Papers by Author: Jorge Otubo

Paper TitlePage

Authors: Adriano Gonçalves Reis, Danieli Aparecida Pereira Reis, Antônio Jorge Abdalla, Antônio Augusto Couto, Jorge Otubo
Abstract: An in situ high-temperature X-ray diffraction (HTXRD) study in maraging 300 steel was carried out to study the martensite to austenite transformation and effect of time of exposure in the austenite reversion below austenite start temperature. Solution annealed materials were subjected to controlled heating-holding cycles. The first sample was heated at a rate of 10 oC/min from room temperature to 800 oC, showing that the microstructure is completely martensitic (α’110) until 600 oC. From 650 oC until 800 oC, the microstructure is gradually changing from martensitic to austenitic, showed by the increasing peaks of γ111 and reducing peaks of α’110. At 800 oC the microstructure is completely austenitic (γ111). Another sample was heated at 10 oC/min from room temperature to 600 oC and held for 4 hours. At 600 oC, at 0 h time of exposure, only a martensitic peak was observed. An austenite peak can be observed after some time of exposure at this temperature. The volume fraction of austenite increased with increasing time of exposure at 600 oC, reaching 50/50 volume fraction after 4 hours of exposure. XRD diffraction patterns for the same sample that was held for 4 hours at 600 oC and then cooled down in air to room temperature showed the same intensity of austenite and martensitic peaks found in situ at 600 oC for 4 hours (retained austenite), with the volume fraction of 50/50 of austenite and martensite phases. The HTXRD technique can be used to identify and quantify martensite to austenite transformation and austenite retention.
Authors: Carlos Alberto della Rovere, Rodrigo Silva, P. Hammer, Jorge Otubo, Sebastião Elias Kuri
Abstract: A study was conducted on the corrosion behavior and characteristics of the passive oxide film of Fe-Mn-Si-Cr-Ni-(Co) shape memory stainless steels (SMSS) in a concentrated nitric acid (HNO3) solution, based on potentiodynamic polarization, scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) analyses. The results indicated that Fe-Mn-Si-Cr-Ni-(Co) SMSSs exhibit a passive behavior similar to that of 304L austenitic stainless steel (304L SS). However, unlike 304L SS, their high silicon (Si) content renders them insensitive to intergranular attack in highly oxidizing environments. The XPS analysis also indicated that Si appears to be the main element responsible for the high protectiveness afforded by the passive film formed on Fe–Mn–Si–Cr–Ni–Co SMSS.
Authors: Adriano Gonçalves dos Reis, Danieli Aparecida Pereira Reis, Antônio Jorge Abdalla, Jorge Otubo
Abstract: The objective of this work is to evaluate creep behavior of a maraging steel (300 grade) solution annealed before and after superficial treatment of plasma nitriding. Creep tests were conducted on a standard creep machine at stress range of 200 to 500 MPa at 550°C. Samples with a gage length of 18.5 mm and a diameter of 3.0 mm were used for all tests. Creep parameters are determined and a comparative analysis is established with the results gotten from the alloy with and without plasma nitriding. Maraging 300 steel plasma nitrided has showed a similar creep behavior compared with the same alloy without superficial treatment, with creep rate and stress exponent results very close to the material only solution annealed. This result can be associated with the strong impact of reversion of martensite to austenite and overaging at this temperature and time of exposure that minimizes the benefits of a superficial treatment.
Authors: Adriano Gonçalves Reis, Danieli Aparecida Pereira Reis, Antônio Jorge Abdalla, Jorge Otubo, Antônio Augusto Couto, Francisco Piorino Neto
Abstract: The influence of plasma nitriding of a maraging 300 steel on mechanical properties at high temperature has been studied. Samples were tensile tested at 600°C in four conditions: solution treated (MAR-S), solution treated and aged (MAR-SA), solution treated and plasma nitrited (MAR-SP) and solution treated, aged and plasma nitrited (MAR-SAP). In the same sequence, the yield strength and ultimate tensile strength increased slightly respectively from 1073 to 1189 MPa and 1174 to 1301 MPa, an increase of about 10% due to plasma nitriding. All the samples presented similar values of elongation, around 18%, but the cross section area reduction decreased significantly by plasma nitriding from ~70% for MAR-S and MAR-SA to ~45% for MAR-SP and MAR-SAP, that is an decrease of 36% in average. This decrease is attributed to brittle fracture nucleated at 50 μm thick iron nitride layer. The inner fracture surface of the tensile tested specimens was predominantly ductile presenting characteristic microcavities.
Showing 1 to 4 of 4 Paper Titles