Papers by Author: Krzysztof Jan Kurzydlowski

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Authors: Jan S. Wróbel, Duc Nguyen-Manh, Krzysztof Jan Kurzydlowski
Abstract: In this chapter, we present the basic principles and methods for modelling of diffusion and phase stability of alloys using ab-initio methods. We review briefly first-principles methods and their most important approximations. The direct and approximated methods of prediction of migration energies are shown both for pure metals and for alloys. The cluster expansion method is described in more detail. We show that it can be applied to understand interactions in the alloys, to generate the representative structures of alloys and to predict migration barriers in alloys. We describe the methods to compute the effective cluster interactions and to assess the accuracy of the model. Finally, we present the examples of Monte Carlo simulations with parameters obtained from cluster expansion method. We show that the ordering in alloys can be predicted by the calculations of Warren-Cowley parameters. We investigate also the role of entropy in the stability of alloys at elevated temperatures.
Authors: A. Oziębło, K. Konopka, E. Bobryk, Mikolaj Szafran, Krzysztof Jan Kurzydlowski
Abstract: This paper describes technology, which can be used to obtain ceramic-metal composites with a gradient of metal particles concentration. Graded composites, have been obtained by slip casting. The gradient of iron concentration was induced by magnetic field. Microstructures of the specimens have been investigated using a light and scanning electron microscopy. Quantitative analysis of microstructures has been carried out with the help of image analyzer. The obtained results prove the possibility to produce Al2O3-Fe functionally graded materials under the magnetic field.
Authors: Urszula Narkiewicz, Marcin Podsiadły, Iwona Pełech, Waleran Arabczyk, M.J. Woźniak, Krzysztof Jan Kurzydlowski
Abstract: Nanocrystalline cobalt was carburised with ethylene in the range 340– 500°C to obtain Co(C) nanocapsules. The carbon deposit was reduced by a flow of hydrogen in the range 500– 560°C. The reduction kinetics were studied using thermogravimetry, described by the equation: α = Α[1-exp(-kt)n]. The apparent activation energy of the reduction process of the carbon deposit was determined. After carburisation and reduction the samples were examined by XRD and HRTEM.
Authors: Werner Hufenbach, Maik Gude, Andrzej Czulak, Frank Engelmann, Krzysztof Jan Kurzydlowski, Józef Śleziona
Abstract: Constantly rising demands on extremely stressed lightweight structures, particularly in traffic engineering as well as in machine building and plant engineering, increasingly require the use of continuous fibre-reinforced composite materials. Due to their selectively adaptable characteristics profiles, they are clearly superior to conventional monolithic materials. Composites with textile reinforcement offer the highest flexibility for adaptation to reinforcing structures in to complex loading conditions. This study shows that the gas pressure infiltration technique was successfully assessed for manufacture of carbon fibre reinforced aluminium metal composites (CF/Al-MMCs), consisting of unidirectional as well as bidirectional Ni-coated carbon fibres with different Al-alloy matrix systems. As wail as investigating of the deformation and failure behaviour of CF/Al-MMCs, their thermo-physical properties, were determined such as the coefficient of thermal expansion. Furthermore, fractographic analysis and closer microscopic inspections indicate they fail with a brittle fracture.
Authors: Jakub Jaroszewicz, Hubert Matysiak, Jakub Michalski, Kamil Matuszewski, Krzysztof Kubiak, Krzysztof Jan Kurzydlowski
Abstract: X-ray micro-computed tomography system has been used for visualization in two- (2-D) and three dimensions (3-D) of the dendrite structure and pores in single-crystals fabricated by Bridgman investment casting technique. The system described in the paper reconstructs 3-D geometry from a set of 2-D images obtained by multiple slicing of an X-ray radiography image. The results obtained in this study demonstrate the effect of withdrawal rate on the primary dendrite arm spacing and porosity in single-crystal made of CMSX-4 alloy.
