Papers by Author: Kyoo Young Lee

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Authors: Roumen H. Petrov, Orlando León-García, Hemant Sharma, Kyoo Young Lee, S. Eric Offerman, Leo Kestens
Abstract: Texture formation during an austempering treatment of a TRIP-assisted steel was studied by in-situ texture measurements with a high energy source (synchrotron). Samples from a cold rolled sheet were subjected to a complete heat treatment cycle for TRIP steels including reheating to the intercritical (α+γ) temperature region, isothermal soaking and bainitic holding (austempering) at 400°C for 600s. At specific points of the thermal cycle {200}γ, {220}γ {222}γ, {331}γ and {200}α, {211}α and {220}α Debye rings were recorded and the corresponding incomplete pole figures were calculated. The latter were used to derive the orientation distribution functions (ODFs) of BCC and FCC phases at specific steps of the annealing process after assuming the orthotropic sample symmetry. The acquired data for the texture evolution during the α–γ–α phase transformation showed that during the reheating for intercritical annealing the gamma phase with {011} orientation is among the first to nucleate from the recrystallized α phase during heating and the Goss and Cube orientations are among the principal gamma phase components which transform to BCC phase after cooling.
Authors: Kyoo Young Lee, Gyo Sung Kim, Leo Kestens
Abstract: By applying a double cold rolling and annealing treatment, the evolution of the α and γ fiber components differed from the ones observed in conventional processing. This is attributed to the difference of the initial texture. An increased reduction of stored energy of the {111}<112> component was found by monitoring the change of the stored energy during annealing, indicating that the onset of the nucleation stage of recrystallization by relaxation and annihilation of dislocations occurred mainly on the {111}<112> component with its higher stored energy. The detailed texture evolution of the double cold rolled specimen during 2nd annealing is described by coupling the theory of oriented nucleation and orientation pinning, which is experimentally confirmed by OIM scan.
Authors: Ohjoon Kwon, Kyoo Young Lee, Gyo Sung Kim, Kwang Geun Chin
Abstract: The body design with light weight and enhanced safety is a key issue in the car industry. Corresponding to this trend, POSCO is developing various automotive steel products with advanced performance. Conventional advanced high strength steels such as DP and TRIP steels are now expanding their application since the steels exhibit higher strength and ductility than those of conventional solution and precipitation strengthened high strength steels. Efforts have been made to enhance the mechanical performance of these steels such as ductility, hole expansion ratio, deep drawability, etc. Current research is focused on development of extra- and ultra-AHSS. Extra-AHSS are designed to utilize nano-scale retained austenite embedded in fine bainite and martensite. Ultra-AHSS are designed to have austenite as the major phase, and the ductility is enhanced primarily by continuous strain hardening generated during forming. These steels including extra- and ultra-AHSS are believed to be the next generation automotive steels which will replace the existing high strength steels due to their extremely high strength and ductility combinations.
Authors: Kyoo Young Lee, Young Roc Im, Leo Kestens, Gyo Sung Kim
Abstract: The microstructural evolution and the softening behavior of hot rolled and 60% cold rolled 0.85wt% carbon pearlitic steels during spheroidization annealing have been investigated by using the textural and microstructural information contained in the Orientation Imaging Microscopy (OIM) scans. The local boundary energy map, recently suggested by the present authors, is used to monitor the changes of stored plastic strain energy distribution in ferrite during the annealing process, which shows that the spheroidization process of cementite is finished before the completion of recrystallization of the 60% cold-rolled high carbon pearlitic steel.
Authors: Kyoo Young Lee, Gyo Sung Kim, Kwang Geun Chin, Leo Kestens
Abstract: The evolution of texture and stored energy was studied for Ti bearing and Ti-Nb bearing IF high strength steel undergoing a double cold rolling and annealing treatment by using Orientation Imaging Microscopy. Ti bearing IF high strength steel showed a similar texture evolution of the α and γ fiber components to that of IF steel. On the contrary, Ti-Nb bearing IF high strength steel displayed a different texture evolution from the one observed in the former steels. The difference in texture and stored energy evolution between both high strength steels seemed to be affected by the segregation behavior of solute alloying elements such as P.
Authors: Sea Woong Lee, Kyoo Young Lee, Bruno C. De Cooman
Abstract: Ultra-fine grained TRIP steels (UFG-TRIP) containing 6wt%Mn were produced by intercritical annealing. An ultra-fine grained microstructure with a grain size less than 1μm was obtained. The formation mechanism of the high volume fraction of retained austenite was investigated by dilatometry, XRD and magnetic saturation. The fraction of retained austenite was strongly dependent on the annealing temperature. The tensile properties were also found to be strongly influenced by the annealing temperature with poorer mechanical properties being observed at higher annealing temperatures. It was found that the stabilization of the retained austenite was both a composition and size-effect, made possible by the grain refinement due to the reversely transformed martensite.
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