Papers by Author: L.I. Murin

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Authors: Valentin V. Litvinov, Bengt Gunnar Svensson, L.I. Murin, J. Lennart Lindström, Vladimir P. Markevich
Abstract: Intensities of infrared absorption due to asymmetric stretching vibrations of interstitial oxygen atoms in Ge crystals enriched with 16O and 18O isotopes have been compared with oxygen concentrations determined by means of secondary ion mass spectrometry (SIMS). For Ge samples with oxygen content less than 5⋅1017 cm-3 a good correlation has been found between the values of oxygen concentration and values of absorption coefficient in maximum of the absorption band at 855.6 cm-1 with a proportionality coefficient CO = 0.95.1017 сm-2. It is argued that kinetics of oxygen-related thermal double donor formation and oxygen loss upon heat-treatments of Ge crystals at 350 оС cannot be described properly with the application of calibration coefficient CO = 5.1016 cm-2, which is widely used for the determination of oxygen concentration in Ge crystals.
Authors: L.I. Murin, V.P. Markevich, J. Lennart Lindström, Mats Kleverman, J. Hermansson, T. Hallberg, Bengt Gunnar Svensson
Authors: L.I. Murin, Bengt Gunnar Svensson, J. Lennart Lindström, Vladimir P. Markevich, Charalamos A. Londos
Abstract: Fourier transform infrared absorption spectroscopy was used to study the evolution of multivacancy-oxygen-related defects in the temperature range 200-300 °C in Czochralski-grown Si samples irradiated with MeV electrons or neutrons. A clear correlation between disappearance of the divacancy (V2) related absorption band at 2767 cm-1 and appearance of two absorption bands positioned at 833.4 and 842.4 cm-1 at 20 K (at 825.7 and 839.1 cm-1 at room temperature) has been found. Both these two emerging bands have previously been assigned to a divacancy-oxygen defect formed via interaction of mobile V2 with interstitial oxygen (Oi) atoms. The present study shows, however, that the two bands arise from different defects since the ratio of their intensities depends on the type of irradiation. The 842.4 cm-1 band is much more pronounced in neutron irradiated samples and we argue that it is related to a trivacancy-oxygen defect (V3O) formed via interaction of mobile V3 with Oi atoms or/and interaction of mobile V2 with VO defects.
Authors: L.F. Makarenko, F.P. Korshunov, Stanislav B. Lastovskii, L.I. Murin, Michael Moll
Abstract: DLTS studies of transformation kinetics of different carbon–related complexes in electron irradiated n- and p-type silicon have been performed. It has been found that silicon self-interstitials have very low mobility even at room temperature in p-Si, but become extremely mobile under elec-tron injection. It is shown that upon annealing of interstitial carbon in p-Si a metastable state for interstitial carbon-interstitial oxygen complex is formed. This state has an energy level of about Еv+0.36 eV. The formation of the stable and metastable states takes place concurrently. The observed features of the carbon-related complexes formation are likely related to the existence of different crystallographic orientation of the equiprobable pathways through which the interstitial carbon and oxygen atoms can approach each other.
Authors: L.I. Murin, V.P. Markevich
Authors: Vladimir P. Markevich, L.I. Murin, Stanislav B. Lastovskii, I.F. Medvedeva, J. Lennart Lindström, Anthony R. Peaker, J. Coutinho, R. Jones, Vitor J.B. Torres, Sven Öberg, Patrick R. Briddon
Abstract: The electronic properties and structure of a complex incorporating a self-interstitial (I) and two oxygen atoms are presented by a combination of deep level transient spectroscopy (DLTS), infrared absorption spectroscopy and ab-initio modeling studies. It is argued that the IO2 complex in Si can exist in four charge states (IO− 2 , IO02 , IO+ 2 , and IO++ 2 ). The first and the second donor levels of the IO2 complex show an inverted location order in the gap, leading to a E(0/ + +) occupancy level at Ev + 0.255 eV. Activation energies for hole emission, transformation barriers between different structures, and positions of LVM lines for different configurations and charge states have been determined. These observables were calculated by density-functional calculations, which show that they are accounted for if we consider at least two charge-dependent defect structures.
Authors: Vladimir P. Markevich, Anthony R. Peaker, L.I. Murin, Valentin V. Emtsev, Valentin V. Litvinov, Nikolay V. Abrosimov, L. Dobaczewski
Abstract: Deep states produced during γ irradiation of germanium have been compared with the defects produced by 1 and 3MeV silicon ion implantation. The deep states have been studied using DLTS and Laplace DLTS techniques. Isochronal annealing has been used to investigate the defect evolution and stability over the range 100 to 500°C. It is found that while irradiation damage can be removed with a very low thermal budget, the implantation damage is more complex and much more difficult to remove. By comparing low (1010cm-2) and high (1012cm-2) implantation doses it appears that both the complexity and stability of defects increases with increasing dose. Similar experiments have been performed on Ge rich Si1-xGex (x=0.992). The focus of this work has been on vacancy related defects. It is believed that the diffusion of both acceptors and donors is vacancy mediated in Ge and so vacancy clusters rather than interstitial clusters are expected to be the technologically significant defect in enhanced diffusion. The significance in terms of junction leakage and generation currents are discussed in the paper in the context of the observed defect reactions.
Authors: J. Lennart Lindström, T. Hallberg, P. Liberski, Bengt Gunnar Svensson, L.I. Murin, V.P. Markevich
Authors: Vladimir P. Markevich, Anthony R. Peaker, Stanislav B. Lastovskii, Vasilii E. Gusakov, I.F. Medvedeva, L.I. Murin
Abstract: Defects induced in silicon crystals by irradiations with 6 MeV electrons in the temperature range 60 to 500 oC have been studied by means of deep level transient spectroscopy (DLTS) and high-resolution Laplace DLTS. Diodes for the study were fabricated on n-type epitaxially grown Si wafers. The DLTS spectra for the samples irradiated at elevated temperatures were compared with those for samples, which were subjected to irradiation at 60 oC and subsequent isochronal anneals in a furnace. The dominant radiation-induced defects in the samples irradiated at temperatures lower than 400 oC were found to be vacancy-oxygen (VO) and interstitial carbon – interstitial oxygen (CiOi) complexes. The introduction rates of the VO and CiOi centers increased about twice upon raising the irradiation temperature from 50 to 400 oC. It is argued that this effect is associated with either a) the suppression of the annihilation rate of Frenkel pairs or b) a decrease in the threshold energy for displacement of a host Si atom upon increase in the irradiation temperature. Transformations of deep level traps due to divacancies (V2) and trivacancies (V3) to V2-oxygen and V3-oxygen complexes were found to occur upon irradiation or annealing at temperatures exceeding 250 oC. A clear anti-correlation between changes in the minority carrier life time induced in the p+-n diodes by irradiation at different temperatures and changes in the concentrations of radiation-induced vacancy- and vacancy-oxygen-related complexes was found.
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