Authors: Mariusz Kulczyk, Wacław Pachla, Anna Swiderska-Sroda, Nikolay A. Krasilnikov, Ryszard Diduszko, Andrzej Mazur, Witold Łojkowski, Krzysztof Jan Kurzydlowski
Abstract: An ultra-fine grained microstructure was obtained in high purity nickel by a combination of (a) equal-channel angular pressing (ECAP) and (b) hydrostatic extrusion (HE) with a cumulative true strain of ~11.2. The resulting microstructure was examined by light and TEM microscopy. Mechanical properties have been measured by tensile and hardness tests. It was found that HE of ECAP-ed samples leads to a significant grain size refinement (from 330 to 160nm) and to an increase in microstructural homogeneity. SPD nickel, made by a combination of the ECAP and hydrostatic extrusion methods, has high strength and ductility (i.e.: YS=1120MPa and εf = 11%). The microstructure transformation was accompanied by a strength increase of 78% compared to ECAP alone. The results obtained fit well with the Hall-Petch relationship. A combination of ECAP and HE has achieved much better properties than either single process and show it to be a promising procedure for manufacturing bulk UFG nickel.
Authors: Krzysztof Jan Kurzydlowski
Abstract: Grain boundaries significantly influence the properties of polycrystalline metallic materials, particularly with grain sizes in the nano-metre range. The effect of grain boundaries on plasticity, fracture and corrosion resistance is well documented experimentally. The aim of this paper is to show that recent progress in modelling of the role of grain boundaries in metallic materials offers new possibilities for optimizing their properties.
Authors: R. Sitek, Janusz Kaminski, Marcin Pisarek, Hubert Matysiak, Krzysztof Jan Kurzydlowski
Abstract: The paper presents results of investigations into the structure and corrosion resistance of Ti-Al diffusion layers produced on two phase (a+b) Ti6Al4V alloy by Chemical Vapour Deposition (CVD). The process was carried out in aluminium chloride (AlCl3) mixed with argon atmosphere. Surface topography and microstructure characterization of the coatings were examined by scanning electron microscopy (SEM). The local chemical composition witch 1 μm lateral resolution was measured via EDS. The phase content was investigated by X-ray diffraction and analysis of the chemical composition of the surface by XPS. Corrosion resistance was tested using the potentiodynamic method in 0.1M Na2SO4 and 0.1M H2SO4 solutions at the room temperature. Their resistance to high temperature at atmospheric pressure was tested by 24-hours cycling to 700°C. The results indicate that the layers produced on the Ti6Al4V titanium alloy exhibit a very good adhesion combined with exceptional corrosion resistance, especially high at high temperatures.
Authors: Jakub Skibinski, Tomasz Wejrzanowski, Krzysztof Jan Kurzydlowski
Abstract: In the present study modeling of permeability of open-porosity ceramic materials used in non-polarizing electrodes is addressed. The structure of the material filling the electrode determines the infiltration of the ceramic structure by electrolyte, which influences the efficiency of the electrodes. The composition of electrode material was characterized with Scanning Electron Microscope Hitachi S3500N with EDS detector and the structure was determined with use of XRadia XCT400 tomograph . The complex geometry of porous materials has been designed using procedure based on Laguerre-Voronoi tessellations (LVT). A set of porous structures with different geometrical features has been developed using LVT algorithm. The approach used here allows to investigate the influence of geometrical features such pore size variation on the permeability of studied materials. Pressure drop characteristics of the developed structures has been analyzed using finite volume method (FVM). The results show that permeability of porous materials is strongly related with distribution of pore size. The study exhibits the utility of developed design procedure for optimization of non-polarizing electrodes performance.
Authors: Romuald Dobosz, Krzysztof Jan Kurzydlowski
Abstract: In this Chapter, the finite element simulations of diffusion processes in homogeneous and polycrystalline materials are presented as well as some analytical solutions and implementations of basic diffusion relations. For the homogeneous materials the presented examples show the changes in time of the concentration of diffusing matter within the semi-infinite system and simulation of anisotropic nature of diffusion processes.The polycrystalline materials have been analysed for three cases, namely influence of average grain size and the homogeneity of grain size on the macroscopic diffusivity as well as simulation of the diffusion strains. The homogenisation technique has been used to estimate the diffusion property of grains aggregates.
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