Papers by Author: K.T. Chau

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Authors: Wei Shen Zhu, Shu Cai Li, R.H.C. Wong, K.T. Chau, Jian Xu
Authors: Y.S.H. Guo, R.H.C. Wong, K.T. Chau, Wei Shen Zhu, Shu Cai Li
Abstract: A number of instability problems in rock engineering projects are caused by crack propagation. However, crack growth mechanisms from 3-dimentional flaw are not fully understood, in particular for 3-D flaw case with varied dipping angle. This study focuses on 3-D surface flaw using real rock specimens containing a flaw with varied inclination angle α from axial loading and dipping angle γ from specimen surface under uniaxial compression. Acoustic emission technique was used for tracing the initiation and growth of micro-cracks inside of specimen. It was found that crack growth process is affected by the dipping angle γ of the 3-D flaw. When dipping angle γ ≠ 90º, the thickness of rock above the flaw plane is thinner than that of below the flaw plane. As a result, compressive crack and wing crack initiated easily from the thinner flaw tips. And, the normalized stress for crack initiation σi /σc, AE events and the AE energy for crack growth decreases with the dipping angle γ. However, for γ = 90º, the thickness of rock above and below of the flaw tips is the same, it was observed that anti-wing crack (crack growth direction opposite to wing crack) initiated first at a certain place away from the flaw tips, then wing crack and compressive crack emerged at the late stage. For this case, the stress σi /σc, AE events and the AE energy for crack initiation and propagation are at a high value. Thus, for rock mass contains flaws geometry with small dipping angle, some problems of crack propagation may be induced easily during excavation.
Authors: Shu Cai Li, Shu Chen Li, Wei Shen Zhu, Wei Zhong Chen, Le Wen Zhang, K.T. Chau
Abstract: Three-dimensional hydro-mechanical coupling analyses have been conducted on the water-tight structure of the cofferdam for both intake and outlet of Taian pumped storage power station, located in Shandong Province of China. In addition, the effects of excavation on the cofferdam and foundation slopes were also studied by using the 3D FLAC. The calculation results show that the central core of high-pressure grouting has a prefect anti-seepage effect and therefore is able to strengthen the stability of the cofferdam and foundation slopes. The excavation process has only some local effects on the cofferdam and does not greatly affect the global stability of the cofferdam. Therefore, no failure takes place around slope toes. The results show that the width of platform left on the excavation side is reasonable.
Authors: T.F. Wong, R.H.C. Wong, Ming Ruo Jiao, K.T. Chau, Chun An Tang
Abstract: A major challenge in rock mechanics has been the realistic modeling that can reveal the progressive accumulation of damage and shear localization in a brittle rock under compression. The Rock Failure Process Analysis code (RFPA2D) is an efficient tool and realistic model to simulate such complexities. A key assumption of the code is that the heterogeneity of elastic moduli and failure strength are characterized by the Weibull distribution with two parameters (m and σ0 ). However, these two parameters do automatically not relate to the microstructural parameters, such as grain size and microcrack statistics. Therefore, the purpose of this paper is to elucidate the micromechanical basis of these Weibull parameters, specifically how they depend on microstructural attributes such as grain size and crack statistics. Secondly, a methodology was developed to quantitatively determine the relevant micromechanical parameters for input into the RFPA2D code. Finally, the methodology was implemented by quantifying the microcrack geometry and statistics of real rock and simulating its uniaxial compression and progressive failure behavior. The simulated result agrees well with the experimental study.
Authors: P. Lin, R.H.C. Wong, K.T. Chau, Chun An Tang
Authors: Ming Ruo Jiao, R.H.C. Wong, T.F. Wong, K.T. Chau, Chun An Tang
Abstract: It has long been recognized that the strength of brittle rocks decreases with the grain size. However, very few systematic investigation of this phenomenon has been made using numerical method. This paper presents the results of a numerical simulation using the Rock Failure Process Analysis code (RFPA2D) to investigate the effects of grain size on the uniaxial compressive strength and the failure behavior of Yuen Long marble. The Weibull distribution with two parameters (m that characterizes the strength heterogeneity, and σ0 that corresponds to the mean strength of an element) selected based on micromechanical basis is used in the RFPA2D code for simulation. The simulated stress-strain curves of Yuen Long marbles with different grain sizes under uniaxial compressive condition agrees well with the experimental study. The progressive failure process was captured in the numerical simulations. Our simulations also reproduced the influence of grain size, with strength scaling approximately with the inverse square root of grain size, which is in agreement with the previous experimental study.
Authors: Wan Cheng Zhu, K.T. Chau, Chun An Tang
Abstract: Brazilian test is a standardized test for measuring indirect tensile strength of rock and concrete disc (or cylinder). Similar test called indirect tensile test has also been used for other geomaterials. Although splitting of the disc into two halves is the expected failure mode, other rupture modes had also been observed. More importantly, the splitting tensile strength of rock can vary significantly with the specimen geometry and loading condition. In this study, a numerical code called RFPA2D (abbreviated from Rock Failure Process Analysis) is used to simulate the failure process of disc and ring specimens subject to Brazilian test. The failure patterns and splitting tensile strengths of specimens with different size and loading-strip-width are simulated and compared with existing experimental results. In addition, two distinct failure patterns observed in ring tests have been simulated using RFPA2D and thus this verifies the applicability of RFPA2D in simulating rock failure process under static loads.
Authors: K.T. Chau, Wan Cheng Zhu, Chun An Tang, S.Z. Wu
Abstract: This paper presents a new computer program called DIFAR (or dynamic incremental failure analysis of rock) that can simulate fracture process of brittle rocks under dynamic impacts. The program is based on a linear elastic finite element method incorporated with a failure criterion for damage checking. Modulus is reduced once the failure criterion is satisfied. In addition, Weibull distribution of the modulus and strength of the elements are used for modeling the mesoscopic heterogeneity. The failure criterion is a Mohr-Coulomb type of condition with a tensile cut-off, in which strength parameters are functions of the strain rate. More importantly, the whole fracture process of rock fragmentation can be simulated, including initiation, propagation, and coalescence of microcracks. The program DIFAR has been used to simulate elastic wave propagation and nonlinear fragmentation, and validity and efficiency of this program is demonstrated. The program can be considered as a dynamic counterpart of the RFPA, a failure analysis program for static loads, developed at Northeastern University, China.
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