotropic Nd-Fe-B magnets prepared by spark plasma sintering (SPS) technique were carried out to investigate their corrosion kinetics in different solutions. According to the Nyquist and Bode diagrams, convenient equivalent circuit was modeled and the values of the proposed equivalent circuit components were calculated. It was found from the EIS plot formats that the electrochemical reaction of SPS Nd-Fe-B magnets was controlled by the step of surface charge transfer i.e. activation polarization in alkaline solution, while controlled by step of active substances adsorption on the magnet surface in salt and acidic solutions. Compared with conventional sintered Nd-Fe-B magnets, the SPS Nd-Fe-B magnets possess better chemical stability in saline and weak acidic environment.
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Authors: Kui Long Lu, Xiang Cai Meng, Jiu Xing Zhang, Xing Yi Li, Mei Ling Zhou
Abstract: The objective of this study was to investigate the inhibitory effect of the synthetic nanohydroxyapatite (HA) on dental caries. The nano-HA was synthesized by using the depositing reaction of Ca (H2PO4)2. The artificial dental caries was made by using sour solution and inoculating Streptococcus mutans (S.mutans) to the Sprague-Dawley (SD) rat’s mouth respectively. After mineralization of solution of nano-HA for 10 days, the hardness of enamel was measured. The inhibitory effect of the synthetic nano-HA on dental caries was detected by gargling way to rinse the rat tooth with the solution of nano-HA in the animal test. Transmission electron microscopy (TEM) revealed that the dried HA particles were needle-like with ф5-20nm×60nm and the sintered HA particles were spherical with less than 100nm. The remineralized test indicated that the solution of nano-HA with different shapes enhanced the hardness of artificial caries and improved the remineralization of artificial caries. The animal test showed that the dried nano-HA had the inhibitory effect on dental caries. The good absorptive effect of the nano-HA on both the saliva protein and the glucans leads to the development of interventions that could reduce or modify bacterial colonization of tooth surfaces.
1538
Authors: Kui Long Lv, Jiu Xing Zhang, Xiang Cai Meng, Xing Yi Li
Abstract: The aim of this study is to describe the remineralization effect of the nano-HA toothpaste on artificial caries. The artificial dental caries is made using sour solution. The demineralized teeth specimen is put into five kinds of toothpaste solution respectively for 5 days and 10 days, which are: solution of containing needle like nano-HA, solution of containing spherical nano-HA, solution of general HA, fluorine sodium solution and physiological saline. The hardness of specimen is measured and the surface morphology is characterized by SEM. The remineralized test indicates that the nano-HA toothpaste can enhance the hardness of artificial caries and improve the remineralization of artificial caries. The SEM analysis shows that the cavities and defects of enamel surface are decreased and many mineral salts are sedimentated, which indicate that the nano-HA could promote remineralization for the demineralized enamel.
267
Authors: Ming Yue, Meng Tian, Wei Qiang Liu, Jiu Xing Zhang
Abstract: The Nd2Fe14B/α-Fe bulk exchange-spring magnets have been prepared by spark plasma sintering melt spun Nd9.8Dy0. 4Fe78.4Co5.6B5.8 flakes under different temperatures and pressures. It was found that higher sintering temperature improved the densification of the magnets, while deteriorated their magnetic properties simultaneously. An increased compressive pressure can restrain the grain growth remarkably and then leads to better magnetic properties and higher density for the magnet at same sintering temperature. XRD analysis showed that with the increase of sintering pressure, some peaks indicating c-axis texture such as (006) and (105) became dominant. As a result, the bulk magnet exhibited higher remanence and maximum energy product than starting powders.
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