Papers by Author: Klemens Brueckner

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Authors: Volker Cimalla, C. C. Röhlig, V. Lebedev, Oliver Ambacher, Katja Tonisch, Florentina Niebelschütz, Klemens Brueckner, Matthias A. Hein
Abstract: With the increasing requirements for microelectromechanical systems (MEMS) regarding stability, miniaturization and integration, novel materials such as wide band gap semiconductors are receiving more attention. The outstanding properties of group III-nitrides offer many more possibilities for the implementation of new functionalities and a variety of technologies are available to realize group III-nitride based MEMS. In this work we demonstrate the application of these techniques for the fabrication of full-nitride MEMS. It includes a novel actuation and sensing principle based on the piezoelectric effect and employing a two-dimensional electron gas confined in AlGaN/GaN heterostructures as integrated back electrode. Furthermore, the actuation of flexural and longitudinal vibration modes in resonator bridges are demonstrated as well as their sensing properties.
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Authors: Jörg Pezoldt, Christian Förster, Volker Cimalla, Florentina Will, Ralf Stephan, Klemens Brueckner, Matthias A. Hein, Oliver Ambacher
Abstract: The resonant frequencies and quality factors of MEMS and NEMS depend critically on the layer quality and the residual stress in the SiC/Si heterostructure. It is demonstrated, that FTIRellipsometry is a suitable technique for monitoring the inhomogeneous residual stress inside SiC/Si heterostructures containing thin layers and their variation with during processing.
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Authors: Christian Förster, Volker Cimalla, M. Stubenrauch, Carsten Rockstuhl, Klemens Brueckner, Matthias A. Hein, Jörg Pezoldt, Oliver Ambacher
Abstract: In this paper the multifariousness of SiC/Si heterostructures for device and sensor applications will be demonstrated. 3C-SiC based microelectromechanical resonator beams (MEMS) with different geometries actuated by the magnetomotive effect operating under ambient conditions were fabricated. The resonant frequency reaches values up to 2 MHz. The applications of these resonators are the measurement of the viscosity of liquids or mass detection. Furthermore, photonic devices in the form of SiC/Si infrared gratings for wavelength and polarization filters in infrared spectra are processed. SiC wear protection for a dosing system with the possibility to dose nano- or picoliter droplets of water based liquids as well as SiC nanomasking for catalytic agent nanostructures are demonstrated.
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Authors: Florentina Niebelschütz, Klemens Brueckner, Volker Cimalla, Matthias A. Hein, Jörg Pezoldt
Abstract: The adjustment of the properties of 3C-SiC based MEMS devices, i.e. the quality factor and resonant frequency, was achieved by changing the residual stress and the 3C-SiC material quality of the SiC-layers grown on Si(111) by manipulating the nucleation conditions and growth conditions with Ge deposition prior to the carbonization and epitaxial growth. Previous Raman analysis of the SiC-layers and measured resonant frequencies and quality factors of the processed MEMS show a dependence on the Ge amount at the interface of the Si/SiC heterostructure, which allows to adjust the MEMS properties to the requirements needed for certain applications.
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Authors: Florentina Niebelschütz, Wei Hong Zhao, Klemens Brueckner, Katja Tonisch, Matthias Linß, Matthias A. Hein, Jörg Pezoldt
Abstract: The manipulation of nucleation and growth conditions with Ge deposition prior to the carbonization and epitaxial growth changes the residual stress and the material quality of 3C-SiC(100)-layers grown on Si(100). This enables the modification of quality factor and resonant frequency of microelectromechanical systems (MEMS) based on 3C-SiC-layers. Measured resonant frequencies and quality factors of the magnetomotively actuated MEMS exhibit a dependence on the Ge amount at the interface of the Si/SiC heterostructure. This offers a degree of freedom to adjust the MEMS properties within a certain range to the requirements necessary for specific applications. The observed dependencies of the Young’s modulus are in good agreement with the trends of residual stress and Young’s modulus, which were determined on as grown 3C-SiC(100):Ge samples by fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy and nanoindentation.
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