Papers by Author: Jung Woog Shin

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Authors: Y.J. Lee, I.A. Kim, S.A. Park, W.J. Shin, C.W. Kim, J.W. Bae, Ki Dong Park, Jung Woog Shin
Abstract: Thermosensitive scaffold was suggested for the partial replacement of nucleus in degenerated intervertebral disc with a minimally invasive surgical procedure. Biocompatible and thermosensitive scaffolds were prepared by coupling reaction of Pluronic with chitosan and it was inserted in degenerative spinal motion segments. To confirm the regeneration of degenerative discs and subsequent structural stability, cell proliferation and morphological changes were evaluated using relaxation time, quantity of DNA and histological examination. As a result, inserted group showed higher relaxation time, reduced the decrement of DNA contents, and accumulated GAG amount. The results confirmed the potential of thermosensitive scaffolds and minimally invasive surgical procedure for the regeneration of degenerative discs.
Authors: Seung Eon Kim, Yong Taek Hyun, Dong June Chung, S.J. Heo, Jung Woog Shin, J.H. Lee
Abstract: Poly ε-caprolactone(PCL)/hydroxyapatite(HA) composite scaffolds were fabricated by particulate leaching and freeze drying routes with different HA content. Porosity was decreased with HA addition, while mean pore size was maintained at around porogen size regardless of HA content. Compressive modulus was increased with increasing HA content. In this study, the optimum content of HA was around 40% in weight against PCL to obtain the highest compressive modulus with keeping porosity above 85%. HA apparently enhanced proliferation of osteoblast-like MG63 cells in PCL/HA composite scaffolds. Typical adhesion, migration and aggregation procedure of MG63 cells were found on PCL, while spreading morphology only was found on HA even at the early stage of adhesion without migration or aggregation.
Authors: Sang Sik Kang, Ji Koon Park, Byung Youl Cha, Jung Woog Shin, So Yeong Kim, Chi Woong Mun, Kun Hwan Lee, Hyung Won Lee, Sang Hee Nam
Abstract: Amorphous selenium (a-Se) film has the potential to fulfill the requirements of a novel x-ray image detector because of its good photo-to-dark impedance ratio, large area coverage, and low temperature deposition. In this work were studied the structural, optical and electrical properties of thermally- evaporated a-Se film for the phosphor-light modulator (PLM). From the x-ray diffraction and electron microscopy experimental results, the deposited film had an amorphous phase without any re-crystallization or defects. Also, the light absorption in widely visible range of 400 ~ 630 nm was over 95 %. From the electrical measurements, the low dark current density of 2.8 nA/cm2 was obtained at 10 V/㎛. The x-ray sensitivity of the 270㎛-Gd2O3:Eu phosphor coupled 20㎛-Se film was 7.31 nC/cm2-mR. From such experimental results, the novel x-ray detector which incorporates phosphor coupled x-ray light modulator, makes an operation at low x-ray exposure possible, therefore, the applications as a medical imaging detector are shown below.
Authors: Yong Taek Hyun, Seung Eon Kim, S.J. Heo, Jung Woog Shin
Abstract: Porous and bioactive composite scaffolds based on poly ε-caprolactone(PCL) and hydroxyapatite(HA) were successfully fabricated by solvent casting and salt leaching method. The scaffolds have interconnected pore structure with pore size ranging from 10μm to 500μm. The pore size of PCL scaffold and PCL/HA scaffold were similar to that of the salt particles. The pore walls became thick and the small pores on the surface of macropores were formed as the HA increased. MTT assay showed that HA content did not affect initial cell attachment in both PCL scaffolds and PCL/HA scaffolds. The osteoblasts proliferated in both scaffolds, but the cell number was higher in the PCL/HA composite scaffolds. It was found that the incorporation of hydroxyapatite enhances bone cell proliferation rather than initial cell attachment in PCL/HA composite scaffolds. The results suggest that the PCL/HA composite scaffolds have a potential for the bone tissue engineering applications.
Authors: Ji Koon Park, Sang Sik Kang, Sung Ho Cho, So Yeong Kim, Dae Woong Son, Jung Woog Shin, Jang Yong Choi, Byung Kyu Chun, Sang Hee Nam
Abstract: In this paper, we present the imaging parameters and compare both mercuric iodide (HgI2) and amorphous selenium (a-Se) films. Using MCNPX code, we designed the film structure and its thickness for the optimized detector in the diagnostic x-ray range. The mercuric iodide film was formed by a wet binder process, while the amorphous selenium film was deposited by physical vapor deposition (PVD). These deposition methods are capable of being scaled up to sizes required in diagnostic imaging applications. The electronic properties are investigated using dark current, x-ray sensitivity and signal to noise ratio (SNR). From our results, the developed HgI2 film as an alternative to a-Se photoconductor, which is in practical use in flat panel x-ray imaging detector, will prove its usefulness in the future design and the optimization for various diagnostic modalities.
Authors: S.J. Heo, S.A. Park, H.J. Shin, Y.J. Lee, T.R. Yoon, H.Y. Seo, K.C. Ahn, S.E. Kim, Jung Woog Shin
Abstract: PMMA remains the most popular material of bone cement for orthopaedic surgeries. However, conventional PMMA bone cement still has some problems. For this, we suggested new composite material (BBC) consisting of hydroxyapatite (45%), chitosan (10%) and PMMA. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the bonding stress at the interface of PMMA with additives and host bone using a rabbit model. After 6, 12 weeks of operation, the bonding stresses were evaluated by measuring shear stress through push-out test. The results of the tests showed that after 6 weeks the shear stress of the BBC was 2.65±0.29MPa and the PMMA was 1.21±0.31MPa (p<0.05). However, after 12 weeks, there were no significant differences between BBC and conventional PMMA bone cement. In SEM analysis, bone surface of BBC showed higher roughness than that of conventional PMMA bone cement after push-out test. From the study we conducted, addition of HA particles and chitosan to conventional PMMA bone cement showed promising results. The BBC has clinical potential of bone substitutes replacing conventional PMMA.
Authors: K.S. Jee, Joon Woo Bae, Ki Dong Park, Yong Hwan Kim, Jung Woog Shin, Jin Woo Lee
Authors: S.J. Heo, S.E. Kim, Yong Taek Hyun, D.H. Kim, Hyang Mi Lee, Yeong Maw Hwang, S.A. Park, Jung Woog Shin
Abstract: This study evaluated the potential of the PCL (poly -caprolactone)/HA(Hydroxyapatite) composite materials as a scaffold for bone regeneration. For this, we fabricated scaffolds utilizing salt leaching method. The PCL/HA composite scaffolds were prepared with various HA contents (20wt%, 40wt%, 60 wt %). To ensure the potential for the scaffolds, porosity tests were conducted along with SEM observations. The porosity decreased with the increase of the contents of HA particles. The porosity of the composite with the highest contents of HA was still adoptable (~85%). In addition, the PCL/HA composite scaffolds were evaluated for their ability of osteogenic differentiation with human bone marrow stromal cell (hBMSC) in vitro. Alkaline phosphatase (ALP) activity, markers for osteoblastic differentiation, and total protein contents were evaluated in hBMSCs following 14 days of cultivation. The addition of HA particles enhanced proliferation of hBMSC during the test. Also, the differentiation ability of the cells was increased as HA particles were added. In this study, we concluded that PCL/HA composite scaffolds has great potential as a scaffold for bone tissue engineering.
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